Law

Law: Introduction

Faculty Affiliation

Law

Degree Programs

Law

LLM

  • Concentrations:
    • Business Law;
    • Criminal Law;
    • Health Law, Ethics and Policy;
    • Legal Theory
 
  • Dual Degree Programs:
    • LLB (National University of Singapore) / LLM (University of Toronto);
    • LLB (Tsinghua University) / LLM (University of Toronto);
    • LLM (University of Toronto) / JM (Tsinghua University);
    • LLM (University of Toronto) / LLM (Tsinghua University)
 

MSL

SJD

Global Professional Law

GPLLM

  • Concentrations:
    • Business Law;
    • Canadian Law in a Global Context;
    • Innovation, Law and Technology;
    • Law of Leadership

Collaborative Specializations

The following collaborative specializations are available to students in participating degree programs as listed below:

Overview

The international reputation of the law school’s faculty, their breadth of interests and approaches, and the intensive intellectual atmosphere, create outstanding opportunities for graduate students pursuing advanced degrees.

Law faculty members are some of the finest doctrinal and theoretical legal scholars in public and private law. The diversity of research interests amongst the faculty allows them to supervise graduate research in almost all areas of legal scholarship. The pluralistic academic community invites a variety of approaches to legal scholarship including, but not limited to, feminism and the law, law and economics, legal history, law and society, analytical jurisprudence, and critical legal theory. Over a third of the faculty are cross-appointed to other units — a commitment to interdisciplinary scholarship which encourages students to position their legal research within a broader, interdisciplinary context.

Strong relationships with faculty members are forged by the supervisory relationship, as well as through numerous informal opportunities to interact with faculty. The many workshops, lecture series, seminars and roundtables foster a dynamic intellectual environment. Through the Distinguished Visiting Faculty program, students have the opportunity to meet with and learn from some of the world’s finest legal scholars.

In addition to the formal study program, graduate students can participate in internships through Pro Bono Students Canada and the International Human Rights Program.

Inquiries should be directed to the Graduate Program Coordinator, Graduate Program, Faculty of Law at the address below.

Contact and Address

LLM, MSL, and SJD Program Inquiries

Web: www.law.utoronto.ca/academic-programs/graduate-programs
Email: law.graduate@utoronto.ca
Telephone: (416) 978-0213

University of Toronto Faculty of Law
Graduate Programs
Falconer Hall
78 Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2C5

GPLLM Program Inquiries

Web: gpllm.law.utoronto.ca
Email: admissions.gpllm@utoronto.ca
Telephone: (416) 978-1400

University of Toronto Faculty of Law
GPLLM Program
Falconer Hall
78 Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2C5

Law: Graduate Faculty

Full Members

Alarie, Benjamin - LLB, AB, LLM, MA, Osler Chair in Business Law
Anand, Anita - BA, LLB, MA, LLM
Austin, Lisa - BA, BSc, LLB, MA, Chair in Law and Economics of Intellectual Property
Benson, Peter - LLB, LLM, PhD
Brunnée, Jutta - LLM, SJD, James Marshall Tory Dean's Chair (Dean)
Chapman, Bruce - BA, LLB, PhD
Chiao, Vincent - BA, PhD, JD
Cossman, Brenda - LLB, LLM, Goodman/Schipper Chair
Dawood, Yasmin - BA, MA, JD, PhD
Drassinower, Abraham - BPhil, LLB, MA, PhD, Chair in Legal Ethical and Cultural Implications of Technological Innovation
Dubber, Markus - AB, JD
Duggan, Anthony - BA, LLB, LLM, LLD
Dyzenhaus, David - BA, LLB, DPhil
Emon, Anver - LLB, BA, LLM, MA, PhD, SJD, CRC
Essert, Christopher - BA, LLM, JD, SJD
Fadel, Mohammad - BA, JD, PhD
Fernandez, Angela - LLB, BA, BCL, LLM, MA, SJD
Flood, Colleen - LLB, LLM, SJD
Green, Andrew - LLB, BA, LLM, MA, PhD, Metcalf Chair in Environmental Law
Hadfield, Gillian - BA, JD, PhD, Schwartz/Reisman Chair
Iacobucci, Edward - LLB, MPH, Toronto Stock Exchange Chair in Capital Markets
Katz, Ariel - LLB, LLM, SJD
Katz, Larissa - BA, LLB, LLM, SJD, CRC
Knop, Karen - BSc, LLB, LLM, SJD
Langille, Brian A. - LLB, BCL, BA
Lee, Ian - LLB, BCom, LLM
Lemmens, Trudo - LLM, DCL, Dr. William M. Scholl Chair in Health Law and Policy
Macintosh, Jeffrey - BSc, LLB, LLM
Macklem, Patrick - BA, LLB, LLM, William C. Graham Chair in International Law and Development
Macklin, Audrey - BSc, LLB, LLM, Chair in International Human Rights Law
Moran, Mayo - BA, LLB, LLM, SJD
Moreau, Sophia - BA, BPhil, PhD, JD
Morgan, Edward - LLB, BA, LLM
Niblett, Anthony - BCom, PhD, CRC
Phillips, James - LLB, MA, PhD
Prado, Mariana - LLB, LLM, SJD
Reaume, Denise - BA, LLB, BCL
Ripstein, Arthur S. - BA, MA, LLM, PhD, Howard Beck, Q.C. Chair
Rittich, Kerry - BAMus, LLB, SJD
Roach, Kent - BA, LLB, LLM, The J. Robert S. Prichard and Ann E. Wilson Chair in Law and Public Policy
Rogerson, Carol - BA, LLB, MA, LLM
Satterthwaite, Emily - BEc, LLM, MA, JD
Schneiderman, David - BA, LLB, LLM
Shachar, Ayelet - LLB, BA, LLM, SJD
Shaffer, Martha - LLB, LLM, MAcct
Stacey, Richard - LLB, BA, SJD
Stern, Simon - BA, JD, PhD, Chair in Electronic Commerce
Stewart, Hamish - BA, LLB, MA, PhD
Su, Anna - LLM, SJD, JD
Thorburn, Malcolm - BA, JD, MA, LLM, SJD (Associate Dean, Graduate Program)
Trebilcock, Michael - LLB, LLM
Valcke, Catherine - BCL, LLB, LLM, SJD
Valverde, Mariana - BA, MA, PhD, FRSC
Waddams, Stephen - BA, LLB, BA, LLM, PhD, SJD
Weinrib, Ernest - BA, LLB, PhD, Cecil A. Wright Chair
Weinrib, Lorraine - BA, LLB, LLM
Yoon, Albert - BA, LLB, MA, PhD, Chair in Law and Economics

Members Emeriti

Brudner, Alan S. - BA, MA, PhD
Cook, Rebecca - BA, JD, LLM, MA, MPA, SJD
Dickens, Bernard - LLB, LLM, PhD
Friedland, Martin - BCom, LLB, PhD
Nedelsky, Jennifer R. - BA, MA, PhD

Associate Members

Acorn, Elizabeth - BA, MA, PhD, JD
Hirschl, Ran - BA, LLB, MA, MPH, PhD, CRC
Sanderson, Douglas - BA, LLM, JD
Spade, Dean - BA, JD

Law: Law LLM

Master of Laws

Program Description

The Master of Laws (LLM) is a one-year degree program that provides students with an opportunity for more profound study beyond their first law degree.

The LLM program can be thesis-intensive (with both a short or long thesis option) or coursework-only. The short and long thesis options are for law students who have demonstrated a strong potential for advanced research and original scholarship. The coursework-only option is for law students who wish to specialize in a specific area of law or explore common law at an advanced level.

Within the LLM program, students also have the option of applying to pursue one of four areas of concentration:

  • LLM with a Concentration in Business Law

  • LLM with a Concentration in Criminal Law

  • LLM with a Concentration in Health Law, Ethics, and Policy

  • LLM with a Concentration in Legal Theory.

Students accepted into a concentration will receive a designation on their transcript. There are a limited number of spots available for students in each concentration, and acceptance into the concentrations will be competitive.

The program is completed on a full-time basis. Part-time registration may be considered in exceptional circumstances.

 

LLM Program (No Concentration): Thesis Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have obtained a Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree from a recognized university, or the international equivalent of a law degree from a foreign institution. Applicants must have a minimum B+ average in the final year of their legal studies. Preference will be given to applicants who maintain this average throughout their legal studies, i.e., during the course of their entire law degree.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who obtained their admitting degree (Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor) from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of English proficiency by submitting English-language test scores. Several English-language testing services are acceptable. The following are the most common tests:

    • The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • Paper-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 600, and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 100/120, and 24/30 on each section.

    • The International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

Program Requirements

  • Students must complete a course of studies and a thesis which, combined, are valued at 24 credit hours (equivalent to 6.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]).

  • Students writing a short thesis must:

    • Complete 20 credit hours of coursework (equivalent to 5.0 FCEs); and

    • Write a thesis worth 4 credit hours (equivalent to 1.0 FCE), and approximately 45 pages or 13,000 words, under the supervision of a graduate faculty member.

  • Students writing a long thesis must:

    • Complete 8 credit hours (equivalent to 2.0 FCEs) of coursework; and

    • Write a thesis worth 16 credit hours (equivalent to 4.0 FCEs), and approximately 175 pages or 52,000 words, under the supervision of a graduate faculty member.

  • All thesis students must complete:

    • The mandatory graduate seminar for all LLM students who are writing a thesis: LAW1000H Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship (3 credits, or 0.75 FCE); and

    • The mandatory graduate seminar for all LLM students: LAW7572H LLM Seminar (1 credit, or 0.25 FCE).

  • All coursework and the student's thesis are graded using the graduate grading scale as outlined in the University Assessment and Grading Practices Policy.

  • The Faculty offers thesis students some flexibility regarding their thesis credits. Students writing a short thesis can choose to write a slightly longer thesis for additional credit, and students writing a long thesis can choose to write a slightly shorter thesis for fewer credits. Students who wish to reduce or increase their thesis credits should contact the graduate program coordinator before the Fall add/drop deadline.

  • For those writing a thesis, the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the academic year of attendance; the thesis must be completed by July 31 of the academic year of attendance.

  • With approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies at the Faculty of Law, the program may be taken on a part-time basis over two years, in which case the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the second academic year of attendance; the thesis must be completed by July 31 of the second academic year of attendance.

  • Residence. Students must be in attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

 

LLM Program (No Concentration): Coursework-Only Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have obtained a Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree from a recognized university, or the international equivalent of a law degree from a foreign institution. Applicants must have a minimum B+ average in the final year of their legal studies. Preference will be given to applicants who maintain this average throughout their legal studies, i.e., during the course of their entire law degree.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who obtained their admitting degree (Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor) from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of English proficiency by submitting English-language test scores. Several English-language testing services are acceptable. The following are the most common tests:

    • The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • Paper-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 600, and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 100/120, and 24/30 on each section.

    • The International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

Program Requirements

  • Students must complete a course of studies valued at 28 credit hours (equivalent to 7.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]). In addition, students pursuing the coursework-only option must designate one course as their designated writing requirement course. Only courses requiring one or more written assignments of at least 3,500 words (combined) will qualify as designated writing requirement courses. LAW1000H Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship and LAW7572H LLM Seminar do not qualify as a designated writing requirement course.

  • All students in the LLM program must complete the mandatory graduate seminar: LAW7572H LLM Seminar (1 credit, or 0.25 FCE);

  • All coursework is graded using the graduate grading scale as outlined in the University Assessment and Grading Practices Policy.

  • The coursework requirements for all courses apart from the designated writing requirement course must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the academic year of attendance; the writing requirement must be fulfilled by July 31 of the academic year of attendance.

  • With approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies at the Faculty of Law, the program may be taken on a part-time basis over two years, in which case the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the second academic year of attendance; the writing requirement must be completed by July 31 of the second academic year of attendance.

  • Continuation in Year 2 of the part-time LLM program is subject to the Faculty of Law's determination that the student has made satisfactory progress in Year 1 of the part-time LLM.

  • Residence. Students must be in attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

 

LLM Program (With a Concentration): Thesis Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have obtained a Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree from a recognized university, or the international equivalent of a law degree if from a foreign institution. Applicants must have a minimum B+ average in the final year of their legal studies. Preference will be given to applicants who maintain this average throughout their legal studies, i.e., during the course of their entire law degree.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who obtained their admitting degree (Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor) from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of English proficiency by submitting English-language test scores. Several English-language testing services are acceptable. The following are the most common tests:

    • The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • Paper-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 600, and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 100/120, and 24/30 on each section.

    • The International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

  • Applicants applying to one of the four areas of concentration must substantiate their interest in and suitability for the particular area of concentration in their statement of interest, letters of reference, and research proposal. Applicants may only apply to one of the areas of concentration. Applicants may be admitted into the LLM program without a concentration.

Program Requirements

  • Students must complete a total of 24 credits (6.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]) through a combination of coursework and the thesis. The thesis must be in the area of concentration into which the student was accepted.

  • Students writing a short thesis and pursuing a concentration must:

    • Complete 20 credit hours of coursework (equivalent to 5.0 FCEs), at least 8 credits (equivalent to 2.0 FCEs) of which must be taken from a list of courses in the area of concentration, which will be provided annually on the program website. The remaining required credits can be satisfied with courses either within or outside the area of concentration.

    • Write a 4-credit hours thesis (equivalent to 1.0 FCE); that is, approximately 45 pages or 13,000 words in length, in the area of concentration under the supervision of a graduate faculty member.

  • Students writing a long thesis and pursuing a concentration must:

    • Complete 8 credit hours of coursework (equivalent to 2.0 FCEs).

    • Write a thesis worth 16 credit hours (equivalent to 4.0 FCEs) and approximately 175 pages or 52,000 words in length, in the area of concentration under the supervision of a graduate faculty member.

  • Students pursuing the concentration in Legal Theory must complete the mandatory 3-credit course LAW7081H Foundations of Legal Theory (3 credits, or 0.75 FCE). This course will count towards the credits required for the area of concentration.

  • All thesis students must complete:

    • The mandatory graduate seminar for all LLM students writing a thesis: LAW1000H Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship (3 credits, or 0.75 FCE).

    • The mandatory graduate seminar for all LLM students: LAW7572H LLM Seminar (1 credit, or 0.25 FCE).

  • All coursework and the student's thesis are graded using the graduate grading scale as outlined in the University Assessment and Grading Practices Policy.

  • The Faculty offers thesis students some flexibility regarding their thesis credits. Students writing a short thesis can choose to write a slightly longer thesis for additional credit, and students writing a long thesis can choose to write a slightly shorter thesis for fewer credits. Students who wish to reduce or increase their thesis credits should contact the graduate program coordinator before the Fall add/drop deadline.

  • For those writing a thesis, the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the academic year of attendance; the thesis must be completed by July 31 of the academic year of attendance.

  • With approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies at the Faculty of Law, the program may be taken on a part-time basis over two years, in which case the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the second academic year of attendance; the thesis must be completed by July 31 of the second academic year of attendance.

  • Residence. Students must be in attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

 

LLM Program (With a Concentration): Coursework-Only Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have obtained a Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree from a recognized university, or the international equivalent of a law degree from a foreign institution. Applicants must have a minimum B+ average in the final year of their legal studies. Preference will be given to applicants who maintain this average throughout their legal studies, i.e., during the course of their entire law degree.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who obtained their admitting degree (Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor) from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of English proficiency by submitting English-language test scores. Several English-language testing services are acceptable. The following are the most common tests:

    • The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • Paper-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 600, and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 100/120, and 24/30 on each section.

    • The International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

  • Applicants applying to one of the four areas of concentration must substantiate their interest in and suitability for the particular area of concentration in their statement of interest, and their two letters of reference. Applicants may only apply to one of the areas of concentration. Applicants may be admitted into the LLM program without a concentration.

Program Requirements

  • Students must complete a course of studies valued at 28 credit hours (equivalent to 7.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]). In addition, students pursuing the coursework-only option must designate one course as their designated writing requirement course. Only courses requiring one or more written assignments of at least 3,500 words (combined) will qualify as designated writing requirement courses. LAW1000H Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship, LAW7572H LLM Seminar, and LAW7077H Introduction to the Canadian Legal System do not qualify as a designated writing requirement course.

  • At least 12 of the credits (equivalent to 4.0 FCEs) must be completed from a list of courses in the area of concentration into which the student was accepted. A list of eligible courses will be provided annually on the program website.

  • Students pursuing the concentration in Legal Theory must complete the mandatory 3-credit course, LAW7081H Foundations of Legal Theory (3 credits, or 0.75 FCE). This course will count towards the credits required for the area of concentration.

  • The designated writing requirement course must be in the area of concentration.

  • All students in the LLM program must complete the mandatory graduate seminar: LAW7572H LLM Seminar (1 credit, or 0.25 FCE).

  • All coursework is graded using the graduate grading scale as outlined in the University Assessment and Grading Practices Policy.

  • The coursework requirements for all courses apart from the designated writing requirement course must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the academic year of attendance; the writing requirement must be fulfilled by July 31 of the academic year of attendance.

  • With approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies at the Faculty of Law, the program may be taken on a part-time basis over two years, in which case the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the second academic year of attendance; the writing requirement must be completed by July 31 of the second academic year of attendance.

  • Continuation in Year 2 of the part-time LLM program is subject to the Faculty of Law's determination that the student has made satisfactory progress in Year 1 of the part-time LLM studies.

  • Residence. Students must be in attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

Law: Law MSL

Master of Studies in Law

Program Description

The Master of Studies in Law (MSL) program is designed for scholars with no prior training in law who wish to acquire a legal education and knowledge of law in order to add a legal dimension to scholarship in their own discipline.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have completed at least a master's degree, and preferably a doctorate, from a recognized university with a demonstrated high level of scholarship in a discipline related to law. Applicants must have a least a B+ average in their final year of study. Preference will be given to applicants who have maintained this average throughout their studies.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who obtained their admitting degree (graduate degree or doctorate) from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of English proficiency by submitting English-language test scores. Several English-language testing services are acceptable. The following are the most common tests:

    • The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • Paper-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 600, and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 100/120, and 24/30 on each section.

    • The International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

Program Requirements

  • MSL students must pursue a course of studies approved by the Faculty.

    • The course of studies will comprise at least 28 credit hours (7.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]), and not more than 32 credit hours (equivalent to 8.0 FCEs), and will include at least three of the following subjects: contracts, torts, property, criminal law, constitutional law, and civil procedure.

    • Students must complete a research project of an interdisciplinary nature during their studies at the Faculty of Law. The project must be completed in the context of one of the courses that students are completing for credit.

    • A mandatory graduate seminar: LAW1000H Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship (3 credits, or 0.75 FCE).

    • In no circumstance will courses taken in the MSL program be accredited for the Juris Doctor (JD) program.

  • Residence. Students must be in full-time attendance for two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

Law: Law LLM (Dual Degree: LLB National University of Singapore / LLM)

Dual Degree Program: Bachelor of Laws (National University of Singapore) / Master of Laws (University of Toronto)

Program Description

This dual degree program is offered as part of the Master of Laws (LLM)’s coursework-only option, with or without a concentration. Students are not eligible to take the thesis option.

Students complete three years of a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) from the National University of Singapore (NUS), and in Year 4 complete the LLM degree at the University of Toronto. Students complete the LLB and LLM degrees in four years rather than the five years it would take to attain them separately. See the LLM coursework requirements (with or without a concentration) above.

Upon successful completion of the degree requirements of both programs, students receive a Bachelor of Laws degree and a Master of Laws degree.

Contact

Bachelor of Laws Program
Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore
Email: lawUGadm@nus.edu.sg

Master of Laws Program
Faculty of Law, University of Toronto
Email: law.graduate@utoronto.ca

Application Process

  • Initial consideration for admission to the dual degree program will be based on the applicant’s performance during the first three terms of the NUS LLB program.

  • All offers of admission to the dual degree program will be conditional upon successful completion of all Year 1, 2, and 3 requirements of the LLB program before starting the LLM program.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Successful completion of the first three years of the NUS LLB program, with the equivalent of a B+ average. Preference will be given to those who maintain this average throughout their legal studies.

  • Applicants applying to one of the four areas of concentration must substantiate their interest in and suitability for the particular area of concentration in their statement of interest, and their two letters of reference. Applicants may only apply to one of the areas of concentration. Applicants may be admitted into the LLM program without a concentration.

  • Residence. Students must be in attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).

Law: Law LLM (Dual Degree: LLB Tsinghua University / LLM)

Dual Degree Program: Bachelor of Laws (Tsinghua University) / Master of Laws (University of Toronto)

Program Description

This dual degree program is offered as part of the Master of Laws (LLM)’s coursework-only option, with or without a concentration. Students are not eligible to take the thesis option.

Students complete two years of a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) from Tsinghua University, and in Year 3 complete the LLM degree at the University of Toronto.

Students complete the LLB and LLM degrees in four years rather than the five years it would take to attain them separately. See the LLM coursework requirements (with or without a concentration) above.

Upon successful completion of the degree requirements of both programs, students receive a Bachelor of Laws degree and a Master of Laws degree.

Contact

Bachelor of Laws Program
Law School, Tsinghua University
Email: to be confirmed

Master of Laws Program
Faculty of Law, University of Toronto
Email: law.graduate@utoronto.ca

Law: Law LLM (Dual Degree: LLM / JM Tsinghua University)

Dual Degree Program: Master of Laws (University of Toronto) / Juris Master (Tsinghua University)

Program Description

This dual degree program is offered as part of the Master of Laws (LLM)'s coursework-only option, with or without a concentration. Students are not eligible to take the thesis option.

Students complete the LLM and Juris Master (JM) degrees in three years and one session rather than the four years it would take to attain them separately. See the LLM coursework requirements (with or without a concentration) above.

  • Years 1 and 2: students register in the Tsinghua University JM program.

  • Fall session of Year 3: students register in the University of Toronto LLM program.

  • Winter session of Year 3: students return to the Tsinghua University JM program.

  • Fall session of Year 4: students register in the University of Toronto LLM program and complete the dual degree by the end of that session.

Upon successful completion of the degree requirements of both programs, students receive a Master of Laws degree and a Juris Master degree.

Contact

Juris Master Program
Law School, Tsinghua University
Email: to be confirmed

Master of Laws Program
Faculty of Law, University of Toronto
Email: law.graduate@utoronto.ca

Law: Law LLM (Dual Degree: LLM / LLM (Tsinghua University)

Dual Degree Program: Master of Laws (University of Toronto) / Master of Laws (Tsinghua University)

Program Description

This dual degree program is offered as part of the Master of Laws (LLM)’s coursework-only option, with or without a concentration. Students are not eligible to take the thesis option.

Students complete the two LLM degrees in two years and one session rather than the three years it would take to attain them separately. See the LLM coursework requirements (with or without a concentration) above.

  • Year 1: students register in the Tsinghua University LLM program.

  • Fall session of Year 2: students register in the University of Toronto LLM program.

  • Winter session of Year 2: students return to the Tsinghua University LLM program.

  • Fall session of Year 3: students register in the University of Toronto LLM program and complete the dual degree program by the end of that session.

Upon successful completion of the degree requirements of both programs, students receive the University of Toronto and Tsinghua University Master of Laws degree.

Contact

Master of Laws Program
Law School, Tsinghua University
Email: to be confirmed

Master of Laws Program
Faculty of Law, University of Toronto
Email: law.graduate@utoronto.ca

Law: Law SJD

Doctor of Juridical Science

Program Description

The Doctor of Juridical Science (SJD) is a thesis degree program for outstanding law students seeking to pursue careers in teaching, policy, and research. Students receive a guaranteed funding package for three years. Inquiries should be directed to the Graduate Program Coordinator, Graduate Program, Faculty of Law at the address above.

Applicants may enter the SJD program via one of two routes: 1) following completion of an appropriate Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree and a Master of Laws; or 2) direct entry following completion of an appropriate Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree.

 

SJD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have obtained a Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree and a Master of Laws degree from a recognized university, or the equivalent of each degree from an international institution. Applicants must have a minimum B+ average in the final year of their legal studies. Preference will be given to applicants who maintain this average throughout their legal studies.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who obtained their admitting degree (Master of Laws) from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of English proficiency by submitting English-language test scores. Several English-language testing services are acceptable. The following are the most common tests:

    • The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • Paper-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 600, and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 100/120, and 24/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

    • The International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Students must complete the mandatory graduate seminar LAW1000H Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship (3 credits, or 0.75 full-course equivalents [FCEs]).

    • Other coursework requirements are optional and shall be determined upon consultation with the supervisor. All coursework shall be subject to the approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies, Law.

  • Area requirement. Before being allowed to proceed with formal research on a thesis topic, a student must demonstrate competence in a broader area within which the topic falls. The student's supervisory committee (established by the student and approved by the Associate Dean of Graduate Studies at the Faculty of Law) assists in framing that area and compiling an appropriate plan for carrying out the research. The research undertaken by the student either culminates in a written exam, based on the reading list, or a research project, which is either a draft of a chapter of the thesis or an overview of the general argument. Both paths lead to an oral exam based on the written work and the reading list (the "area exam"). Unless approved by the Associate Dean of Graduate of Graduate Studies, a student must satisfy the area requirement by the end of Year 1 of registration.

  • Research and writing. A student will not be allowed to continue in the doctoral program, where, in the opinion of the Area Committee, the student is not capable of demonstrating the capacity for independent legal research and writing at an advanced level, including through the satisfaction of the area exam.

  • Year 2 presentation. At the end of Year 2 of registration, students must present an abstract of their work in progress or a draft chapter to an audience of their peers and interested faculty. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the student with a forum to collect feedback from a broad audience.

  • Annual meetings. Students must meet with their entire supervisory committee at least once a year.

  • Thesis. Following completion of the requirements above, a thesis must be prepared which, in the opinion of the Faculty of Law, constitutes a distinct contribution to legal research or scholarship, and the student must pass a Doctoral Final Oral Examination based on the thesis.

    • The thesis must be completed within five years from the date of enrolment in the program.

    • No candidate will be recommended for the degree until the thesis has been approved by the Faculty of Law and is presented in publishable form, as described in the PhD regulations in this calendar.

  • Residence. Students must be in full-time attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months):

    • September to April for those starting the program in September or

    • January to April and September to December for those starting the program in January.

Program Length

3 years

Time Limit

5 years

 

SJD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have obtained a Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree from a recognized university, or the equivalent of a law degree from an international institution. A minimum A– average is required in the final year of their legal studies. Preference will be given to applicants who maintain this average throughout their legal studies, i.e., during the course of their entire law degree.

  • The Associate Dean, Graduate Studies at the Faculty of Law has the discretion to permit direct entry into the SJD following completion of the Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree where the Graduate Committee is satisfied that the applicant's law record demonstrates excellent potential for independent legal research and writing at an advanced level.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who obtained their admitting degree (Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor) from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of English proficiency by submitting English-language test scores. Several English-language testing services are acceptable. The following are the most common tests:

    • The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • Paper-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 600, and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 100/120, and 24/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

    • The International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Students must complete at least 8 credit hours (2.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]) including the mandatory graduate seminar: LAW1000H Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship (3 credits, or 0.75 FCE).

    • All coursework shall be subject to the approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies at the Faculty of Law.

  • Area requirement. Before being allowed to proceed with formal research on a thesis topic, a student must demonstrate competence in a broader area within which the topic falls. The student's supervisory committee (established by the student and approved by the Associate Dean of Graduate Studies at the Faculty of Law) assists in framing that area and compiling an appropriate plan for carrying out the research. The research undertaken by the student either culminates in a written exam, based on the reading list, or a research project, which is either a draft of a chapter of the thesis or an overview of the general argument. Both paths lead to an oral exam based on the written work and the reading list (the "area exam"). Unless approved by the Associate Dean of Graduate Studies, a student must satisfy the area requirement by the end of Year 1 of registration.

  • Research and writing. A student will not be allowed to continue in the doctoral program, where, in the opinion of the Area Committee, the student is not capable of demonstrating the capacity for independent legal research and writing at an advanced level, including through the satisfaction of the area exam.

  • Year 2 presentation. At the end of Year 2 of registration, students must present an abstract of their work in progress or a draft chapter to an audience of their peers and interested faculty. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the student with a forum to collect feedback from a broad audience.

  • Annual meetings. Students must meet with their entire supervisory committee at least once a year.

  • Thesis. Following completion of the area requirements, a thesis must be prepared which, in the opinion of the Faculty of Law, constitutes a distinct contribution to legal research or scholarship, and the student must pass a Doctoral Final Oral Examination based on the thesis.

    • The thesis must be completed within six years from the date of enrolment in the program.

    • No candidate will be recommended for the degree until the thesis has been approved by the Faculty of Law and is presented in publishable form, as described in the PhD regulations in this calendar.

  • Residence. Students must be in full-time attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months):

    • September to April for those starting the program in September or

    • January to April and September to December for those starting the program in January.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

6 years

Law: Law LLM, MSL, SJD Courses

LAW1000H
Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship
LAW1001Y
First Year: Contracts Law (MSL only)
LAW1002Y
Contracts
LAW1003Y
First Year: Criminal Law (MSL only)
LAW1004Y
Criminal Law
LAW1005Y
First Year: Property Law (MSL only)
LAW1006Y
Property
LAW1007Y
First Year: Torts Law (MSL only)
LAW1008Y
Torts
LAW1009Y
First Year: Constitutional Law (MSL only)
LAW1010Y
Constitutional Law
LAW1011Y
First Year: Constitutional Law (MSL only)
LAW2001H
Advanced Contracts: The Law of Contractual Interpretation
LAW2002H
Advanced Corporate Law and Securities Regulation
LAW2003H
Advanced Labour Law: Bargaining Rights and Following Rights in a Global Economy
LAW2005H
The Art of the Deal
LAW2007H
Bankruptcy Law
LAW2007Y Bankruptcy and Insolvency Law
LAW2008H
Business Organizations
LAW2009Y
Canadian Income Tax Law
LAW2010H
Class Action Law
LAW2011H
Climate Change Law
LAW2013H
Competition Law and Intellectual Property
LAW2014H
Competition Policy
LAW2015H
Contested Corporate Transactions
LAW2017Y
Corporate Income Tax
LAW2018H
Corporate Transactions
LAW2019H
Corporations, Individuals, and the State
LAW2020H
Digital Content and the Creative Economy
LAW2021H
Economic and Social Regulation
LAW2022H
Entertainment Law
LAW2023H
Environmental Law
LAW2024Y
Evidence
LAW2026H
Franchise and Distribution Law
LAW2027H
From Blueprints to Buildings: Legal Issues in the Construction Industry
LAW2029H
Governing Governance: Legal Institutions and Corporate Performance in Comparative Perspective
LAW2033H
Intensive: Key Concepts in Trademark Law
LAW2035H
International Commercial and Investor-State Arbitration
LAW2036H
International Investment Law
LAW2037H
International Taxation
LAW2038H
International Trade Regulation
LAW2039H
Investment and Growth in Emerging Markets
LAW2040Y
Labour and Employment Law
LAW2042H
Law of Good Governance and Ethics in Government and Business
LAW2044H
Legal History of Money
LAW2045H
Natural Resources and Energy Law
LAW2046H
Negotiation
LAW2047H
Patent and Trade Secrets Law
LAW2048H
New Directions in Energy Regulation
LAW2049H
Principle and Policy in Contract Law
LAW2051H
Real Estate Law
LAW2053Y
Secured Transactions
LAW2054H
Securities Law in Adversarial Setting
LAW2055H
The Supreme Court of Canada: A Unique and Comprehensive View
LAW2056H
Shareholder Activism
LAW2057H
Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility
LAW2059H
Venture Capital Financing
LAW2060H
Workshop: Innovation Law and Policy
LAW2061H
Intensive Course: Corporations, Individuals, and the State
LAW2062H
Applied Corporate Law
LAW2063H
Banking, Negotiable Instruments, and Payment Mechanisms
LAW2064H
Fundamental Themes in Securities Litigation Practice
LAW2065H
Innovation, Intellectual Property, and the Internet
LAW2066H
Law of International Business and Finance Transactions
LAW2067H
Powering the Green Economy: New Directions in Energy Regulation
LAW2068H
The Private Sector in Economic Development
LAW2069H
Regulation of Financial Institutions
LAW2070Y
Intellectual Property: Copyright, Trademark, and Patent
LAW2072H Data and Governance
LAW2075H Intensive Course: Consumer Contracts in the Information Society: A Comparative Overview
LAW2076H Securities Litigation: The Public and Private Enforcement of Securities Law
LAW2085Y
Trusts
LAW3001H
Aboriginal Peoples and Canadian Criminal Justice
LAW3002H
Aboriginal Peoples and Canadian Criminal Justice Practicum
LAW3003H
Advanced Constitutional Law: Comparative Remedial and Security Issues
LAW3004H
Advanced Criminal Evidence
LAW3005H
Advanced Criminal Procedure and Charter Issues
LAW3007H
Comparative Anti-terrorism and National Security Law
LAW3008H
Comparative Criminal Law
LAW3012H
Criminal Law Theory
LAW3013Y
Criminal Procedure
LAW3014H
Criminalization: Use and Abuse
LAW3015H
Criminalization in Historical and Theoretical Perspective
LAW3017H
Financial Crimes
LAW3018H
Forensic Evidence: Science, Medicine, and the Law
LAW3019H
History of Crime and Punishment
LAW3020H
Homicide
LAW3021H
Issues in Criminal Justice
LAW3023H
Mentally Disordered Accused
LAW3025H
Sentencing and Penal Policy
LAW3026H
Women, Violence, and the Law
LAW3027H
Wrongful Convictions
LAW3028H
Youth Criminal Justice
LAW3029H
Crime and Punishment: Mandatory Minimums, the Death Penalty, and Other Current Debates
LAW3030H
International Criminal Law
LAW3031H
Perspectives on Crime and Law
LAW3032H Intensive Course: "Black Lives Matter" and Criminal Procedure: Race and the Fourth Amendment
LAW3033H Law and Society: Theoretical Perspectives
LAW3034H Homelessness
LAW3035H Intensive Course: Punishing Genocide: An Introduction to International Criminal Law
LAW4001H
Law and Business in a Global Economy
LAW4002H
Comparative Corporate Governance
LAW4003H
Securities Regulation and Corporate Finance
LAW4004H
Mergers and Acquisitions
LAW4005H
Canadian and Cross-Border Issues in Corporate Tax
LAW4006H
International Dispute Resolution
LAW4007H
Canadian Administrative Law
LAW4008H
Canadian Constitutional Law
LAW4009H
Canadian Criminal Law
LAW4010H
Foundations of Canadian Law
LAW4011H
Law and Policy of Public Private Partnerships
LAW4012H
Intellectual Property Law
LAW4013H
Economic and Social Regulation and Competition Law
LAW4014H
International Insolvency Law
LAW4015H
Organization of Transactional Legal Practice
LAW4016H
Corporate Social Responsibility, Ethics, and the Law
LAW4017H
Professional Responsibility
LAW4018H
Foundations of Legal Theory
LAW4019H
Anti-Corruption Law: International, Domestic, and Practical Perspectives
LAW5002H
Advanced Private Law
LAW5003H
Authorship and Copyright: Theory and History
LAW5004H
Civil Law
LAW5005H
Comparative Constitutional Law and Politics
LAW5006H
Comparative Law Theory
LAW5007H
Workshop: Contemporary Problems in Legal Theory
LAW5008H
Crime and Punishment
LAW5011H
Critical Theory and Global Law: Resisting Economic Globalization
LAW5012H
Empirical Studies Seminar
LAW5014H
History and Theory of the Common Law
LAW5017H
Ethics, Value Pluralism, and International Justice
LAW5018H
Property Theory
LAW5020H
Trademark Theory
LAW5021H
Introduction to Contemporary Legal Theory
LAW5022H
Introduction to Islamic Law
LAW5024H
Judgement in Law and Politics
LAW5025H
Kant's Philosophy of Law
LAW5026H
The Law of Democracy
LAW5027H
Law and Literature
LAW5028H
Law and Multiculturalism
LAW5029H
Law, Religion, and Public Discourse
LAW5030H
Legal Archaeology: Studies in Cases in Context
LAW5032H
Modern Political Trials
LAW5033H
Peoples and Minorities in International Law
LAW5034H
Political Justice and Liberal Democracy
LAW5037H
Religion and the Liberal State: The Case of Islam
LAW5039H
Restitution
LAW5040H
Rights
LAW5042H
Theories of Equality
LAW5043H
Theory of Contract Law
LAW5044H
Theory of Private Law: Selected Topics and Texts
LAW5045H
Critical Analysis of Law Workshop
LAW5047H
Law and Economics Workshop Seminar
LAW5048H
From Patriarchy to Equal Citizenship
LAW5049H
History and Theory of International Law
LAW5050H
Introduction to Legal Philosophy
LAW5051H
Workshop: Legal History Seminar
LAW5052Y
Political Theory of Hegel
LAW5053H
Workshop: Legal Theory
LAW5054H
Intensive Course: Constitutional Theory
LAW5055H
Intensive Course: Purposive Interpretation in Law
LAW5056H Intensive Course: The Adversarial Trial: Theory and Critique
LAW5057H John Rawls' Theory of Justice: An Introduction
LAW5058H Law, Religion, and Democracy
LAW5059H Philosophical Approaches to Equality and Discrimination
LAW5060H Sanctity of Contracts in a Secular Age
LAW6001H
Contemporary Issues in Health Law and Policy
LAW6002H
Governance of Pharmaceuticals in the International Context
LAW6003Y
Health Law and Bioethics
LAW6004H
Comparative Health Systems Law and Policy
LAW6005H
Intellectual Property, Medicine, and Health
LAW6006H
Public Health Law
LAW6007H
Patent Law for Life Sciences
LAW6010H
Scientific Evidence: Its Use and Abuse in Law
LAW6012H
Reproductive and Sexual Health Law
LAW6013H
Law and Policy of Biotechnology
LAW6015Y
Administrative Law
LAW6019H
Privacy Law
LAW6020H
International Intellectual Property Law
LAW6021H
Women's Rights in Transnational Law
LAW6023H
International Human Rights Law
LAW6024H
Human Rights and Global Justice
LAW6025H
Law and Policy of Public Private Partnerships
LAW6026H
Law, Institutions, and Development
LAW6029Y
International Human Rights Clinic
LAW6030H
Law of Mental Health
LAW6031H
Occupational Health and Safety
LAW6032H
Health Systems Law and Policy
LAW6042H Human Rights and Their Critics
LAW6045H Intensive Course: Pandemics and the Law
LAW7000Y
Securities Regulation
LAW7001H
Legal Process Professionalism and Ethics
LAW7002H
Advanced Civil Procedure
LAW7003Y
Administrative Law
LAW7004H
Admiralty Law
LAW7005Y
Trial Advocacy
LAW7006H
Advanced Torts
LAW7007H
Tax Law and Policy Workshop
LAW7008H
Private International Law
LAW7009H
Perspectives on Law
LAW7010H
Broadcasting Law and Policy
LAW7011H
Telecommunications and Internet Law
LAW7012H
Community Planning
LAW7013H
International Environmental Law
LAW7014H
Advanced Property Law
LAW7015Y
Charter Litigation 101
LAW7016H
Fiduciary Law
LAW7017H
Trusts
LAW7018Y
Family Law
LAW7019H
Finance and Accounting in Business Law
LAW7020H
Introduction to Animal Law
LAW7021H
Sports Law
LAW7022H
Human Rights as Law, Ethics, and Politics
LAW7023H
Public Sector Labour Law
LAW7024H
Citizenship: Inside and Out
LAW7025H
Citizenship, Immigration, and Globalization
LAW7026H
Labour Law Writers Workshop
LAW7027H
Introduction to the Legal System of the People's Republic of China
LAW7028H
Municipal Plan and Environmental Law
LAW7029H
Remedies
LAW7030H
Issues in Aboriginal Law and Policy
LAW7031H
Legal Ethics and Lawyer Regulation Intensive
LAW7032H
Idea to Legislation: Policy and Legislative Change
LAW7033H
Perspectives on Civil Litigation, Procedure, and Professionalism
LAW7034H
Education Law
LAW7035H
Advanced Legal Research, Analysis, and Writing
LAW7036H
Foreign Affairs and the Canadian Constitution
LAW7037H
Litigation and Social Change
LAW7038H
Advanced Family Law: Resolving Family Law Case
LAW7039H
Advanced Aboriginal Studies
LAW7040H
Constitutional Law of the U.S.
LAW7041Y
Feminist Theory
LAW7042Y
Clinical Legal Education: Health Equity and Law Clinic
LAW7043H
Proportionality, Constitutional Rights, and Their Limitations
LAW7044H
Wills and Estate Planning
LAW7045H
Exploring the Intersections of Law and Social Work
LAW7046H
Freedom of Expression and Press
LAW7047H
Introduction to Law and Development
LAW7048H
Canadian Legal History: The Development of Legal Doctrine in Ontario Court of Appeal
LAW7049H
Legal Ethics
LAW7050H
Comparative Indigenous Law
LAW7051H
Media and Defamation Law
LAW7052Y
Aboriginal Peoples and Canadian Law
LAW7053H
Intensive Course: Who Belongs? Dilemmas of Citizenship and Immigration
LAW7054H
Copyright Law
LAW7055Y
Copyright, Trademark, and Patent Law
LAW7056H
International Criminal Law
LAW7057H
Private Pensions, Public Responsibilities, and Regulation of the Canadian Pension System
LAW7058H
Canadian Legal Methods and Writing
LAW7059H
Contemporary Problems in Legal Theory
LAW7060Y
Discrimination Law
LAW7061Y
Children and Families
LAW7062Y
Constitutional Courts and Constitutional Rights
LAW7063H
Statutes and Statutory Interpretation
LAW7064H
Adhesion Contracts: The Perils of Clicking "I Agree"
LAW7065H
Advanced Advocacy: Problems and Techniques
LAW7066H
Canadian Migration Law
LAW7067H
Class Actions Practice
LAW7068H
Judicial Decision-Making
LAW7069H
Internet Law and Governance
LAW7070H
Economic Analysis of Law
LAW7071H
Youth and the Law
LAW7072H
Constitutional Design for Divided Societies: Theory and Cases
LAW7073H
Student Scholarship Workshop
LAW7074H
Alternative Dispute Resolution in the Legal Environment
LAW7075H
Ethics in the Business Law Setting
LAW7076H
Refugee Law
LAW7077H
Introduction to the Canadian Legal System
LAW7078H
Law of Forced Migration
LAW7079H
Litigation and Dispute Resolution
LAW7080H
Clinical Legal Education Connect Legal
LAW7081H
Foundations of Legal Theory
LAW7082H
International Humanitarian Law (the Law of Armed Conflict)
LAW7083H
Law and Globalization Workshop
LAW7084H
Capstone Course: Intersection Between Criminal and Family Law: Challenges of Concurrent Proceedings
LAW7085H
Capstone Course: the Role of the Judge
LAW7086H
Refugee Rights
LAW7087H
Practice and Theory of Indigenous Law
LAW7088H
Geographies of International Law
LAW7089H
Intensive Course: Brecht: A Case Study in Law and Literature
LAW7090H
Legal Innovation
LAW7091H
Values and Models of Federalism in a Comparative Perspective
LAW7092H
Intensive Course: International Intellectual Property and Development
LAW7093H
Advanced Constitutional Law
LAW7094Y
Public International Law
LAW7103H Appeals: Principles and Practice
LAW7104H Indigenous Legal Traditions and the Imperial Response
LAW7105H Indigenous People and Canadian Courts: Advocacy, Evidentiary, and Ethical Issues
LAW7109H Intensive Course: Comparative Constitutional Law of Free Expression
LAW7110H Intensive Course: Constitutional Design in Post Conflict Democracies
LAW7111H Intensive Course: Feminisms and Pornography, c 1975-1995
LAW7114H The Legal Profession in Popular Culture
LAW7115H Intensive Course: snuw’yulh: Indigenous Legal Traditions in the Coast Salish World
LAW7116H Intensive Course: The Rabbinic Idea of Law
LAW7120H Intensive Course: Anishinaabe Law in Toronto: Understanding Constitutionalism in Context
LAW7135H Intensive Course: The Law as a Conversation Among Equals
LAW7136H Intensive Course: Law and Visual Culture
LAW7137H Intensive Course: Kayanerenkó:wa, the Haudenosaunee Law of Peace
LAW7138H Intensive Course: Lawyering for Social Change
LAW7572H LLM Seminar
LAW8000Y
Thesis
LAW8001H
Directed Research Program (Graduate Students Only)
CHL5704H
International Human Rights Law and Global Health: The Right to Health in Theory and Practice
HAD5765H
Case Studies in Health Policy
HAD5768H
International Perspectives on Health Services Management
HAD5775H
Competition, Cooperation, and Strategy in Health Care
HAD6762H
Health Services Organization and Management Comprehensive Course
JDM3619H
Digital Media Distribution (Credit/No Credit)

Law: Global Professional Law GPLLM

Global Professional Master of Laws

Program Description

The Global Professional Master of Laws (GPLLM) program is an executive graduate degree in law designed for (1) executives who wish to become more conversant in the substance and methodology of law; and (2) internationally trained lawyers who wish to become licensed to practise law in Canada. Courses are offered on alternating weekends: Friday evenings and all day Saturday.

The program may be completed in one year (three sessions with a F/W/S registration sequence) or through an extended full-time option that allows students to complete the program requirements over two years (six sessions with a F/W/S/F/W/S registration sequence).

The GPLLM offers the following concentrations:

  • Business Law
  • Canadian Law in a Global Context
  • Innovation, Law and Technology
  • Law of Leadership

 

Concentration: Business Law

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have completed a Juris Doctor (JD), Bachelor of Laws (LLB), or a bachelor's degree (in law or another discipline) from a recognized university, with a minimum mid-B average or equivalent in their final year of study.

  • Applicants must demonstrate a minimum of five years of full-time work experience.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who obtained their admitting degree (JD or LLB or undergraduate degree in any other discipline) from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of English proficiency by submitting English-language test scores. Several English-language testing services are acceptable. The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and International English Language Testing System (IELTS) are the most common tests:

    • TOEFL with the following minimum scores:

      • Paper-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 600, and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 100/120, and 24/30 on each section.

    • IELTS, Academic module: overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

    • The Certificate of Proficiency in English (COPE): overall score of 86 with at least 22 in both the listening and reading components, 40 in the writing component, and 7 in the speaking component (Test of Oral Proficiency).

    • The University of Toronto Academic English preparation course: overall grade of A in Level 60.

    • Canadian Academic English Language (CAEL) Online: overall score of 70 with at least 70 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English-language test.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework: 30 credits (7.5 full-course equivalents [FCEs]), as follows:

    • One required 3-credit course (equivalent to 0.75 FCE) as follows:

      • LAW4001H Law and Business in a Global Economy

    • 12 credits (equivalent to 3.0 FCEs) consisting of four courses within this concentration worth 3 credits each (0.75 FCE total) from this list:

      • LAW4002H Comparative Corporate Governance

      • LAW4003H Securities Regulation and Corporate Finance

      • LAW4004H Mergers and Acquisitions

      • LAW4005H Canadian and Cross-Border Issues in Corporate Tax

      • LAW4006H International Dispute Resolution

      • LAW4011H Law and Policy of Public Private Partnerships

      • LAW4012H Intellectual Property Law

      • LAW4013H Economic and Social Regulation and Competition Law

      • LAW4014H International Insolvency Law

      • LAW4015H Organization of Transactional Legal Practice

      • LAW4018H Foundations of Legal Theory

      • LAW4019H Anti-Corruption Law: International, Domestic, and Practical Perspectives

      • LAW4032H Intellectual Property and Strategy

      • LAW4036H Applied Contract Law

      • LAW4053H Law and Regulation of Banks and Financial Institutions

      • LAW4057H Cannabis Law and Regulation

      • LAW4058H Competition Law

      • LAW4059H Digital Trade

    • 15 credits (equivalent to 3.75 FCEs) consisting of five courses worth 3 credits each (0.75 FCE total) from any concentration. Not all courses will necessarily be available every year. The program reserves the discretion to decline student requests to complete certain electives based on course enrolment or otherwise.

Full-Time Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S)

Extended Full-Time Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

 

Concentration: Canadian Law in a Global Context

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have completed a Juris Doctor (JD), Bachelor of Laws (LLB), or a bachelor's degree (in law or another discipline) from a recognized university, with a minimum mid-B average or equivalent in their final year of study

  • Applicants must demonstrate at least five years of full-time work experience. However, applicants without five years of full-time work experience may be eligible for admission. If admitted, they will only be eligible to enrol in courses within the Canadian Law in a Global Context concentration.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who obtained their admitting degree (JD or LLB or undergraduate degree in any other discipline) from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of English proficiency by submitting English-language test scores. Several English-language testing services are acceptable. The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and International English Language Testing System (IELTS) are the most common tests:

    • TOEFL with the following minimum scores:

      • Paper-based TOEFL: overall minimum score of 600, and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: overall minimum score of 100/120, and 24/30 on each section.

    • IELTS, Academic module: overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

    • The Certificate of Proficiency in English (COPE): overall score of 86 with at least 22 in both the listening and reading components, 40 in the writing component, and 7 in the speaking component (Test of Oral Proficiency).

    • The University of Toronto Academic English preparation course: overall grade of A in Level 60.

    • Canadian Academic English Language (CAEL) Online: overall score of 70 with at least 70 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English-language test.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework: 30 credits (7.5 full-course equivalents [FCEs]), as follows:

    • One required 3-credit course (equivalent to 0.75 FCE) as follows:

      • LAW4010H Foundations of Canadian Law

    • 12 credits (equivalent to 3.0 FCEs) consisting of four seminar courses within this concentration worth 3 credits each (0.75 FCE total) from this list:

      • LAW4007H Canadian Administrative Law

      • LAW4008H Canadian Constitutional Law

      • LAW4009H Canadian Criminal Law

      • LAW4017H Professional Responsibility

      • LAW4020H Property Law

      • LAW4021H Tort Law

      • LAW4022H Contract Law

      • LAW4023H Business Organizations

      • LAW4024H Applied Legal Research and Writing

      • LAW4051H Evidence Law

    • 15 credits (3.75 FCEs) consisting of five courses worth 3 credits each (0.75 FCE) from any concentration. Not all elective courses will necessarily be available every year. The program reserves the discretion to decline student requests to complete certain electives based on course enrolment or otherwise.

Note: Canadian Law in a Global Context students without the minimum five years of full-time work experience may only select electives from within their concentration.

Full-Time Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S)

Extended Full-Time Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

 

Concentration: Innovation, Law and Technology

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have completed a Juris Doctor (JD), Bachelor of Laws (LLB), or a bachelor's degree (in law or another discipline) from a recognized university, with a minimum mid-B average or equivalent in their final year of study.

  • Applicants must demonstrate a minimum of five years of full-time work experience.

  • Applicants should demonstrate an interest in technology and entrepreneurship in their application materials.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who obtained their admitting degree (JD or LLB or undergraduate degree in any other discipline) from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of English proficiency by submitting English-language test scores. Several English-language testing services are acceptable. The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and International English Language Testing System (IELTS) are the most common tests:

    • TOEFL with the following minimum scores:

      • Paper-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 600, and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 100/120, and 24/30 on each section.

    • IELTS, Academic module: overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

    • The Certificate of Proficiency in English (COPE): overall score of 86 with at least 22 in both the listening and reading components, 40 in the writing component, and 7 in the speaking component (Test of Oral Proficiency).

    • The University of Toronto Academic English preparation course: overall grade of A in Level 60.

    • Canadian Academic English Language (CAEL) Online: overall score of 70 with at least 70 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English-language test.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework: 30 credits (7.5 full-course equivalents [FCEs]), as follows:

    • One required 3-credit course (equivalent to 0.75 FCE) as follows:

      • LAW4026H The Law of Disruptive Technologies and Artificial Intelligence

    • 12 credits (equivalent to 3.0 FCEs) consisting of four courses within this concentration worth 3 credits each (0.75 FCE total) from this list:

      • LAW4012H Intellectual Property Law

      • LAW4027H Legal Technology and Informatics

      • LAW4028H Blockchain, Digital Assets, and the Law

      • LAW4029H Computational Law

      • LAW4030H Financing Technological Innovation

      • LAW4031H Cybersecurity and Data Protection in a Global Information Economy

      • LAW4032H Intellectual Property and Strategy

      • LAW4033H Design Thinking

      • LAW4034H Launching Technology Ventures

      • LAW4035H The Internet of Things

      • LAW4036H Applied Contract Law

      • LAW4046H Privacy and Data Governance

      • LAW4047H The Legal Challenges of Digital Environments

      • LAW4048H Health, Innovation, and the Law

      • LAW4052H Law of Software Development and Commercialization

      • LAW4055H Taxonomy of Innovation: Solving Business Problems and Reducing Legal Friction

    • 15 credits (equivalent to 3.75 FCEs) consisting of five courses worth 3 credits each (0.75 FCE total) from any concentration. Not all elective courses will necessarily be available every year. The program reserves the discretion to decline student requests to complete certain electives based on course enrolment or otherwise.

Full-Time Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S)

Extended Full-Time Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

 

Concentration: Law of Leadership

Admissions to the Law of Leadership concentration have been administratively suspended.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have completed a Juris Doctor (JD), Bachelor of Laws (LLB), or a bachelor's degree (in law or another discipline) from a recognized university, with a minimum mid-B average or equivalent in their final year of study.

  • Applicants must have a minimum of five years of full-time work experience.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who obtained their admitting degree (JD or LLB or undergraduate degree in any other discipline) from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of English proficiency by submitting English-language test scores. Several English-language testing services are acceptable. The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and International English Language Testing System (IELTS) are the most common tests:

    • TOEFL with the following minimum scores:

      • Paper-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 600, and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: minimum overall score of 100/120, and 24/30 on each section.

    • IELTS, Academic module: overall score of 7.5 with at least 7.0 in each component.

    • The Certificate of Proficiency in English (COPE): overall score of 86 with at least 22 in both the listening and reading components, 40 in the writing component, and 7 in the speaking component (Test of Oral Proficiency).

    • The University of Toronto Academic English preparation course: overall grade of A in Level 60.

    • Canadian Academic English Language (CAEL) Online: overall score of 70 with at least 70 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English-language test.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework: 30 credits (7.5 full-course equivalents [FCEs]), as follows:

    • One required 3-credit course (equivalent to 0.75 FCE) as follows:

      • LAW4050H Perspectives on Leadership and the Law

    • 12 credits (equivalent to 3.0 FCEs) consisting of four courses within this concentration worth 3 credits each (0.75 FCE) from this list:

      • LAW4016H Corporate Social Responsibility, Ethics, and the Law

      • LAW4036H Applied Contract Law

      • LAW4037H Procedural Fairness in Decision Making

      • LAW4038H Dispute Resolution and Negotiations

      • LAW4039H Law of the Workplace

      • LAW4040H Harassment, Discrimination, and the Duty to Accommodate

      • LAW4041H Health Law

      • LAW4042H Procurement Law

      • LAW4043H Privacy and Expression in the Digital Age

      • LAW4044H Education Law

      • LAW4045H Executive Compensation

      • LAW4049H Privacy and Freedom of Information

      • LAW4054H Management and Resolution of Legal Disputes

    • 15 credits (equivalent to 3.75 FCEs) consisting of five courses worth 3 credits each (0.75 FCE) from any concentration. Not all elective courses will necessarily be available every year. The program reserves the discretion to decline student requests to complete certain electives based on course enrolment or otherwise.

Full-Time Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S)

Extended Full-Time Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

Law: Global Professional Law GPLLM Courses

All courses are offered in modules. A module will be approximately four months in length. Courses will be offered during the evening and on the weekend. A large portion of the learning for the modules will take place outside of class through carefully designed reading, assignments, projects, and group study.

LAW4001H Law and Business in a Global Economy
LAW4002H
Comparative Corporate Governance
LAW4003H
Securities Regulation and Corporate Finance
LAW4004H
Mergers and Acquisitions
LAW4005H Canadian and Cross-Border Issues in Corporate Tax
LAW4006H International Dispute Resolution
LAW4007H
Canadian Administrative Law
LAW4008H
Canadian Constitutional Law
LAW4009H
Canadian Criminal Law
LAW4010H Foundations of Canadian Law
LAW4011H Law and Policy of Public Private Partnerships
LAW4012H Intellectual Property Law
LAW4013H Economic and Social Regulation and Competition Law
LAW4014H International Insolvency Law
LAW4015H Organization of Transactional Legal Practice
LAW4016H Corporate Social Responsibility, Ethics, and the Law
LAW4017H Professional Responsibility
LAW4018H Foundations of Legal Theory
LAW4019H
Anti-Corruption Law: International, Domestic, and Practical Perspectives
LAW4020H Property Law
LAW4021H Tort Law
LAW4022H Contract Law
LAW4023H Business Organizations
LAW4024H Applied Legal Research and Writing
LAW4026H The Law of Disruptive Technologies and Artificial Intelligence
LAW4027H Legal Technology and Informatics
LAW4028H Blockchain, Digital Assets, and the Law
LAW4029H Computational Law
LAW4030H Financing Technological Innovation
LAW4031H Cybersecurity and Data Protection in a Global Information Economy
LAW4032H Intellectual Property and Strategy
LAW4033H Design Thinking
LAW4034H Launching Technology Ventures
LAW4035H The Internet of Things
LAW4036H Applied Contract Law
LAW4037H Procedural Fairness in Decision Making
LAW4038H Dispute Resolution and Negotiations
LAW4039H Law of the Workplace
LAW4040H Harassment, Discrimination, and the Duty to Accommodate
LAW4041H Health Law
LAW4042H Procurement Law
LAW4043H Privacy and Expression in the Digital Age
LAW4044H Education Law
LAW4045H Executive Compensation
LAW4046H Privacy and Data Governance
LAW4047H The Legal Challenges of Digital Environments
LAW4048H Health, Innovation, and the Law
LAW4049H Privacy and Freedom of Information
LAW4050H Perspectives on Leadership and the Law
LAW4051H Evidence Law
LAW4052H Law of Software Development and Commercialization
LAW4053H Law and Regulation of Banks and Financial Institutions
LAW4054H Management and Resolution of Legal Disputes
LAW4055H Taxonomy of Innovation: Solving Business Problems and Reducing Legal Friction
LAW4056H Crisis Management and Leadership
LAW4057H Cannabis Law and Regulation
LAW4058H Competition Law
LAW4059H Digital Trade