Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Introduction

Faculty Affiliation

Arts and Science

Degree Programs

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

MSc and PhD

Collaborative Specializations

The following collaborative specializations are available to students in participating degree programs as listed below:

Overview

The disciplines of ecology and evolutionary biology involve complementary perspectives on biological systems. Individual and collaborative research within the department covers the range of both disciplines and often involves study and synthesis across multiple levels of organization. Professors' research interests include population/community ecology, ecosystem/landscape/evolutionary ecology, conservation biology, genetics, evolutionary genetics, genomics, molecular evolution, bioinformatics, behaviour, behaviour genetics, theoretical biology, plant biology, animal biology, taxonomy/systematics, developmental biology, anatomy, and physiology.

Strong links exist between the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (EEB) and the Royal Ontario Museum, the Centre for Global Change, and the School of the Environment. The University owns a nearby field station dedicated to ecological and evolutionary research (the Koffler Scientific Reserve). The department also has partnerships with government agencies including the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry that helps provide access to infrastructure, including lab facilities in Algonquin Provincial Park, funding, and long-term data sets.

Graduate students are engaged in all aspects of the departmental community including reading and discussion groups, seminars, and social events. Other activities include workshops on writing papers, giving presentations, R and Python, and finding positions — both academic and those outside of universities.

The EEB department has 60 faculty members specializing in ecology and evolution. Professors supervising graduate students are located on all three campuses of the University (St. George, Mississauga, Scarborough) as well as at the Royal Ontario Museum.

Contact and Address

Web: www.eeb.utoronto.ca
Email: gradadmin.eeb@utoronto.ca
Telephone: (416) 978-7172
Fax: (416) 978-5878

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
University of Toronto
Earth Sciences Centre
Room 3046, 25 Willcocks Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3B2
Canada

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Graduate Faculty

Full Members

Agrawal, Aneil - BSc, PhD, CRC
Andrade, Maydianne - BSc, MS, PhD
Barrett, Spencer - BSc, PhD
Boonstra, Rudy - BSc, PhD
Cadotte, Marc - BS, MS, PhD
Chang, Belinda - AB, PhD, CRC
Collins, Nicholas C. - BA, PhD
Cutter, Asher - PhD, CRC
Cyr, Helene - BSc, MSc, PhD
D'Aloia, Cassidy - BA. PhD
Eckenwalder, James - BA, PhD
Fitzpatrick, Mark - BS, MS, PhD
Fortin, Marie-Josée - MSc, PhD
Frederickson, Megan - AB, PhD
Fulthorpe, Roberta - BSc, MSc, PhD
Gilbert, Benjamin - BSc, MSc, PhD
Gross, Mart - BSc, PhD
Guttman, David - BS, PhD
Gwynne, Darryl - BSc, PhD
Jackson, Donald - BSc, MSc, PhD
Johnson, Marc - BSc, PhD
Kohn, Linda - BS, PhD
Kotanen, Peter - BSc, MSc, PhD
Krkosek, Marty - BSc, PhD
Kvist, Sebastian - BS, MS
Levine, Joel - BA, PhD
Lovejoy, Nathan Richard - BSc, MS, PhD
Lujan, Nathan - BSC, PhD
MacIvor, Scott - BSc, MSc, PhD
Mandrak, Nicholas - BSc, MSc, PhD
Mason, Andrew - MS, PhD
McCauley, Shannon - PhD
McLennan, Deborah - BSc, PhD
McMeans, Bailey - BSc, MSc, PhD
Mideo, Nicole - BSc, PhD
Murray, Rosalind - BSc, MSc, PhD
Parins-Fukuchi, Caroline - AB, PhD
Ratcliffe, John - BSc, MSc, PhD
Reisz, Robert - BSc, MSc, PhD, FRSC
Rochman, Chelsea - BS, PhD
Rodd, Helen - MSc, PhD
Rowe, Locke - BSc, MSc, PhD, CRC
Sage, Rowan - PhD
Sage, Tammy - BA, MS, PhD
Short, Steven - BSc, PhD
Sokolowski, Marla - BSc, PhD, CRC (Interim Chair and Graduate Chair)
Stefanovic, Sasa - MSc, PhD
Stinchcombe, John - BA, PhD
Sztepanacz, Jacqueline - BSc, MSc, PhD
Thomson, James - MS, PhD
Wagner, Helene - MSc, MSc, PhD
Wang, Yan - BSc, MSc, PhD
Weir, Jason Tyler - AB, PhD
Weis, Arthur - BPhil, PhD
Wright, Stephen - BSc, MS, PhD, CRC

Members Emeriti

Dengler, Nancy - BA, MS, PhD
Harvey, Harold - MSc, PhD
Morris, Glenn - BSA, MS, PhD
Sprules, Gary - BSc, MA, PhD

Associate Members

Chu, Cindy - BSc, MSc, PhD
De Kerckhove, Derrick - BSc, MSc, PhD
Dickinson, Timothy - BSc, MSc, PhD
James, Patrick - PhD
Jeffrey, Melanie - PhD, PhD
Lauzon, Ryan - BSc
Lester, Nigel Paul - BA, MSc, PhD
Ray, Justina - BS, MS, PhD
Ridgway, Mark - MSc, PhD
Ryan, Kathleen - BSC, MSC
Shuter, Brian - BSc, MSc, PhD
Somers, Keith - MSc, PhD

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology MSc

Master of Science

Program Description

The main goal of the MSc program is to provide students with the opportunity to design, conduct, and write up a substantial independent research project. Students’ projects cover the full range of topics listed in the Overview (above) and may include field work, lab work, bioinformatics, computer simulations, and/or theory. MSc students must demonstrate competence in independent research and will do research with the goal of authoring or co-authoring a scientific publication. Graduates go on to a wide range of careers including jobs in government agencies, teaching, and higher education.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university, with an average grade equivalent to a University of Toronto B+ or better in the last year of the bachelor's degree and a minimum B average in the previous year.

  • Applicants will not be admitted until they have secured an agreement with a graduate faculty member to sponsor and supervise the student's research.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Students must successfully complete 0.5 graduate full-course equivalent (FCE) chosen from courses offered by the EEB department or, with the permission of the supervisor(s) and supervisory committee, offered by other U of T departments. Students should consult supervisory faculty about the most appropriate courses.

  • Students must complete a thesis under the direction of the student's supervisor, assisted by an advisory committee, and defended at an oral examination.

Program Length

4 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology PhD

Doctor of Philosophy

Program Description

The main goal of the PhD program is to provide students with the opportunity to design, conduct, and write about a series of substantial, inter-related, independent research projects. Students’ projects cover the full range of topics listed in the Overview (above) and may include field work, lab work, bioinformatics, theory, computer simulations, or some combination of these approaches.

  • PhD students are expected to complete an original independent research program that makes substantial and innovative contributions to their field of research. It is expected that PhD candidates will publish a number of primary scientific papers based on their research.

  • A thesis is completed under the direction of the student's supervisor(s), assisted by a supervisory (advisory) committee, and defended at an oral examination.

  • The average time to completion is 5.5 years.

Applicants may enter the PhD program via one of three routes: 1) following completion of an MSc degree; 2) transfer from the University of Toronto MSc program; or 3) direct entry following completion of a BSc degree.

 

PhD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Students will be admitted only when they have made arrangements to secure a research supervisor by contacting professors in the department.

  • Applicants may be accepted who already hold an MSc degree from a recognized university with a grade average equivalent to at least a University of Toronto A– during the MSc and an average of at least B+ in the last year of the bachelor's program.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Students must successfully complete a total of 1.5 graduate full-course equivalents (FCEs) (three half courses). These courses are chosen from those offered by the EEB department, or with the permission of the supervisor(s) and supervisory committee, offered by other U of T departments.

  • During an appraisal exam, students are examined on both their mastery of concepts in ecology and evolutionary biology and a submitted research proposal. Students are examined 14 to 20 months into the program.

  • Students must deliver two public seminars in the department based on their thesis research.

  • Students must submit a thesis and defend it at a Doctoral Final Oral Examination conducted by the School of Graduate Studies.

Program Length

4 years

Time Limit

6 years

 

PhD Program (Transfer)

Transfer Requirements

  • Applicants may be accepted first into the MSc program from a bachelor's program and, conditional upon evidence of research excellence as judged by the thesis supervisory committee, may transfer into the PhD program.

  • Students must make arrangements to secure a research supervisor by contacting professors in the department.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Students must successfully complete a total of 2.0 graduate full-course equivalents (FCEs) (four half courses). These courses are chosen from those offered by the EEB department or, with the permission of the supervisor(s) and supervisory committee, offered by other U of T departments.

  • Students transferring into the PhD program from the MSc may apply 0.5 graduate FCE towards the PhD course requirement.

  • During an appraisal exam, students are examined on both their mastery of concepts in ecology and evolutionary biology and a submitted research proposal. Students are examined 14 to 26 months into the program.

  • Students must deliver two public seminars in the department based on their thesis research.

  • Students must submit a thesis and defend it at a Doctoral Final Oral Examination conducted by the School of Graduate Studies.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

 

PhD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Students will be admitted only when they have made arrangements to secure a research supervisor by contacting professors in the department.

  • Exceptional applicants may be accepted for direct entry into the PhD with a BSc degree, an average grade equivalent to a University of Toronto A– or better in courses in ecology and evolutionary biology, and evidence of research potential.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Exceptional students admitted to the PhD program without an MSc degree must successfully complete a total of 2.0 graduate full-course equivalents (FCEs) (four half courses). These courses are chosen from those offered by the EEB department, or with the permission of the supervisor(s) and supervisory committee, offered by other U of T departments.

  • During an appraisal exam, students are examined on both their mastery of concepts in ecology and evolutionary biology and a submitted research proposal. Students are examined 14 to 26 months into the program.

  • Students must deliver two public seminars in the department based on their thesis research.

  • Students must submit a thesis and defend it at a Doctoral Final Oral Examination conducted by the School of Graduate Studies.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology MSc, PhD Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Please visit the Ecology and Evolutionary Biology website for a current list of course offerings including special topics courses.

Courses Offered at the Graduate Level Only

Course Code Course Title
EEB1210H
Advanced Statistics
EEB1230H
Multivariate Statistics
EEB1250H
Spatial Statistics
EEB1310H
Philosophy and Methods
EEB1315H
Professional Skills Development in EEB
EEB1320H
Ecology
EEB1350H
Evolution
EEB1420H
Special Topics in Ecology
EEB1423H
Special Topics: Ecology I
EEB1430H Modelling in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
EEB1440H
Special Topics in Evolution
EEB1450H
Special Topics in Ecology and Evolution A
EEB1451H
Special Topics in Ecology and Evolution B
EEB1452H
Special Topics: Evolution/Ecology Module I
EEB1453H
Special Topics: Evolution/Ecology Module II
EEB1454H Special Topics: Evolution/Ecology Module III
EEB1455H Special Topics: Evolution/Ecology Module IV
EEB1456H Special Topics: Evolution/Ecology Module V

Graduate Courses With Significant Undergraduate Content

These courses will normally constitute only a minor component of the required credits.

Course Code Course Title
EEB1328H
Physiological Ecology
EEB1340H
Comparative Plant Morphology
EEB1443H
Phylogenetic Principles
EEB1459H
Theoretical Population Genetics
EEB1460H
Molecular Evolution
EEB1462H Phylogenetic Systematics