Law: Law LLM

Master of Laws

Program Description

The Master of Laws (LLM) is a one-year degree program that provides students with an opportunity for more profound study beyond their first law degree.

The LLM program can be thesis-intensive (with both a short or long thesis option) or coursework-only. The short and long thesis options are for law students who have demonstrated a strong potential for advanced research and original scholarship. The coursework-only option is for law students who wish to specialize in a specific area of law or explore common law at an advanced level.

Within the LLM program, students also have the option of applying to pursue one of four areas of concentration:

  • an LLM with a Concentration in Business Law
  • an LLM with a Concentration in Criminal Law
  • an LLM with a Concentration in Health Law, Ethics, and Policy
  • an LLM with a Concentration in Legal Theory.

Students accepted into a concentration will receive a designation on their transcript. There are a limited number of spots available for students in each of the areas of concentration, and acceptance into the concentrations will be competitive.

The program is completed on a full-time basis. Part-time registration may be considered in exceptional circumstances.

 

LLM Program (No Concentration): Thesis Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree from a recognized university, or the international equivalent of a law degree if from a foreign institution. Applicants must have a minimum B+ average. Preference will be given to applicants who maintain this average throughout their legal studies, i.e., during the course of their entire law degree. 

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of having taken one of the following tests:

    • the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on each section.

    • the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

Program Requirements

  • A course of studies and a thesis which, combined, are valued at 24 credit hours (equivalent to 6.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]).

    • The course of studies shall involve a minimum of 8 credit hours (equivalent to 2.0 FCEs) of coursework and a maximum of 20 credit hours (equivalent to 5.0 FCEs) of coursework.

    • The thesis shall involve a minimum of 4 credit hours, equivalent to 1.0 FCE, (in which case the thesis will generally be expected to be 50 to 60 pages double-spaced, approximately 15,000 to 18,000 words). The maximum is 16 credit hours, equivalent to 4.0 FCEs (in which case the thesis will generally be expected to be between 100 and 150 pages double-spaced, approximately 30,000 to 45,000 words).

  • Mandatory graduate seminar for all students in the LLM program, whether or not they are writing a thesis or pursuing a concentration: LAW 7572H LLM Seminar (0.25 FCE).

  • Mandatory graduate seminar for all students in the LLM program who are writing a thesis, whether or not they are pursuing a concentration: LAW 1000H Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship (0.75 FCE).

  • All coursework and the thesis shall be graded using the graduate grading scale as outlined in the University Assessment and Grading Practices Policy.

  • In determining the composition of the course of studies and the weight to be given to a thesis, the Faculty of Law will endeavour to structure a program designed to accommodate an individual student and the subject matter of the thesis. However, such course of studies and the weight of the thesis shall at all times be determined by the Faculty.

  • For those writing a thesis, the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the academic year of attendance; the thesis must be completed by July 31 of the academic year of attendance.

  • With approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies, Law, the program may be taken on a part-time basis over two years, in which case the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the second academic year of attendance; the thesis must be completed by July 31 of the second academic year of attendance.

  • Residence. Students must be in attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

 

LLM Program (No Concentration): Coursework-Only Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree from a recognized university, or the international equivalent of a law degree if from a foreign institution. Applicants must have a minimum B+ average. Preference will be given to applicants who maintain this average throughout their legal studies, i.e., during the course of their entire law degree. 

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of having taken one of the following tests:

    • the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on each section.

    • the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

Program Requirements

  • A course of studies valued at 28 credit hours (equivalent to 7.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]). In addition, students pursuing this option must designate one course as their designated writing requirement course. Only courses requiring one or more written assignments of at least 3,500 words (combined) will qualify as designated writing requirement courses. LAW 1000H and LAW 7077H do not qualify as designated writing requirement courses.

  • Mandatory graduate seminar for all students in the LLM program, whether or not they are writing a thesis or pursuing a concentration: LAW 7572H LLM Seminar (0.25 FCE);

  • All coursework shall be graded using the graduate grading scale as outlined in the University Assessment and Grading Practices Policy.

  • In determining the composition of the course of studies, the Faculty of Law will endeavour to structure a program designed to accommodate an individual student. However, such course of studies shall at all times be determined by the Faculty.

  • The coursework requirements for all courses apart from the designated writing requirement course must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the academic year of attendance; the writing requirement must be fulfilled by July 31 of the academic year of attendance. 

  • With approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies, Law, the program may be taken on a part-time basis over two years, in which case the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the second academic year of attendance; the writing requirement must be completed by July 31 of the second academic year of attendance.

  • Continuation in Year 2 of the part-time LLM program is subject to the Faculty of Law's determination that the student has made satisfactory progress in Year 1 of the part-time LLM.

  • Residence. Students must be in attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

 

LLM Program (With a Concentration): Thesis Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree from a recognized university, or the international equivalent of a law degree if from a foreign institution. Applicants must have a minimum B+ average. Preference will be given to applicants who maintain this average throughout their legal studies, i.e., during the course of their entire law degree. 

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of having taken one of the following tests:

    • the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on each section.

    • the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

  • Students applying to one of the four areas of concentration must address their interest in the area of concentration in their statement of interest/personal statement. Applicants must substantiate their interest in and suitability for the particular area of concentration through this statement, their letters of reference, and a research proposal. Students may only apply to one of the areas of concentration.

Program Requirements

  • The total number of credits to be completed, through a combination of a course of studies and the thesis, is 24 credits (6.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]). The thesis shall involve a minimum of 4 credit hours (1.0 FCE), and a maximum of 16 credit hours (4.0 FCEs), and must be in the area of concentration.

  • For students completing a 4-credit thesis and pursuing a concentration: 

    • at least 8 credits of coursework must be taken from a list of courses in the area of concentration, which will be provided annually on the program website; 

    • the remaining required credits can be taken through courses either within or outside the area of concentration.

  • For students completing a 16-credit thesis and pursuing a concentration:

    • the thesis must be in the area of concentration; 

    • in addition, at least 2 course credits (0.5 FCE) must be completed from a list of courses in the area of concentration, which will be provided annually on the program website; 

    • the remaining credits can be taken through courses either within or outside the area of concentration.

  • Students pursuing the concentration in Legal Theory must complete the mandatory 3-credit course LAW 7081H Foundations of Legal Theory (0.75 FCE). This course will count towards the credits required for the area of concentration.

  • Mandatory graduate seminar for all students in the LLM program, whether or not they are writing a thesis or pursuing a concentration: LAW 7572H LLM Seminar (0.25 FCE).

  • Mandatory graduate seminar for all students in the LLM program who are writing a thesis, whether or not they are pursuing a concentration: LAW 1000H Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship (0.75 FCE).

  • All coursework and the thesis shall be graded using the graduate grading scale as outlined in the University Assessment and Grading Practices Policy.

  • In determining the composition of the course of studies and the weight to be given to a thesis, the Faculty of Law will endeavour to structure a program designed to accommodate an individual student and the subject matter of the thesis. However, such course of studies and the weight of the thesis shall at all times be determined by the Faculty.

  • For those writing a thesis, the coursework requirements must be completed by  the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the academic year of attendance; the thesis must be completed by July 31 of the academic year of attendance.

  • With approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies, Law, the program may be taken on a part-time basis over two years, in which case the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the second academic year of attendance; the thesis must be completed by July 31 of the second academic year of attendance.

  • Residence. Students must be in attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

 

LLM Program (With a Concentration): Coursework-Only Option

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Bachelor of Laws or Juris Doctor degree from a recognized university, or the international equivalent of a law degree if from a foreign institution. Applicants must have a minimum B+ average. Preference will be given to applicants who maintain this average throughout their legal studies, i.e., during the course of their entire law degree. 

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of having taken one of the following tests:

    • the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on each section.

    • the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

  • Students applying to one of the four areas of concentration must address their interest in the area of concentration in their statement of interest/personal statement. Applicants must substantiate their interest in and suitability for the particular area of concentration through this statement, and their two letters of reference. Students may only apply to one of the areas of concentration. Students may be admitted into the LLM program without a concentration.

Program Requirements

  • The total number of credits will be 28 credit hours (7.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]), and one of the courses must be a designated writing requirement course in the area of concentration. Only courses requiring one or more written assignments of at least 3,500 words (combined) will qualify as designated writing requirement courses. LAW 1000H and LAW 7077H do not qualify as writing requirement courses. At least 12 of the credits must be completed from a list of courses in the area of concentration which will be provided annually on the program website.

  • Students pursuing the concentration in Legal Theory must complete the mandatory 3-credit course, LAW 7081H Foundations of Legal Theory (0.75 FCE). This course will count towards the credits required for the area of concentration.

  • Mandatory graduate seminar for all students in the LLM program, whether or not they are writing a thesis or pursuing a concentration: LAW 7572H LLM Seminar (0.25 FCE).

  • All coursework shall be graded using the graduate grading scale as outlined in the University Assessment and Grading Practices Policy.

  • In determining the composition of the course of study, the Faculty of Law will endeavour to structure a program designed to accommodate an individual student. However, such course of studies shall at all times be determined by the Faculty.

  • The coursework requirements for all courses apart from the designated writing requirement course must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the academic year of attendance; the writing requirement must be fulfilled by July 31 of the academic year of attendance. 

  • With approval of the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies, Law, the program may be taken on a part-time basis over two years, in which case the coursework requirements must be completed by the Faculty’s Winter sessional deadlines of the second academic year of attendance; the writing requirement must be completed by July 31 of the second academic year of attendance.

  • Continuation in Year 2 of the part-time LLM program is subject to the Faculty of Law's determination that the student has made satisfactory progress in Year 1 of the part-time LLM studies.

  • Residence. Students must be in attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time (exceptional circumstances only)

 

Dual Degree Program: Bachelor of Laws (National University of Singapore) / Master of Laws (University of Toronto)

Program Description

This dual degree program is offered as part of the LLM’s coursework-only option, with or without a concentration. Students are not eligible to take the thesis option. The four areas of concentration are: Business Law; Criminal Law; Health Law, Ethics, and Policy; and Legal Theory. 

Students complete three years of a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) from the National University of Singapore (NUS), and in Year 4 complete the LLM degree at the University of Toronto. Students complete the LLB and LLM degrees in four years rather than the five it would take to attain them separately. See the LLM requirements above.

Upon successful completion of the degree requirements of both programs, students receive a Bachelor of Laws degree and a Master of Laws degree.

Contact

Bachelor of Laws Program
Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore
Email: lawUGadm@nus.edu.sg

Master of Laws Program
Faculty of Law, University of Toronto
Email: law.graduate@utoronto.ca

Application Process

  • Initial consideration for admission to the dual degree program will be based on the applicant’s performance during the first three terms of the NUS LLB program.

  • All offers of admission to the dual degree program will be conditional upon successful completion of all Year 1, 2, and 3 requirements of the LLB program before starting the LLM program.

  • Applicants are eligible for admission to the LLM’s coursework-only option, with or without a concentration.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Faculty of Law's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Successful completion of the first three years of the NUS LLB program, with the equivalent of a B+ average. Preference will be given to those who maintain this average throughout their legal studies.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must show evidence of having taken one of the following tests:

    • the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the following minimum scores:

      • paper-based TOEFL: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

      • Internet-based TOEFL: 100/120 and 24/30 on each section.

    • the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Academic module, with an overall score of 7.5 with at least 7 in each component.

  • No conditional offers of admission will be given based on successful completion of an English language test.

  • Students applying to one of the four areas of concentration must address their interest in the area of concentration in their statement of interest/personal statement. Applicants must substantiate their interest in and suitability for the particular area of concentration through this statement, and their two letters of reference. Students may only apply to one of the areas of concentration. Students may be admitted into the LLM program without a concentration.

  • Residence. Students must be in attendance for at least two academic sessions (eight months, September to April).