Forestry

Forestry: Introduction

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Faculty Affiliation

Forestry

Degree Programs

Forest Conservation

​​MFC​​

Forestry

​MScF
​PhD​

Collaborative Specializations

The following collaborative specialization is available to students in participating degree programs as listed below:

Environmental Studies

  • Forest Conservation, MFC

  • Forestry, MScF, PhD​

Overview

The Faculty of Forestry is a unified group of interdisciplinary, diverse, dedicated, and innovative natural, engineering, and social scientists. Research areas include forest conservation science, forest ecosystem management, forest governance and policy, urban forestry, and biomass utilization for sustainable bio-based materials and chemical products.

The Faculty provides unique, integrative, and applied education to future leaders in these fields. Its research drives the practices and decisions of current leaders who are tasked with successfully managing the competing demands placed on Ontario’s, Canada’s, and the world’s forests in the context of social and environmental change.

Contact and Address

Web: www.forestry.utoronto.ca
Email: deborah.paes@utoronto.ca
Telephone: (416) 946-7952
Fax: (416) 978-3834

Faculty of Forestry
University of Toronto
Earth Sciences Centre
33 Willcocks Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3B3
Canada

Forestry: Graduate Faculty

Full Members

Allison, Jeremy D. - PhD
Carleton, Terence - BSc, MSc, PhD
Caspersen, John - BA, PhD (Graduate Coordinator)
Kant, Shashi - BE, MA, PhD
Malcolm, Jay - BSc, MSc, PhD
Martell, David - BASc, MASc, PhD
Price, Anthony - BSc, MSc, PhD
Sain, Mohini - PhD
Singh, Neera - BSc, MF, PhD
Smith, C.Tattersall - BA, MS, PhD
Smith, Sandy - BAgrSc, MSc, PhD
Thomas, Sean - BA, PhD
Wotton, Brian Michael - BSc, PhD
Yan, Ning - BSc, PhD, PEng

Members Emeriti

Aird, Paul - BSc, MS, PhD
Balatinecz, John - BSF, MF, PhD
Blake, Terence - DipFor, BScF, STB, MF, PhD
Bryan, Rorke - BA, PhD
Hubbes, Martin - PhD
Nautiyal, Jagdish - BSc, MF, PhD
Roy, Dibyendu - BSc, MA, DPhil
Timmer, Victor - BScF, MScF, PhD

Associate Members

Cole, William - BScF, MScF, PhD
Jaffer, Shaffiq - BSChE, PhD
Kenney, Andrew - BSc, MSc, PhD
Koven, Anne - PhD
Laaksonen-Craig, Susanna - MSc, PhD
Nayak, Sanjay K. - BSc, MSc, PhD, DSc
Omar Faruk, Abu - PhD
Puric-Mladenovic, Danijela - PhD
Ray, Justina - BS, MS, PhD
Regniere, Jacques - BSc, PhD
Sastry, Cherla - BSc, MSc, PhD
Singh, Ashbindu - PhD
Spiecker, Heinrich - MSc, PhD
Stocks, Brian - BScF, MScF
Wang, Sen - BA, MSc, PhD
Wetzel, Suzanne - BScF, PhD
Wilson, Edward - BScF, BScF, BMedSc
Woolford, Douglas - BSc, MMath, PhD

Forestry: Forest Conservation MFC

Master of Forest Conservation​

Program Description

The professionally oriented MFC is an intensive 16-month course-based program with a strong focus on field and laboratory practical training, Canadian and international field courses, practical internships, and individual and group research. It provides a strong, coherent professional education in forest conservation to students from diverse educational backgrounds.

The MFC program can be taken on a full-time, extended full-time, or part-time basis.

 

Full-Time Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Forestry's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university with an average in each of the final two years of at least mid-B. The MFC program is intended for students with a strong undergraduate background in ecology, environmental sciences, forestry, natural sciences, biology, physical geography, geology, agricultural science, or relevant social sciences. Students from other disciplines will be considered by the Faculty.

  • Additional documentation must be submitted to the department with the completed application form, including transcripts, three references, a letter of interest in the MFC program, and a resumé. Full instructions and forms are available on the Faculty of Forestry website.

Program Requirements

  • The program starts in September and requires full-time intensive involvement throughout.

  • Successful completion of 7.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • 6.0 required FCEs in FOR courses. 

    • 1.5 elective FCEs.

      • Elective course selection will include the successful completion of one field course (0.5 FCE) from either FOR 3011H, FOR 1585H, or, in unusual circumstances, another related field course appropriate to the program and approved by the graduate coordinator.

  • Expected chronology:

    • ​​​​Year 1: Fall

      • ​​​FOR 3000H Current Issues in Forest Conservation

      • FOR 3001H Biodiversity of Forest Organisms

      • FOR 3002H Applied Forest Ecology and Silviculture

      • FOR 3003H Economics of Forest Ecosystems

      • FOR 3012H Analytical Methods in Forestry

    • Year 1: Spring

      • ​​FOR 3004H Forest Management Decision Support Systems

      • FOR 3005H Stresses in the Forest Environment

      • FOR 3009H Forest Conservation Biology

      • FOR 3010H Society and Forest Conservation

    • ​​​​Year 1: Summer

      • ​​​FOR 3007H Internship in Forest Conservation

      • FOR 3011H International Forest Conservation Field Camp or FOR 1585H Urban Forest Conservation Field Camp or, in unusual circumstances, alternate eligible field course (0.5 elective FCE)

    • ​​Year 2: Fall

      • ​​​FOR 3006H Case Study Analysis in Forest Management

      • FOR 3008H Capstone Project in Forest Conservation

  • Students may take the remaining 1.0 elective FCE in any session of their program for a total program requirement of 7.5 FCEs.

Program Length

4 sessions (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F)

Time Limit

3 years

 

Extended Full-Time Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Forestry's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university with an average in each of the final two years of at least mid-B. The MFC program is intended for students with a strong undergraduate background in ecology, environmental sciences, forestry, natural sciences, biology, physical geography, geology, agricultural science, or relevant social sciences. Students from other disciplines will be considered by the Faculty.

  • Additional documentation must be submitted to the department with the completed application form, including transcripts, three references, a letter of interest in the MFC program, and a resumé. Full instructions and forms are available on the Faculty of Forestry website.

Program Requirements

  • Full-time students can elect an extended full-time (EFT) option. Under this option, students are allowed an extra year to complete their studies while paying the same academic fees as regular full-time students. Students would, however, pay full-time incidental fees for each year of registration. EFT option students must complete FOR 3000H, FOR 3001H, and FOR 3012H in their first session. The remaining MFC course requirements can be completed in any order except that FOR 3007H must be taken in the final Summer session and FOR 3008H must be taken in the final Fall session.

  • Successful completion of 7.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • 6.0 required FCEs in FOR courses

      • FOR 3000H Current Issues in Forest Conservation

      • FOR 3001H Biodiversity of Forest Organisms

      • FOR 3002H Applied Forest Ecology and Silviculture

      • FOR 3003H Economics of Forest Ecosystems

      • FOR 3012H Analytical Methods in Forestry

      • ​​FOR 3004H Forest Management Decision Support Systems​

      • FOR 3005H Stresses in the Forest Environment

      • FOR 3009H Forest Conservation Biology

      • FOR 3010H Society and Forest Conservation

      • ​​​​​FOR 3006H Case Study Analysis in Forest Management

      • FOR 3007H Internship in Forest Conservation

      • FOR 3008H Capstone Project in Forest Conservation

    • 1.5 elective FCEs:

      • Elective course selection will include the successful completion of one field course (0.5 FCE) from either FOR 3011H International Forest Conservation Field Camp or FOR 1585H Urban Forest Conservation Field Camp or, in unusual circumstances, another related field course appropriate to the program and approved by the graduate coordinator.

      • Students may take the remaining 1.0 elective FCE in any session of their program.

Program Length

7 sessions (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S/F);

Time Limit

3 years

 

Part-Time Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Forestry's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university with an average in each of the final two years of at least mid-B. The MFC program is intended for students with a strong undergraduate background in ecology, environmental sciences, forestry, natural sciences, biology, physical geography, geology, agricultural science, or relevant social sciences. Students from other disciplines will be considered by the Faculty.

  • Additional documentation must be submitted to the department with the completed application form, including transcripts, three references, a letter of interest in the MFC program, and a resumé. Full instructions and forms are available on the Faculty of Forestry website.

Program Requirements

  • Part-time students must register for FOR 3001H Biodiversity of Forest Organisms and FOR 3012H Analytical Methods in Forestry in the Fall session of Year 1. They must complete a minimum of 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) of core courses prior to registering for FOR 3011H International Forest Conservation Field Camp. The remaining MFC course requirements can be completed in any order except that FOR 3007H must be taken in the final Summer session and FOR 3008H must be taken in the final Fall session.

  • Successful completion of 7.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • 6.0 FCEs in FOR courses:

      • FOR 3000H Current Issues in Forest Conservation

      • FOR 3001H Biodiversity of Forest Organisms

      • FOR 3002H Applied Forest Ecology and Silviculture

      • FOR 3003H Economics of Forest Ecosystems

      • FOR 3012H Analytical Methods in Forestry

      • ​​FOR 3004H Forest Management Decision Support Systems

      • FOR 3005H Stresses in the Forest Environment

      • FOR 3009H Forest Conservation Biology

      • FOR 3010H Society and Forest Conservation

      • ​​​FOR 3006H Case Study Analysis in Forest Management

      • FOR 3007H Internship in Forest Conservation

      • FOR 3008H Capstone Project in Forest Conservation

    • 1.5 elective FCEs:

      • Elective course selection will include the successful completion of one field course (0.5 FCE) from either FOR 3011H International Forest Conservation Field Camp or FOR 1585H Urban Forest Conservation Field Camp or, in unusual circumstances, another related field course appropriate to the program and approved by the graduate coordinator.

      • Students may take the remaining 1.0 elective FCE in any session of their program.

​​​​​​Program Length

12 sessions

Time Limit

6 years

Forestry: Forestry MScF

Master of Science in Forestry

Program Description

The MScF is a research- and thesis-based program in areas relevant to faculty expertise and funding. These include forest conservation biology and wildlife ecology, forest biosphere science, invasive species and threats to forest health, environmental sustainability of managed forests, fire and ecosystem management, forest conservation planning, sustainable development and economics, political ecology and governance of forests, social and cultural ecology of forest ecosystems, urban forestry, and forest biomaterials science and engineering.

The Faculty considers applicants from a variety of undergraduate backgrounds including forestry; applied science and engineering; and social, physical, and biological sciences.

 

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Forestry's additional admission requirements stated below. 

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university, with a final-year average of at least mid-B. A minimum of B+ is required for the collaborative specialization.

  • Additional documentation must be submitted to the department with a completed application form, including transcripts, three references, a letter of intent, a resumé, and a writing sample. Full instructions and forms are available on the Faculty of Forestry website.

Program Requirements

  • Minimal requirements for this degree are:

    • 1.0 full-course equivalent (FCE) as follows:

      • ​​FOR 1001H Graduate Seminar (0.5 FCE) plus

      • 0.5 FCE elective.

      • Depending on the student's background, additional or alternative coursework may be required.

    • The preparation of a research thesis of acceptable quality and its oral defence.

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

Forestry: Forestry PhD

​Doctor of Philosophy​

Program Description

The PhD is a research- and thesis-based program in areas relevant to faculty expertise and funding. These include forest conservation biology and wildlife ecology, forest biosphere science, invasive species and threats to forest health, environmental sustainability of managed forests, fire and ecosystem management, forest conservation planning, sustainable development and economics, political ecology and governance of forests, social and cultural ecology of forest ecosystems, urban forestry, and forest biomaterials science and engineering.

The Faculty considers applicants from a variety of backgrounds including forestry; applied science and engineering; and social, physical, and biological sciences.

Applicants may enter the PhD program via one of three routes: 1) following completion of an appropriate master’s degree; 2) transfer from the University of Toronto MScF program; or 3) direct entry following completion of an appropriate bachelor’s degree.

 

PhD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Forestry's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants may be admitted to the four-year PhD program via completion of an appropriate master's degree from a recognized university with at least an A- standing, in a discipline appropriate to the intended field of doctoral study and research.

  • Applicants must submit additional documentation to the department with completed application form, including transcripts, three references, a letter of intent, a resumé, and a writing sample. Full instructions and forms are available on the Faculty of Forestry website​.

Program Requirements

  • Successful completion of 2.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • A minimum of three elective half courses (1.5 FCEs) must be taken. Depending on the student's background and academic goals, additional or alternative coursework may be required by the student's supervisory committee, including courses outside the Faculty of Forestry.

    • FOR 1001H Graduate Seminar (0.5 FCE).

  • Successful completion of a qualifying appraisal examination. The examination will be oral and will ordinarily be taken prior to the completion of 16 months in the program. There are three possible outcomes: pass, decision deferred pending supplementary undertakings, or unsatisfactory. If there is more than one negative vote, the outcome will be judged unsatisfactory. Students are permitted one further attempt.

  • Preparation and defence of a thesis that is an original and independent research work adding signifi​cantly to the existing body of knowledge.

Program Length​

4 years

Time Limit

6 years

 

PhD Program (Transfer)

Transfer Requirements

  • Under certain specific conditions, outstanding registered MScF students may be considered by the end of Year 1 in the MScF program for transfer to the PhD program.

Program Requirements

  • Successful completion of 2.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • A minimum of three elective half courses (1.5 FCEs) must be taken. To meet this requirement, students can use courses completed towards meeting MScF program requirements. Depending on the student's background and academic goals, additional or alternative coursework may be required by the student's supervisory committee, including courses outside the Faculty of Forestry.

    • FOR 1001H Graduate Seminar (0.5 FCE). Students require credit for FOR 1001H only once.

  • Successful completion of a qualifying appraisal examination. The examination will be oral and will ordinarily be taken prior to the completion of 16 months in the program. There are three possible outcomes: pass, decision deferred pending supplementary undertakings, or unsatisfactory. If there is more than one negative vote, the outcome will be judged unsatisfactory. Students are permitted one further attempt.

  • Preparation and defence of a thesis that is an original and independent research work adding signifi​cantly to the existing body of knowledge.

Program Length​

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

 

PhD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Forestry's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • In exceptional circumstances, an extraordinarily strong applicant with an appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university may be admitted to the PhD program via direct entry.

  • Applicants must submit additional documentation to the department with completed application form, including transcripts, three references, a letter of intent, a resumé, and a writing sample. Full instructions and forms are available on the Faculty of Forestry website​.

Program Requirements

  • Successful completion of 2.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • A minimum of three elective half courses (1.5 FCEs) must be taken. Depending on the student's background and academic goals, additional or alternative coursework may be required by the student's supervisory committee, including courses outside the Faculty of Forestry.

    • FOR 1001H Graduate Seminar (0.5 FCE).

  • Successful completion of a qualifying appraisal examination. The examination will be oral and will ordinarily be taken prior to the completion of 16 months in the program. There are three possible outcomes: pass, decision deferred pending supplementary undertakings, or unsatisfactory. If there is more than one negative vote, the outcome will be judged unsatisfactory. Students are permitted one further attempt.

  • Preparation and defence of a thesis that is an original and independent research work adding signifi​cantly to the existing body of knowledge.

Program Length​

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

Forestry: Forestry MFC, MScF, PhD Courses

The Faculty of Forestry offers the following courses. Courses in the 3000 number series are expected to be offered each year; 1000-level courses may be withdrawn in any particular year, depending on student interest/need and departmental resources. Students should consult the departmental website each session to confirm availability. A maximum of one directed studies course taken with a student's supervisor can be credited towards meeting departmental degree program requirements.

​FOR 1001H0
Graduate Seminar (Credit/No Credit)​
​FOR 1270H
Forest Biomaterial Sciences: Fundamentals, Applications, and the Next Frontier​​
​FOR 1288H​
Design and Manufacturing of Biomaterials​​
​FOR 1294H
​​Bioenergy and Biorefinery Technology
​​FOR 1412H
​Natural Resource Management I (Directed Studies Course)
FOR 1413H
​Natural Resource Management II (Directed Studies Course)
​FOR 1416H
​Forest Fire Danger Rating
​​​FOR 1575H
Urban Forest Conservation​
​FOR 1585H
​Urban Forest Conservation Field Camp
​JFG 1610H
​Sustainable Forest Management and Certification
​FOR 1900H
​Advanced Topics in Forestry I (Directed Studies Course)
​FOR 1901H
Advanced Topics in Forestry II (Directed Studies Course)​
​FOR 3000H
​Current Issues in Forest Conservation
​FOR 3001H
Biodiversity of Forest Organisms​
​FOR 3002H
​Applied Forest Ecology and Silviculture
​FOR 3003H
​Economics of Forest Ecosystems
​FOR 3004H
​Forest Management Decision Support Systems
​FOR 3005H
​Stresses in the Forest ​Environment
​FOR 3006H
​Case Study Analysis in Forest Management
​FOR 3007H+
​Internship in Forest Conservation (Credit/ No Credit)
​FOR 3008H
​Capstone Project in Forest Conservation
​FOR 3009H
Forest Conservation Biology​
​FOR 3010H
​Society and Forest Conservation
​FOR 3011H
​International Forest Conservation Field Camp (Credit/No Credit)
​FOR 3012H
​Analytical Methods in Forestry​

​0 Course that may continue over a program. The co​urse is graded when completed.

+ Extended course. For academic reasons, coursework is extended into session following academic session in which course is offered.