Law

Law: Introduction

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Faculty Affiliation

Law

Degree Programs

Law

​​LLM
Concentrations:
Business Law
Criminal Law
Health Law, Ethics and Policy
Legal Theory​
MSL  
SJD
 

​ Global Professional Law

​GPLLM​​
Concentrations:
Business Law
Canadian Law in a Global Context
Innovation, Law and Technology
Law of Leadership

Dual Degree Programs

LLB (National University of Singapore) / LLM (University of Toronto)

Collaborative Specializations

The following collaborative specializations are available to students in participating degree programs as listed below:

  1. Bioethics
    • Law, LLM, SJD
  2. Global Health
    • Law, SJD
  3. Jewish Studies
    • Law, LLM, ​MSL, SJD
  4. Sexual Diversity Studies
    • Law, LLM, MSL, SJD
  5. Women and Gender Studies
    • Law, LLM, SJD

Overview

The international reputation of the law school’s faculty, their breadth of interests and approaches, and the intensive intellectual atmosphere create outstanding opportunities for graduate students pursuing advanced degrees.

Law faculty members are some of the finest doctrinal and theoretical legal scholars in public and private law. The diversity of research interests amongst the faculty allows them to supervise graduate research in almost all areas of legal scholarship. The pluralistic academic community invites a variety of approaches to legal scholarship including, but not limited to, feminism and the law, law and economics, legal history, law and society, analytical jurisprudence, and critical legal theory. Over a third of the faculty are cross-appointed to other units—a commitment to interdisciplinary scholarship which encourages students to position their legal research within a broader, interdisciplinary context.

Strong relationships with faculty members are forged by the supervisory relationship, as well as through numerous informal opportunities to interact with faculty. The many workshops, lecture series, seminars and roundtables foster a dynamic intellectual environment. Through the Distinguished Visiting Faculty program, students have the opportunity to meet with and learn from some of the world’s finest legal scholars.

In addition to the formal study program, graduate students can participate in internships through Pro Bono Students Canada and the International Human Rights Program.
Inquiries should be directed to the Graduate Program Coordinator, Graduate Program, Faculty of Law at the address below.

Contact and Address

LLM, MSL, and SJD Program Inquiries

Web: www.law.utoronto.ca/academic-programs/graduate-programs
Email: law.graduate@utoronto.ca
Telephone: (416) 978-0213
Fax: (416) 978-7899

Faculty of Law
University of Toronto
Falconer Hall, 84 Queen's Park West
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5
Canada

GPLLM Program Inquiries

Web: http://gpllm.law.utoronto.ca/
Email: gpllm@utoronto.ca

Faculty of Law
University of Toronto
Falconer Hall, 84 Queen's Park West
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5
Canada

Law: Graduate Faculty

Full Members

Alarie, Benjamin - LLB, AB, LLM, MA, Osler Chair in Business Law
Anand, Anita - BA, LLB, MA, LLM
Austin, Lisa - BA, BSc, LLB, MA
Benson, Peter - LLB, LLM, PhD
Brudner, Alan S - BA, MA, PhD
Brunnée, Jutta - LLM, SJD, Metcalf Chair in Environmental Law (Acting Associate Dean, Graduate Program - August 15 to December 31, 2017)
Chapman, Bruce - BA, LLB, PhD
Chiao, Vincent - BA, PhD, JD
Choudhry, Sujit - LLB, LLM
Cook, Rebecca - BA, LLM, MA, MPA, JD, SJD
Cossman, Brenda - LLB, LLM
Dawood, Yasmin - BA, MA, JD, PhD, CRC
Dewees, Donald - LLB, BScEE, PhD
Drassinower, Abraham - BPhil, LLB, MA, PhD
Dubber, Markus - AB, JD
Duggan, Anthony - BA, LLB, LLM, LLD
Dyzenhaus, David - BA, LLB, DPhil
Emon, Anver - LLB, BA, LLM, MA, PhD, SJD, CRC
Fadel, Mohammad - BA, JD, PhD
Fernandez, Angela - LLB, BA, BCL, LLM, MA, SJD
Flood, Colleen - LLB, LLM, SJD
Green, Andrew - LLB, BA, LLM, MA, PhD
Iacobucci, Edward - LLB, MPH, James Marshall Tory Dean's Chair (Dean)
Katz, Ariel - LLB, LLM, SJD, Chair in Electronic Commerce
Katz, Larissa - BA, LLB, LLM, SJD, CRC
Knop, Karen - BSc, LLB, LLM, SJD
Langille, Brian A - LLB, BCL, BA
Lee, Ian - LLB, BCom, LLM
Lemmens, Trudo - LLM, DCL, Dr. William M Scholl Chair in Health Law and Policy
Macintosh, Jeffrey - BSc, LLB, LLM, Toronto Stock Exchange Chair in Capital Markets
Macklem, Patrick - BA, LLB, LLM
Macklin, Audrey - BSc, LLB, LLM, Chair in International Human Rights Law
Moran, Mayo - BA, LLB, LLM, SJD
Moreau, Sophia - BA, BPhil, PhD, JD
Nedelsky, Jennifer R - BA, MA, PhD
Niblett, Anthony - BCom, PhD, CRC
Phillips, James - LLB, MA, PhD
Prado, Mariana - LLB, LLM, SJD (Associate Dean, Graduate Program - beginning January 1, 2018)
Reaume, Denise - BA, LLB, BCL
Ripstein, Arthur S - BA, MA, LLM, PhD
Rittich, Kerry - BAMus, LLB, SJD
Roach, Kent - BA, LLB, LLM
Rogerson, Carol - BA, LLB, MA, LLM
Satterthwaite, Emily - BEc, LLM, MA, JD
Schneiderman, David - BA, LLB, LLM
Shachar, Ayelet - LLB, BA, LLM, SJD
Shaffer, Martha - LLB, LLM, MAcct
Stern, Simon - BA, PhD, JD
Stewart, Hamish - BA, LLB, MA, PhD
Thorburn, Malcolm - BA, MA, LLM, JD, SJD
Trebilcock, Michael - LLB, LLM
Valcke, Catherine - BCL, LLB, LLM, SJD
Valverde, Mariana - BA, MA, PhD, FRSC
Waddams, Stephen - BA, LLB, BA, LLM, PhD, SJD, Goodman/Schipper Chair
Weinrib, Ernest - BA, LLB, PhD
Weinrib, Lorraine - BA, LLB, LLM
Yoon, Albert - BA, LLB, MA, PhD

Members Emeriti

Dickens, Bernard - LLB, LLM, PhD
Friedland, Martin - BCom, LLB, PhD

Associate Members

Hirschl, Ran - BA, LLB, MA, MPH, PhD, CRC
Regehr, Cheryl - AB, MA, PhD
Sanderson, Douglas - BA, LLM, JD
Spade, Dean - BA, JD

Law: Law LLM

Master of Laws

Program Description

The Master of Laws (LLM) is a one-year degree program that provides students with an opportunity for more profound study beyond their first law degree.

The LLM program can be thesis-intensive (with both a short or long thesis option) or coursework-only. The short and long thesis options are for law students who have demonstrated a strong potential for advanced research and original scholarship. The coursework-only option is for law students who wish to specialize in a specific area of law or explore common law at an advanced level.

Within the LLM program, students also have the option of applying to pursue one of four areas of concentration:

  • an LLM with a Concentration in Business Law
  • an LLM with a Concentration in Criminal Law
  • an LLM with a Concentration in Health Law, Ethics, and Policy
  • an LLM with a Concentration in Legal Theory.

Students accepted into a concentration will receive a designation on their transcript. There are a limited number of spots available for students in each of the areas of concentration, and acceptance into the concentrations will be competitive.

The program is completed on a full-time basis. Part-time registration may be considered in exceptional circumstances.

 

LLM Program (No Concentration): Thesis Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree from a recognized university, or the international equivalent of a law degree if from a foreign institution. Applicants must have a minimum B+ average. Preference will be given to applicants who maintain this average throughout their legal studies, i.e., during the course of their entire law degree. 

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of having taken one of the following tests:

    • the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on each section.

    • the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

Program Requirements

  • A course of studies and a thesis which, combined, are valued at 24 credit hours (equivalent to 6.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]).

    • The course of studies shall involve a minimum of 8 credit hours (equivalent to 2.0 FCEs) of coursework and a maximum of 20 credit hours (equivalent to 5.0 FCEs) of coursework.

    • The thesis shall involve a minimum of 4 credit hours, equivalent to 1.0 FCE, (in which case the thesis will generally be expected to be 50 to 60 pages double-spaced, approximately 15,000 to 18,000 words). The maximum is 16 credit hours, equivalent to 4.0 FCEs (in which case the thesis will generally be expected to be between 100 and 150 pages double-spaced, approximately 30,000 to 45,000 words).

  • Mandatory graduate seminar for all students in the LLM program, whether or not they are writing a thesis or pursuing a concentration: LAW 7572H LLM Seminar (0.25 FCE).

  • Mandatory graduate seminar for all students in the LLM program who are writing a thesis, whether or not they are pursuing a concentration: LAW 1000H Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship (0.75 FCE).

  • All coursework and the thesis shall be graded using the graduate grading scale as outlined in the University Assessment and Grading Practices Policy.

  • In determining the composition of the course of studies and the weight to be given to a thesis, the Faculty of Law will endeavour to structure a program designed to accommodate an individual student and the subject matter of the thesis. However, such course of studies and the weight of the thesis shall at all times be determined by the Faculty.

  • For those writing a thesis, the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the academic year of attendance; the thesis must be completed by July 31 of the academic year of attendance.

  • With approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies, Law, the program may be taken on a part-time basis over two years, in which case the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the second academic year of attendance; the thesis must be completed by July 31 of the second academic year of attendance.

  • Residence. Students must be in attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

 

LLM Program (No Concentration): Coursework-Only Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree from a recognized university, or the international equivalent of a law degree if from a foreign institution. Applicants must have a minimum B+ average. Preference will be given to applicants who maintain this average throughout their legal studies, i.e., during the course of their entire law degree. 

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of having taken one of the following tests:

    • the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on each section.

    • the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

Program Requirements

  • A course of studies valued at 28 credit hours (equivalent to 7.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]). In addition, students pursuing this option must designate one course as their designated writing requirement course. Only courses requiring one or more written assignments of at least 3,500 words (combined) will qualify as designated writing requirement courses. LAW 1000H and LAW 7077H do not qualify as designated writing requirement courses.

  • Mandatory graduate seminar for all students in the LLM program, whether or not they are writing a thesis or pursuing a concentration: LAW 7572H LLM Seminar (0.25 FCE);

  • All coursework shall be graded using the graduate grading scale as outlined in the University Assessment and Grading Practices Policy.

  • In determining the composition of the course of studies, the Faculty of Law will endeavour to structure a program designed to accommodate an individual student. However, such course of studies shall at all times be determined by the Faculty.

  • The coursework requirements for all courses apart from the designated writing requirement course must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the academic year of attendance; the writing requirement must be fulfilled by July 31 of the academic year of attendance. 

  • With approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies, Law, the program may be taken on a part-time basis over two years, in which case the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the second academic year of attendance; the writing requirement must be completed by July 31 of the second academic year of attendance.

  • Continuation in Year 2 of the part-time LLM program is subject to the Faculty of Law's determination that the student has made satisfactory progress in Year 1 of the part-time LLM.

  • Residence. Students must be in attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

 

LLM Program (With a Concentration): Thesis Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree from a recognized university, or the international equivalent of a law degree if from a foreign institution. Applicants must have a minimum B+ average. Preference will be given to applicants who maintain this average throughout their legal studies, i.e., during the course of their entire law degree. 

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of having taken one of the following tests:

    • the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on each section.

    • the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

  • Students applying to one of the four areas of concentration must address their interest in the area of concentration in their statement of interest/personal statement. Applicants must substantiate their interest in and suitability for the particular area of concentration through this statement, their letters of reference, and a research proposal. Students may only apply to one of the areas of concentration.

Program Requirements

  • The total number of credits to be completed, through a combination of a course of studies and the thesis, is 24 credits (6.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]). The thesis shall involve a minimum of 4 credit hours (1.0 FCE), and a maximum of 16 credit hours (4.0 FCEs), and must be in the area of concentration.

  • For students completing a 4-credit thesis and pursuing a concentration: 

    • at least 8 credits of coursework must be taken from a list of courses in the area of concentration, which will be provided annually on the program website; 

    • the remaining required credits can be taken through courses either within or outside the area of concentration.

  • For students completing a 16-credit thesis and pursuing a concentration:

    • the thesis must be in the area of concentration; 

    • in addition, at least 2 course credits (0.5 FCE) must be completed from a list of courses in the area of concentration, which will be provided annually on the program website; 

    • the remaining credits can be taken through courses either within or outside the area of concentration.

  • Students pursuing the concentration in Legal Theory must complete the mandatory 3-credit course LAW 7081H Foundations of Legal Theory (0.75 FCE). This course will count towards the credits required for the area of concentration.

  • Mandatory graduate seminar for all students in the LLM program, whether or not they are writing a thesis or pursuing a concentration: LAW 7572H LLM Seminar (0.25 FCE).

  • Mandatory graduate seminar for all students in the LLM program who are writing a thesis, whether or not they are pursuing a concentration: LAW 1000H Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship (0.75 FCE).

  • All coursework and the thesis shall be graded using the graduate grading scale as outlined in the University Assessment and Grading Practices Policy.

  • In determining the composition of the course of studies and the weight to be given to a thesis, the Faculty of Law will endeavour to structure a program designed to accommodate an individual student and the subject matter of the thesis. However, such course of studies and the weight of the thesis shall at all times be determined by the Faculty.

  • For those writing a thesis, the coursework requirements must be completed by  the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the academic year of attendance; the thesis must be completed by July 31 of the academic year of attendance.

  • With approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies, Law, the program may be taken on a part-time basis over two years, in which case the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the second academic year of attendance; the thesis must be completed by July 31 of the second academic year of attendance.

  • Residence. Students must be in attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

 

LLM Program (With a Concentration): Coursework-Only Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree from a recognized university, or the international equivalent of a law degree if from a foreign institution. Applicants must have a minimum B+ average. Preference will be given to applicants who maintain this average throughout their legal studies, i.e., during the course of their entire law degree. 

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of having taken one of the following tests:

    • the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on each section.

    • the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

  • Students applying to one of the four areas of concentration must address their interest in the area of concentration in their statement of interest/personal statement. Applicants must substantiate their interest in and suitability for the particular area of concentration through this statement, and their two letters of reference. Students may only apply to one of the areas of concentration. Students may be admitted into the LLM program without a concentration.

Program Requirements

  • The total number of credits will be 28 credit hours (7.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]), and one of the courses must be a designated writing requirement course in the area of concentration. Only courses requiring one or more written assignments of at least 3,500 words (combined) will qualify as designated writing requirement courses. LAW 1000H and LAW 7077H do not qualify as writing requirement courses. At least 12 of the credits must be completed from a list of courses in the area of concentration which will be provided annually on the program website.

  • Students pursuing the concentration in Legal Theory must complete the mandatory 3-credit course, LAW 7081H Foundations of Legal Theory (0.75 FCE). This course will count towards the credits required for the area of concentration.

  • Mandatory graduate seminar for all students in the LLM program, whether or not they are writing a thesis or pursuing a concentration: LAW 7572H LLM Seminar (0.25 FCE).

  • All coursework shall be graded using the graduate grading scale as outlined in the University Assessment and Grading Practices Policy.

  • In determining the composition of the course of study, the Faculty of Law will endeavour to structure a program designed to accommodate an individual student. However, such course of studies shall at all times be determined by the Faculty.

  • The coursework requirements for all courses apart from the designated writing requirement course must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the academic year of attendance; the writing requirement must be fulfilled by July 31 of the academic year of attendance. 

  • With approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies, Law, the program may be taken on a part-time basis over two years, in which case the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the second academic year of attendance; the writing requirement must be completed by July 31 of the second academic year of attendance.

  • Continuation in Year 2 of the part-time LLM program is subject to the Faculty of Law's determination that the student has made satisfactory progress in Year 1 of the part-time LLM studies.

  • Residence. Students must be in attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

 

Dual Degree Program: Bachelor of Laws (National University of Singapore) / Master of Laws (University of Toronto)

Program Description

This dual degree program is offered as part of the LLM’s coursework-only option, with or without a concentration. Students are not eligible to take the thesis option. The four areas of concentration are: Business Law; Criminal Law; Health Law, Ethics, and Policy; and Legal Theory. 

Students complete three years of a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) from the National University of Singapore (NUS), and in Year 4 complete the LLM degree at the University of Toronto. Students complete the LLB and LLM degrees in four years rather than the five it would take to attain them separately. See the LLM requirements above.

Upon successful completion of the degree requirements of both programs, students receive a Bachelor of Laws degree and a Master of Laws degree.

Contact

Bachelor of Laws Program
Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore
Email: lawUGadm@nus.edu.sg

Master of Laws Program
Faculty of Law, University of Toronto
Email: law.graduate@utoronto.ca

Application Process

  • Initial consideration for admission to the dual degree program will be based on the applicant’s performance during the first three terms of the NUS LLB program.

  • All offers of admission to the dual degree program will be conditional upon successful completion of all Year 1, 2, and 3 requirements of the LLB program before starting the LLM program.

  • Applicants are eligible for admission to the LLM’s coursework-only option, with or without a concentration.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Successful completion of the first three years of the NUS LLB program, with the equivalent of a B+ average. Preference will be given to those who maintain this average throughout their legal studies.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of having taken one of the following tests:

    • the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on each section.

    • the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

  • Students applying to one of the four areas of concentration must address their interest in the area of concentration in their statement of interest/personal statement. Applicants must substantiate their interest in and suitability for the particular area of concentration through this statement, and their two letters of reference. Students may only apply to one of the areas of concentration. Students may be admitted into the LLM program without a concentration.

  • Residence. Students must be in attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).

Law: Law MSL

Master of Studies in Law

Program Description

The Master of Studies in Law (MSL) program is designed for scholars with no prior training in law who wish to acquire a legal education and knowledge of law in order to add a legal dimension to scholarship in their own discipline.

 

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • At least a master's degree, and preferably a doctorate, from a recognized university with a demonstrated high level of scholarship in a discipline related to law. Applicants must have a least a B+ average. Preference will be given to applicants who have maintained this average throughout their studies.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must write the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

    • paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on each section.

  • The International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

Program Requirements

  • The student must pursue a course of studies approved by the Faculty​.

    • The course of studies will comprise at least 28 credit hours (7.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]), and not more than 32 credit hours (8.0 FCEs), and will include at least three of the following subjects: contracts, torts, property, criminal law, constitutional law, and civil procedure. One of the courses must be a designated writing requirement course. Only courses requiring one or more written assignments of at least 3,500 words (combined) will qualify as a designated writing requirement course.

    • A mandatory graduate seminar: LAW 1000H Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship (0.75 FCE).

    • In no circumstance will courses taken in the MSL program be accredited for the Juris Doctor (JD) program.

  • Residence. Students must be in full-time attendance for two academic sessions (eight months).

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

Law: Law SJD

Doctor of Juridical Science

Program Description

The Doctor of Juridical Science (SJD) is a thesis degree program for outstanding law students seeking to pursue careers in teaching, policy, and research. Students receive a guaranteed funding package for three years. Inquiries should be directed to the Graduate Program Coordinator, Graduate Program, Faculty of Law at the address above.

Applicants may enter the SJD program via one of two routes: 1) following completion of an appropriate Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree and a Master of Laws; or 2) direct entry following completion of an appropriate Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree.

 

SJD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree and a Master of Laws degree from a recognized university, or the equivalent of each degree from an international institution. A minimum B+ average is required in each degree.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must write the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

    • ​​​paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test. 

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Students must complete the mandatory graduate seminar LAW 1000H Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship (0.75 full-course equivalents [FCEs]).

    • Other coursework requirements are optional and shall be determined upon consultation with the supervisor. All coursework shall be subject to the approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies, Law.

  • Area requirement. Before being allowed to proceed with formal research on a thesis topic, a student must demonstrate competence in a broader area within which the topic falls. An Individual Area Committee (established by the student and approved by the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies, Law) assists in framing that area and compiling an appropriate plan for carrying out the research. ​The research undertaken by the student either culminates in a written exam, based on the reading list, or else consists of a research project which is either a draft of a chapter of the thesis, or an overview of the general argument. Both paths lead to an oral exam based on the written work and the reading list. Normally, a student will have satisfied the area requirement by the end of Year 1 of registration.

  • Research and writing. A student will not be allowed to continue in the doctoral program, where, in the opinion of the Area Committee, the student is not capable of demonstrating the capacity for independent legal research and writing at an advanced level.

  • Thesis. Following completion of the area requirements, a thesis must be prepared which, in the opinion of the Faculty of Law, constitutes a distinct contribution to legal research or scholarship, and the student must pass a Doctoral Final Oral Examination based on the thesis.

    • The thesis must be completed within five years from the date of enrolment in the program.

    • No candidate will be recommended for the degree until the thesis has been approved by the Faculty of Law and is presented in publishable form, as described in the PhD regulations in this calendar.

  • Residence. Students must be in full-time attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months):

    • September to April for those starting the program in September or

    • January to April and September to December for those starting the program in January.

Program Length

3 years

Time Limit

5 years

 

SJD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree from a recognized university, or the equivalent of a law degree from an international institution. A minimum A- average is required. Preference will be given to applicants who maintain this average throughout their legal studies, i.e., during the course of their entire law degree.

  • The Associate Dean, Graduate Studies, Law has the discretion to permit direct entry into the SJD following completion of the Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree where the Graduate Committee is satisfied that the applicant's law record demonstrates excellent potential for independent legal research and writing at an advanced level.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must write the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

    • ​​​paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

  • The International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Students must complete at least 8 credit hours (2.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]). This includes the mandatory graduate seminar LAW 1000H Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship (0.75 FCE).

    • All coursework shall be subject to the approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies, Law.

  • Area requirement. Before being allowed to proceed with formal research on a thesis topic, a student must demonstrate competence in a broader area within which the topic falls. An Individual Area Committee (established by the student and approved by the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies, Law) assists in framing that area and compiling an appropriate plan for carrying out the research. ​The research undertaken by the student either culminates in a written exam, based on the reading list, or else consists of a research project which is either a draft of a chapter of the thesis, or an overview of the general argument. Both paths lead to an oral exam based on the written work and the reading list. Normally, a student will have satisfied the area requirement by the end of Year 1 of registration.

  • Research and writing. A student will not be allowed to continue in the doctoral program, where, in the opinion of the Area Committee, the student is not capable of demonstrating the capacity for independent legal research and writing at an advanced level.

  • Thesis. Following completion of the area requirements, a thesis must be prepared which, in the opinion of the Faculty of Law, constitutes a distinct contribution to legal research or scholarship, and the student must pass a Doctoral Final Oral Examination based on the thesis.

    • The thesis must be completed within six years from the date of enrolment in the program.

    • No candidate will be recommended for the degree until the thesis has been approved by the Faculty of Law and is presented in publishable form, as described in the PhD regulations in this calendar.

  • Residence. Students must be in full-time attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months): 

    • September to April for those starting the program in September or

    • January to April and September to December for those starting the program in January.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

6 years

Law: Law LLM, MSL, SJD Courses

LAW 1000H
​Alternative Approache​​s to Legal Scholarship
​LAW 1001Y
First Year: Contracts Law​
​LAW 1002Y
​Contracts
LAW 1003Y
First Year: Criminal Law​
​LAW 1004Y
​Criminal Law​
​LAW 1005Y
​First Year: Property Law​
​LAW 1006Y
​Property
​LAW 1007Y
First Year: Torts Law​​
​LAW 1008Y
​Torts
​LAW 1009Y
First Year: Constitutional Law​​
​LAW 1010Y
​Constitutional Law​
​LAW 1011Y
​First Year: Constitutional Law​​
​LAW 2001H
Advanced Contracts: The Law of Contractual Interpretation​
​​LAW 2002H
​Advanced Corporate Law and Securities Regulation
LAW 2003H
Advanced Labour Law: Bargaining Rights and Following Rights in a Global Economy​
​LAW 2005H
The Art of the Deal​
​LAW 2007H
​Bankruptcy Law
​LAW 2008H
Business Organizations​
​LAW 2009Y
Canadian Income Tax Law​
​LAW 2010H
​Class Action Law​
LAW 2011H
Climate Change Law​
​LAW 2013H
​Competition Law and Intellectual Property​
​LAW 2014H
Competition Policy​
​​LAW 2015H
Contested Corporate Transactions
​LAW 2017Y
​Corporate Income Tax
​LAW 2018H​
​Corporate Transactions
LAW 2019H
Corporations, Individuals, and the State​
​LAW 2020H
​Digital Content and the Creative Economy​
​LAW 2021H
Economic and Social Regulation​
​LAW 2022H
Entertainment Law​​
​LAW 2023H
Environmental Law​
​LAW 2024Y
​Evidence
​LAW 2026H
​Franchise and Distribution Law​
​LAW 2027H
From Blueprints to Buildings: Legal Issues in the Construction Industry​
​LAW 2029H
​Governing Governance: Legal Institutions and Corporate Performance in Comparative Perspective
​LAW 2033H
Intensive: Key Concepts in Trademark Law​​​
​LAW 2035H
International Commercial and Investor-State Arbitration​
​LAW 2036H
International Investment Law​​​
​LAW 2037H
International Taxation​
​​​​​​LAW 2038H
International Trade Regulation​
​LAW 2039​H
​Investment and Growth in Emerging Markets
​LAW 2040Y
​Labour and Employment Law​
​LAW 2042H
Law of Good Governance and Ethics in Government and Business​​
​​LAW 2044H
Legal History of Money​
​LAW 2045H
Natural Resources and Energy Law​
​LAW 2046H
Negotiation​
LAW 2047H
​Patent and Trade Secrets Law
​LAW 2048H
​New Directions in Energy Regulation​
​LAW 2049H
Principle and Policy in Contract Law​
​LAW 2051H​
Real Estate Law​​
​LAW 2053Y
​Secured Transactions
​LAW 2054H
Securities Law in Adversarial Setting​
​LAW 2055H
​The Supreme Court of Canada: A Unique and Comprehensive View
​LAW 2056H​
Shareholder Activism​
​LAW 2057H
​Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility
​LAW 2059H
​Venture Capital Financing
​LAW 2060H
​Workshop: Innovation Law and Policy
​​LAW 2061H
​Intensive Course: Corporations, Individuals, and the State​
​LAW 2062H
Applied Corporate Law​
​LAW 2063H
​Banking, Negotiable Instruments, and Payment Mechanisms
​LAW 2064H
​Fundamental Themes in Securities Litigation Practice
​LAW 2065​H
​Innovation, Intellectual Property, and the Internet
​​LAW 2066H
​Law of International Business and Finance Transactions
​LAW 2067H
​Powering the Green Economy: New Directions in Energy Regulation​
​LAW 2068H
The Private Sector in Economic Development
​LAW 2069H
​Regulation of Financial Institutions
​LAW 2070Y
​Intellectual Property: Copyright, Trademark, and Patent
​LAW 2085Y
​Trusts
​LAW 3001H
Aboriginal Peoples and Canadian Criminal Justice​
​LAW 3002​H
Aboriginal Peoples and Canadian Criminal Justice Practicum
​LAW 3003H
​Advanced Constitutional Law: Comparative Remedial and Security Issues
​LAW 3004​H
Advanced Criminal Evidence​
​LAW 3005H
​Advanced Criminal Procedure and Charter Issues
​LAW 3007H
​Comparative Anti-terrorism and National Security Law
​LAW 3008H
Comparative Criminal Law​
​LAW 3012H
​Criminal Law Theory​
​LAW 3013Y
​Criminal Procedure​​
LAW 3014H
Criminalization: Use and Abuse​
​LAW 3015H
Criminalization in Historical and Theoretical Perspective​
​LAW 3017H
Financial Crimes​
​LAW 3018H
Forensic Evidence: Science, Medicine, and the Law​​
​LAW 3019H
History of Crime and Punishment​
​LAW 3020H
​Homicide
​LAW 3021H
Issues in Criminal Justice
​LAW 3023H
​Mentally Disordered Accused
​LAW 3025H
​Sentencing and Penal Policy
​LAW 3026H
​Women, Violence, and the Law​
​LAW 3027H
Wrongful Convictions​
​LAW 3028H
​Youth Criminal Justice
​LAW 3029H
​Crime and Punishment: Mandatory Minimums, the Death Penalty, and Other Current Debates​
​LAW 3030H
International ​Criminal Law​
​LAW 3031H
​Perspectives on Crime and Law​
​LAW 4001H
Law and Business in a Global Economy​
​LAW 4002H
Comparative Corporate Governance​​
​LAW 4003H
Securities Regulation and Corporate Finance​
​LAW 4004H
​Mergers and Acquisitions
​LAW 4005H
​Canadian and Cross-Border Issues in Corporate Tax
​LAW 4006H
​International Dispute Resolution
​LAW 4007H
Canadian Administrative Law​
​LAW 4008H
​Canadian Constitutional Law​
​LAW 4009H
​Canadian Criminal Law​​
​LAW 4010H
​Foundations of Canadian Law​
​LAW 4011H
Law and Policy of Public Private Partnerships
​LAW 4012H
Intellectual Property Law​
​LAW 4013H
Economic and Social Regulation and Competition Law​
​LAW 4014H
​International Insolvency Law
LAW 4015H
Organization of Transactional Legal Practice​
LAW 4016H​
​Corporate Social Responsibility, Ethics, and th​e Law
​LAW 4017H
​Professional Responsibility
​LAW 4018H​
​Foundations of Legal Theory
​LAW 4019H
​Anti-Corruption Law: International, Domestic, and Practical Perspectives​
​LAW 5002H
​Advanced Private Law​
LAW 5003H​​
Authorship and Copyright: Theory and History
​LAW 5004H
​Civil Law​
​LAW 5005H​​
​Comparative Constitutional Law and Politics
​LAW 5006H
​Comparative Law Theory
LAW 5007H​​​
Workshop: Contemporary Problems in Legal Theory​
​LAW 5008H
Crime and Punishment​​
​LAW 5011H​​
​Critical Theory and Global Law: Resisting Economic Globalization
​LAW 5012H
Empirical Studies Seminar​
​LAW 5014H
History and Theory of the Common Law​​
​LAW 5017H
Ethics, Value Pluralism, and International Justice​
​LAW 5018H
​Property Theory
​LAW 5020H
​Trademark Theory
​LAW 5021H
Introduction to Contemporary Legal Theory
LAW 5022H
Introduction to Islamic Law​
​LAW 5024H
Judgement in Law and Politics
​​LAW 5025H
​Kant's Philosophy of Law
LAW 5026H​
​The Law of Democracy
​LAW 5027H​
Law and Literature​
​LAW 5028H
​Law and Multiculturalism
​LAW 5029H​
​Law, Religion, and Public Discourse
​LAW 5030H
Legal Archaeology: Studies in Cases in Context​
LAW 5032H​
​Modern Political Trials
​LAW 5033H
​Peoples and Minorities in International Law
​LAW 5034H
​Political Justice and Liberal Democracy
​LAW 5037H
​Religion and the Liberal State: The Case of Islam
​LAW 5039H
​Restitution
​LAW 5040H
Rights​
​LAW 5042H
​Theories of Equality
LAW 5043H
​Theory of Contract Law
​LAW 5044H
​Theory of Private Law: Selected Topics and Texts
​LAW 5045H
Critical Analysis of Law Workshop
​LAW 5047H
​Law and Economics Workshop Seminar
​LAW 5048H
From Patriarchy to Equal Citizenship​
​LAW 5049​​H
​​History and Theory of ​International Law
​LAW 5050H
Introduction to Legal Philosophy
​LAW 5051H
Workshop: Legal History Seminar​
​LAW 5052Y
Political Theory of Hegel​
LAW 5053H
​Workshop: Legal Theory
​LAW 5054H
Intensive Course: Constitutional Theory
​LAW 5055H
Intensive Course: Purposive Interpretation in Law​
​LAW 6001H
​Contemporary Issues in Health Law and Policy
LAW 6002H
​​Governance of Pharmaceuticals in the International Context
LAW 6003Y
​Health Law and Bioethics​
LAW 6004H​
Comparative Health Systems Law and Policy​
​LAW 6005H
Intellectual Property, Medicine, and Health​
​LAW 6006H​
​Public Health Law
​LAW 6007H
Patent Law for Life Sciences​
​LAW 6010H
​Scientific Evidence: Its Use and Abuse in Law
LAW 6012H
Reproductive and Sexual Health Law​
​LAW 6013H
​Law and Policy of Biotechnology​
​LAW 6015Y
​Administrative Law
​LAW 6019H
​Privacy Law
​​LAW 6020H
​International Intellectual Property Law
​LAW 6021H
Women's Rights in Transnational Law​
​LAW 6023H
​International Human Rights Law
​LAW 6024H
​Human Rights and Global Justice
​LAW 6025H
​Law and Policy of Public Private Partnerships
​LAW 6026H
​Law, Institutions, and Development
​LAW 6029Y
​International Human Rights Clinic
​LAW 6030H
​Law of Mental Health
LAW 6031H​
Occupational Health and Safety​
​LAW 6032H
Health Systems Law and Policy​​​
LAW 7000Y​
​Securities Regulation​
​LAW 7001H
Legal Process Professionalism and Ethics​
​LAW 7002H
​Advanced Civil Procedure
LAW 7003Y​
Administrative Law
​LAW 7004H
​Admiralty Law
​LAW 7005Y​
Trial Advocacy​
​LAW 7006H
Advanced Torts​
​LAW 7007H
Tax Law and Policy Workshop​
​LAW 7008H
​Private International Law
​LAW 7009H
Perspectives on Law​
​LAW 7010H
​Broadcasting Law and Policy
​LAW 7011H
​Telecommunications and Internet Law
​LAW 7012H
​Community Planning
​LAW 7013H
​International Environmental ​Law
​LAW 7014H
​Advanced Property Law
​LAW 7015Y​
Charter Litigation 101​
​LAW 7016H
Fiduciary Law​​
​LAW 7017H
​Trusts​​​​​
​LAW 7018Y
​Family Law​​
​LAW 7019H
Finance and Accounting in Business Law​​
​LAW 7020H
​Introduction to Animal Law
LAW 7021H
Sports Law​
​LAW 7022H
​Human Rights as Law, Ethics, and Politics
​LAW 7023H
​Public Sector Labour Law
​LAW 7024H
​Citizenship: Inside and Out
​LAW 7025H
​Citizenship, Immigration, and Globalization
​LAW 7026H
​Labour Law Writers Workshop
​LAW 7027H
Introduction to the Legal System of the People's Republic of China​​
​LAW 7028H
Municipal Plan and Environmental Law​
​LAW 7029H
​Remedies
​LAW 7030H
​Issues in Aboriginal Law and Policy
​LAW 7031H
​Legal Ethics and Lawyer Regulation Intensive
​LAW 7032H
Idea to Legislation: Policy and Legislative Change​
​LAW 7033H
Perspectives on Civil Litigation, Procedure, and Professionalism​​
​LAW 7034H
Education Law​
​LAW 7035H
​Advanced Legal Research, Analysis, and Writing
​LAW 7036H
Foreign Affairs and the Canadian Constitution​
​LAW 7037H
Litigation and Social Change​
​LAW 7038H​
​Advanced Family Law: Resolving Family Law Case
​LAW 7039H
​Advanced Aboriginal Studies
​LAW 7040H
​Constitutional Law of the U.S.​​
​LAW 7041Y
Feminist Theory​
​LAW 7042Y
​Clinical Legal Education: Health Equity and Law Clinic​
​LAW 7043H
​Proportionality, Constitutional Rights, and Their Limitations​
​LAW 7044H
Wills and Estate Planning​
​LAW 7045H
Exploring the Intersections of Law and Social Work​
​LAW 7046H
​Freedom of Expression and Press
​LAW 7047H
Introduction to Law and Development​
​LAW 7048H
​Canadian Legal History: The Development of Legal Doctrine in Ontario Court of Appeal
​LAW 7049H
​Legal Ethics
​LAW 7050H
Comparative Indigenous Law​
​LAW 7051H
​Media and Defamation Law
​LAW 7052Y​
​Aboriginal Peoples and Canadian Law
​LAW 7053H
​Intensive Course: Who Belongs? Dilemmas of Citizenship and Immigration
​LAW 7054H
​Copyright Law
​LAW 7055Y
​Copyright, Trademark, and Patent Law
​LAW 7056H
​International Criminal ​Law​
​LAW 7057H
Private Pensions, Public Responsibilities, and Regulation of the Canadian Pension System​
​LAW 7058H
​Canadian Legal Methods and Writing
​LAW 7059H
​Contemporary Problems in Legal Theory
​LAW 7060Y
​Discrimination Law
​LAW 7061Y
Children and Families​
​LAW 7​062Y
​Constitutional Courts and Constitutional Rights
​LAW 7063H
Statutes and Statutory Interpretation​
​LAW 7064H
Adhesion Contracts: The Perils of Clicking "I Agree"​
​​LAW 7065H
​Advanced Advocacy: Problems and Techniques
​LAW 7066H
​Canadian Migration Law​
​LAW 7067H
​Class Actions Practice
LAW 7068H
Judicial Decision-Making​
​LAW 7069H
Internet Law and Governance​
​LAW 7070H
​Economic Analysis of Law
​LAW 7071H
​Youth and the Law
​LAW 7072H
​Constitutional Design for Divided Societies: Theory and Cases
​LAW 7073H
​Student Scholarship Workshop
​LAW 7074H
​Alternative Dispute Resolution in the Legal Environment
​LAW 7075H
​Ethics in the Business Law Setting​
​LAW 7076H
​Refugee Law
LAW 7077H
​Introduction to the Canadian Legal System
​LAW 7078H
​Law of Forced Migration
​LAW 7079H
Litigation and Dispute Resolution​
​LAW 7080H
​Clinical Legal Education Connect Legal​
​LAW 7081H
​Foundations of Legal Theory
​​LAW 7082H
International Humanitarian ​Law (the Law of Armed Conflict)​
​LAW 7083H
​Law and Globalization Workshop
​LAW 7084H
​Capstone Course: Intersection Between Criminal and Family Law: Challenges of Concurrent Proceedings
​LAW 7085H
​Capstone Course: the Role of the Judge
​LAW 7086H
Refugee Rights​
​LAW 7087​H
​Practice and Theory of Indigenous Law​
​LAW 7088H​
​Geographies of International Law
​LAW 7089​H
​Intensive Course: Brecht: A Case Study in Law and Literature
​LAW 7090H​
​Legal Innovation
​LAW 7091​H
Values and Models of Federalism in a Comparative Perspective​
​LAW 7092H​
Intensive Course: International Intellectual Property and Development​
​LAW 7093H
​Advanced Constitutional Law
LAW 7094Y
​Public International Law
LAW 7572H LLM Seminar
​​LAW 8000Y
​Thesis
​LAW 8001H​
​​Directed Research Program (Graduate Students Only)
CHL 5704H​
International Human Rights Law and Global Health: The Right to Health in Theory and Practice​​​
HAD 5765H​
Case Studies in Health Policy​
HAD 5768H​
International Perspectives on Health Services Management​
​HAD 5775H
Competition, Cooperation, and Strategy in Health Care​
​HAD 6762H
​Health Services Organization and Management Comprehensive Course​
​​JDM 3619H
​Digital Media Distribution (Credit/No Credit)​
​RSM 2120H
​​Health Policy and Health Care Markets

Law: Global Professional Law GPLLM

Global Professional Master of Laws

Program Description

The Global Professional Master of Laws (GPLLM) program is designed for lawyers, business executives, and professionals from all industries. It is completed through an intensive 12-month delivery model with classes offered in the evenings and on weekends.

The GPLLM offers the following concentrations:

  • Business Law
  • Canadian Law in a Global Context
  • Innovation, Law and Technology
  • Law of Leadership 

 

Concentration: Business Law

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have completed a Juris Doctor (JD), Bachelor of Laws (LLB), or a bachelor's degree (in law or another discipline) from a recognized university, with a minimum B+ average or equivalent in their final year of study

  • ​Applicants must demonstrate a minimum of three years of work experience.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must write the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

    • paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on each section.

  • The International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. 25 credits (6.25 full-course equivalents [FCEs]), as follows:

    • ​​​​15 credits (equivalent to 3.75 FCEs) consisting of five core courses worth 3 credits each (0.75 FCE total) as follows:

      • LAW 4001H Law and Business in a Global Economy

      • LAW 4005H Canadian and Cross-Border Issues in Corporate Tax

      • LAW 4019H Anti-Corruption Law: International, Domestic, and Practical Perspectives

      • LAW 4032H Intellectual Property and Strategy

      • LAW 4036H Applied Contract Law

    • 10 credits (equivalent to 2.5 FCEs) consisting of five elective courses worth 2 credits each (0.5 FCE total). Students may complete no more than two electives from a concentration other than that in which they are registered. Not all elective courses will necessarily be available every year. Available electives for the Concentration in Business Law are:

      • LAW 4002H Comparative Corporate Governance

      • LAW 4003H Securities Regulation and Corporate Finance

      • LAW 4004H Mergers and Acquisitions

      • LAW 4006H International Dispute Resolution

      • LAW 4011H Law and Policy of Public Private Partnerships

      • LAW 4012H Intellectual Property Law

      • LAW 4013H Economic and Social Regulation and Competition Law

      • LAW 4014H International Insolvency Law

      • LAW 4015H Organization of Transactional Legal Practice

      • LAW 4016H Corporate Social Responsibility, Ethics, and the Law

      • LAW 4018H Foundations of Legal Theory

Program Length

3 sessions ​full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

 

Concentration: Canadian Law in Global Context

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have completed a Juris Doctor (JD), Bachelor of Laws (LLB), or a bachelor's degree (in law or another discipline) from a recognized university, with a minimum B+ average or equivalent in their final year of study

  • ​A minimum of two years of full-time work experience is strongly preferred but not required. 

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must write the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

    • paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

  • The International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. 25 credits (6.25 full-course equivalents [FCEs]), as follows:

    • ​​​​15 credits (equivalent to 3.75 FCEs) consisting of five core seminar courses worth 3 credits each (0.75 FCE total) as follows:

      • LAW 4007H Canadian Administrative Law

      • LAW 4008H Canadian Constitutional Law

      • LAW 4009H Canadian Criminal Law

      • LAW 4010H Foundations of Canadian Law

      • LAW 4017H Professional Responsibility

    • 10 credits (2.5 FCEs) consisting of five seminar elective courses worth 2 credits each (0.5 FCE). Students may complete no more than two electives from a concentration other than that in which they are registered. Not all elective courses will necessarily be available every year. Available electives for the Concentration in Canadian Law in a Global Context are:

      • LAW 4020H Property Law

      • LAW 4021H Tort Law

      • LAW 4022H Contract Law

      • LAW 4023H Business Organizations

      • LAW 4024H Applied Legal Research and Writing

Program Length

3 sessions ​full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

 

Concentration: Innovation, Law and Technology

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have completed a Juris Doctor (JD), Bachelor of Laws (LLB), or a bachelor's degree (in law or another discipline) from a recognized university, with a minimum B+ average or equivalent in their final year of study

  • ​A minimum of two years of full-time work experience is strongly preferred but not required.

  • Applicants should demonstrate an interest in technology and entrepreneurship in their application materials. 

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must write the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

    • paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

  • The International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. 25 credits (6.25 full-course equivalents [FCEs]), as follows:

    • ​​​​15 credits (equivalent to 3.75 FCEs) consisting of five core courses worth 3 credits each (0.75 FCE total) as follows:

      • LAW 4026H The Law of Disruptive Technologies and Artificial Intelligence

      • LAW 4031H Cybersecurity and Data Protection in a Global Information Economy

      • LAW 4032H Intellectual Property and Strategy

      • LAW 4046H Privacy and Data Governance

      • LAW 4047H The Legal Challenges of Digital Environments

    • 10 credits (equivalent to 2.5 FCEs) consisting of five elective courses worth 2 credits each (0.5 FCE total). Students may complete no more than two electives from a concentration other than that in which they are registered. Not all elective courses will necessarily be available every year. Available electives for the Concentration in Innovation, Law and Technology are:

      • LAW 4027H Legal Technology and Informatics

      • LAW 4028H Cryptocurrencies, Cryptoventures, and the Future of Exchange

      • LAW 4029H Computational Law

      • LAW 4030H Financing Technological Innovation

      • LAW 4033H Design Thinking

      • LAW 4034H Launching Technology Ventures

      • LAW 4035H Understanding the Entrepreneurial Client

      • LAW 4048H Health, Innovation, and the Law

Program Length

3 sessions ​full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

 

Concentration: Law of Leadership

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have completed a Juris Doctor (JD), Bachelor of Laws (LLB), or a bachelor's degree (in law or another discipline) from a recognized university, with a minimum B+ average or equivalent in their final year of study

  • ​A minimum of three years of full-time work experience is required.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must write the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

    • paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

  • The International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. 25 credits (6.25 full-course equivalents [FCEs]), as follows:

    • ​​​​15 credits (3.75 FCEs) consisting of five core courses worth 3 credits each (0.75 FCE) as follows:

      • LAW 4036H Applied Contract Law

      • LAW 4037H Compliance and Regulatory Regimes

      • LAW 4038H Dispute Resolution and Negotiations

      • LAW 4039H The Law of the Workplace

      • LAW 4045H Pension, Benefits, and Executive Compensation

    • 10 credits (2.5 FCEs) consisting of five elective courses worth 2 credits each (0.5 FCE). Students may complete no more than two electives from a concentration other than that in which they are registered. Not all elective courses will necessarily be available every year. Available electives for the Concentration in Law of Leadership are:

      • LAW 4040H Human Rights Law

      • LAW 4041H Health Law

      • LAW 4042H Procurement Law

      • LAW 4043H Freedom of Speech, Harassment, and Cyberbullying in the Age of the Internet

      • LAW 4044H The Law of Social Innovation

Program Length

3 sessions ​full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

Law: Global Professional Law GPLLM Courses

All courses are offered in modules. A module will be approximately four months in length. Courses will be offered during the evening and on the weekend, with a minimum of eight contact hours per day. A large portion of the learning for the modules will take place outside of class through carefully designed reading, assignments, projects, and group study.

LAW 4001H Law and Business in a Global Economy
LAW 4002H
Comparative Corporate Governance
LAW 4003H
Securities Regulation and Corporate Finance
LAW 4004H
Mergers and Acquisitions
LAW 4005H Canadian and Cross-Border Issues in Corporate Tax
LAW 4006H International Dispute Resolution
LAW 4007H
Canadian Administrative Law
LAW 4008H
Canadian Constitutional Law
LAW 4009H
Canadian Criminal Law
LAW 4010H Foundations of Canadian Law
LAW 4011H Law and Policy of Public Private Partnerships
LAW 4012H Intellectual Property Law
LAW 4013H Economic and Social Regulation and Competition Law
LAW 4014H International Insolvency Law
LAW 4015H Organization of Transactional Legal Practice
LAW 4016H Corporate Social Responsibility, Ethics, and the Law
LAW 4017H Professional Responsibility
LAW 4018H Foundations of Legal Theory
LAW 4019H
Anti-Corruption Law: International, Domestic, and Practical Perspectives
LAW 4020H Property Law
LAW 4021H Tort Law
LAW 4022H Contract Law
LAW 4023H Business Organizations
LAW 4024H Applied Legal Research and Writing
LAW 4026H The Law of Disruptive Technologies and Artificial Intelligence
LAW 4027H Legal Technology and Informatics
LAW 4028H Cryptocurrencies, Cryptoventures, and the Future of Exchange
LAW 4029H Computational Law
LAW 4030H Financing Technological Innovation
LAW 4031H Cybersecurity and Data Protection in a Global Information Economy
LAW 4032H Intellectual Property and Strategy
LAW 4033H Design Thinking
LAW 4034H Launching Technology Ventures
LAW 4035H Understanding the Entrepreneurial Client
LAW 4036H Applied Contract Law
LAW 4037H Compliance and Regulatory Regimes
LAW 4038H Dispute Resolution and Negotiations
LAW 4039H The Law of the Workplace
LAW 4040H Human Rights Law
LAW 4041H Health Law
LAW 4042H Procurement Law
LAW 4043H Freedom of Speech, Harassment, and Cyberbullying in the Age of the Internet 
LAW 4044H The Law of Social Innovation
LAW 4045H Pension, Benefits, and Executive Compensation
LAW 4046H Privacy and Data Governance
LAW 4047H The Legal Challenges of Digital Environments
LAW 4048H Health, Innovation, and the Law