French Language and Literature

French Language and Literature: Introduction

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Faculty Affiliation

Arts and Science

Degree Programs​

French Language and Literature

​MA
PhD

Collaborative Specializations

The following collaborative specializations are available to students in participating degree progr​ams as listed below:

  1. Book History and Print Culture
    • French Language and Literature, MA, PhD
  2. Sexual Diversity Studies
    • French Language and Literature, MA, PhD
  3. Women and Gender Studies
    • French Language and Literature, MA, PhD

Overview

The Department of French has a rich history dating back to 1853. Since 1925, when the first PhD was granted, the Department has remained one of the most reputed departments of its kind in Canada. Many PhD graduates are professors of French in Canadian and foreign universities. Since 1980, the Department has graduated more than 200 PhDs.

Our graduate students benefit from a number of exceptional resources, including the outstanding collections at the Robarts Library (containing more than 500,000 volumes in French) and the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library. The Department participates in several collaborative specializations and has strong connections with other academic units.

 Home to several research groups and projects, the Department offers students vital and stimulating collaborative opportunities for research. The Department also publishes its own peer-reviewed journal, Arborescences, with graduate student support. Graduate students are welcome to participate in many faculty-led research groups.

The Department hosts lectures presented by renowned scholars, giving students a chance to network with specialists in their field. Contemporary writers from France and Québec are frequently invited to read from their works.

Department professors with literary studies expertise specialize in every period of French literature, Québec and francophone literature, and all the major types of literary theory and methodology. In linguistics, particular strengths include first and second language acquisition, languages in contact including creole studies, and formal linguistics. Several linguistics professors have strong links and collaborative research projects with Romance and Hispanic linguists and the Department of Linguistics at U of T.

Graduate students organize Friday workshops, a forum for sharing their work in progress, as well as an annual graduate conference. Linguistics students enjoy access to a top-notch Linguistics Laboratory that is equipped with technology for data analysis, for conducting psycholinguistic experiments, a space for meeting and testing subjects, and a French Linguistics library.

The MA program provides advanced academic development in either literature or linguistics, as well as outstanding training in research and communication skills in French, preparing students for doctoral studies and careers in such fields as teaching, government administration, and communications. PhD students receive rigorous research training in either literature or linguistics, culminating in original research for their doctoral thesis. While primarily training students for academic careers at the university or community college levels, the PhD in French can also lead to employment opportunities in editorial work and professions outside academia. 

Contact and Address

Web: www.french.utoronto.ca
Email: french.graduate@utoronto.ca
Telephone: (416) 926-2307
Fax: (416) 926-2328

Department of French Language and Literature
University of Toronto
50 St. Joseph Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 1J4
Canada

French Language and Literature: Graduate Faculty

Full Members

Bhatt, Parth - BA, MA, PhD
Brousseau, Anne-Marie - PhD
Elkabas, Charles - BA, MA, PhD
Havercroft, Barbara - BA, MA, PhD
Holtz, Gregoire - LèsL, MA, DLitt
Kullmann, Dorothea - PhD
Le Huenen, Roland - DesL, DLitt
LeBlanc, Julie - BA, PhD
Michelucci, Pascal - BA, MA, PhD
Motsch, Andreas - PhD
Ndayiragije, Juvenal - PhD
Nikiema, Emmanuel - PhD
Paterson, Janet - BA, MA, PhD
Pirvulescu, Mihaela - MA, PhD
Portebois, Yannick - BA, MA, PhD
Riendeau, Pascal - BA, MA, PhD
Roberge, Yves - BA, MA, PhD
Steele, Jeffrey - BA, MA, PhD
Tcheuyap, Alexie - BA, MA, PhD (Graduate Chair)

Members Emeriti

Bertrand-Jennings, Chantal - LèsL, PhD
Boursier, Nicole - BLitt, DesL, PhD
Cloutier-Wojciechowska, Cecile - BA, MA, LèsL, DUP
Cozea, Angela - BA, MA, PhD
De Kerckhove, Derrick - BA, MA, PhD
Falconer, A. Graham - MA, DDeL'UN
Fitch, Brian - BA, PhD
Fitting, Peter - BA, PhD
Fleming, John - BA, MA, PhD
Grise, Catherine - BA, MA, PhD
Kerslake, Lawrence - PhD
Kushner, Eva - BA, MPH, PhD
Lehouck, Emile - BA, DesL
Lord, Michel - BA, MA, PhD
McClelland, John Alan - PhD
Nesselroth, Peter - BA, MA, PhD
O'Neill-Karch, Mariel - BA, MA
Perron, Paul - PhD
Smith, David - BA, PhD, PhD
Taylor, Robert - PhD
Tolton, Cameron - PhD
Wooldridge, Terence - BA, DDeL'UN

Associate Members

Cobb, Michael - BA, MA, AM, PhD
Cochelin, Isabelle - DipdESup, BA, MA, PhD
Colantoni, Laura - MA, PhD
Cuervo, Maria Cristina - PhD
Danesi, Marcel - BA, MA, PhD
Drouin, Sebastien - BA, MA, PhD
Jennings, Eric - BA, MA, PhD
Kortenaar, Neil ten - BA, MA, PhD
Labrie, Normand - BA, MA, PhD
Lanza, Andrea - PhD
Liakin, Denis - BA, MA, PhD
Lory, Marie-Paule - BA, MS, MS, PhD
Massam, Diane - BA, MA, PhD
Nagy, Naomi - BA, PhD
Papillon, Joelle - PhD
Perez-Leroux, Ana Teresa - MA, PhD
Peterson, Jordan - BA, BA, PhD
Pioffet, Marie-Christine - BLitt, MA, DLitt
Sarabia, Rosa - BA, PhD
Schallert, Joseph - PhD
Smyth, Ronald - BA, MSc, PhD
Spada, Nina - BA, MA, PhD
Takam, Aurelie - PhD
Theriault, Patrick - BA, MA, PhD
Thomson, Clive - BA, MA, PhD

French Language and Literature: French Language and Literature MA

Master of Arts​

Program Description

The Master of Arts program is both a self-contained program and the first stage towards doctoral studies. It has two objectives:

  • to allow the student to develop a thorough knowledge of the discipline through a program of coursework in French literary studies or linguistics and

  • to develop an aptitude for research.

It is a 12-month program for full-time students; the program is available on a part-time basis.

At the beginning of their course of study, students meet individually with either the Associate Chair or Graduate Coordinator in order to determine course selection with a view to ensuring that the student has a well-rounded program and, considered in conjunction with the undergraduate degree, has a broad knowledge of the discipline.

 

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies Applicants must also satisfy the Department of French Language and Literature's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • B+ average standing or better, with at least B+ in French. A B+ average does not automatically lead to admission.

  • Competence in French.

  • Concentration in French literature and/or linguistics, with a minimum of seven full courses, or equivalent, in French. A minimum of five of the seven full courses, or equivalent, should be in the proposed area of study (i.e., literature or linguistics).

  • Admission is based upon the evidence of the supporting letters and the applicant's academic record.

Program Requirements

  • Prerequisite work, if necessary.

  • Students in both literature and linguistics are required to complete 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • ​​​Students in literature complete 1.5 FCEs in literature (the three graduate courses FRE 1202H, FRE 1203H, and FRE 1204H) and

      • ​​​2.5 FCEs from the regular graduate course offerings; or

      • 2.0 FCEs and the 0.5-FCE FRE 5001H Research Essay, a memoire of approximately 35 pages; or

      • 1.5 FCEs and the 1.0-FCE FRE 5000Y Research Essay, a 65- to 75-page memoire.

    • Students in linguistics complete 1.5 FCEs in linguistics (the three graduate courses FRE 1103H, FRE 1104H, and FRE 1141H) and

      • ​​​2.5 FCEs from the regular graduate offerings; or

      • 2.0 FCEs and the 0.5-FCE FRE 5001H Research Essay, a memoire of approximately 35 pages; or

      • 1.5 FCEs and the 1.0-FCE FRE 5000Y Research Essay, a 65- to 75-page memoire.

  • Students must maintain a B average in order to be recommended for the degree and must obtain a minimum of mid-B in the Research Essay if taken. Students must also obtain a minimum of mid-B for the graduate seminars in literature (FRE 1202H, FRE 1203H, and FRE 1204H) or the graduate seminars in linguistics (FRE 1103H, FRE 1104H, and FRE 1141H).

  • Up to 1.0 FCE may be taken outside the department, with the permission of the Associate Chair, Graduate.

  • Normally, part-time students take the graduate seminars in literature or the graduate seminars in linguistics during the first year of their programs.

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S); 
6 sessions part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

French Language and Literature: French Language and Literature PhD

​Doctor of Philosophy​

Program Description

The Doctor of Philosophy is necessary preparation for a career in higher education in Canada and abroad which will include teaching and research at an advanced academic level. The PhD includes a combination of advanced seminars, field examinations, a high amount of embedded professional experience in teaching and research, and the presentation of the results of a significant contribution to the discipline in the form of an original dissertation.

The PhD program engages students in a program of study and research in French literature and/or linguistics approved by the department. At the beginning of their course of study, students meet individually with the Associate Chair in order to determine course selection with a view to ensuring that the student has a well-rounded program and, considered in conjunction with the undergraduate degree, has a broad knowledge of the discipline.

Admission to the PhD program is available via one of two routes: 1) an appropriate master’s degree or 2) direct entry with an appropriate bachelor’s degree with high academic standing.

 

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of French Language and Literature's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate master's degree in French literature or linguistics with high academic standing from a recognized university, with an average grade of at least an A- in the 

  • applicant's overall program. 

  • An A- average does not automatically lead to admission.

  • A formal application and a sample of written work in French completed as part of the applicant's bachelor's or master's program in French literature or linguistics as appropriate. This written work should be a copy of the MA thesis if available.

  • Applicants holding a master's degree must submit a statement of purpose (maximum 500 words) in French that clearly outlines the area in which the applicant intends to pursue research in French literature or linguistics.

  • Applicants must satisfy the department that they are capable of independent research in French literature or linguistics at an advanced level.

  • Admission to all programs for post-graduate degrees is based on the evidence of the supporting letters and the applicant's academic record.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Students admitted on the basis of an appropriate master's degree must complete 3.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs) with an average grade of at least an A- during Year 1 to remain in good academic standing and to continue in the PhD program. With the department's permission, students may take 1.0 FCE outside the department.

    • Linguistics students must take FRE 1103H, FRE 1104H, and FRE 1141H unless already completed, and FRE 1201H.

    • Literature students must take FRE 1202H, FRE 1203H, and FRE 1204H, unless these courses or their equivalents have already been completed, and FRE 1201H.

  • Constitution of thesis committee. Students must submit a form indicating the members of their thesis committee and the provisional title of the thesis. This form must be signed by the faculty member who has agreed to direct the thesis and by the two faculty members who will serve on the student’s supervisory committee. Deadline to submit: June 15 of Year 1;

  • Thesis topic. Students must register a thesis topic with the department. The proposal must be signed by the faculty member who has agreed to direct the thesis and by the two faculty members who will serve on the student's supervisory committee. Deadline to register the topic: September 15 of Year 2;

  • Thesis proposal. A written thesis proposal, of 15 to 20 pages plus bibliography, must be submitted one week before the date of the oral field examination in April (see below).

  • Language requirements. Students must demonstrate a reading knowledge of Old French or of another language (excluding French or English), as approved by the department by the end of Year 1;

  • Field examination (written and oral components).

    • Students admitted on the basis of a master's degree:

      • linguistics students must successfully prepare and submit a synthesis/analysis document and subsequently pass the oral part of the field examination in Year 2;

      • literature students must pass the field examination in Year 2.

    • Linguistics students will proceed to the oral field examination after they successfully complete the synthesis/analysis document (to be submitted by March 1 of Year 2), which is based on an annotated bibliography of 20 to 25 pages dealing with 70 to 80 publications concerning the most important theoretical, empirical, and methodological research in their fields (to be submitted by November 15 of Year 2).

    • Literature students will write an examination (by March 1 of Year 2), based on a written field examination document of 10 to 15 pages, plus bibliography (due by November 15 of Year 2), designed to test the student's knowledge of the general area of their research; the examination questions are given to students a week ahead of the examination. Student will proceed to the oral part of the examination after they successfully complete the written part.

    • In the case of a failure on the written examination (by literature students) or on the synthesis/analysis document (by linguistics students), the supervisory committee will meet with the student in order to discuss the weaknesses that caused the failure and to make specific recommendations concerning the student's program. The committee may recommend that the written part of the examination be retaken in whole or in part within a specific period of time; it may also recommend termination of the student's program. If the recommendation is to retake the exam, the student may retake the written part of the examination once only.

    • An oral examination (to be taken by April 30 of Year 2 by both literature and linguistics students) based on the thesis proposal, designed to test the student's readiness to proceed with thesis research. In the case of a failure, the supervisory committee will meet with the student to discuss the weaknesses that caused the failure and to make specific recommendations concerning the student's program. The committee may recommend that the examination be retaken within a specific period of time; it may also recommend termination of the student's program. If the recommendation is to retake the exam, the student may retake the oral part of the examination once only.

  • Meet with supervisory committee. Between the completion of the field examination's written and oral components (literature students) or the synthesis/analysis document and oral field examination (linguistics students) and the Doctoral Final Oral Examination on the thesis, students will meet with the supervisory committee at least once a year and more frequently if required.

  • Thesis and Doctoral Final Oral Examination on the thesis.

Program Length

4 years

Time Limit

6 years

 

PhD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of French Language and Literature's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree with high academic standing from a recognized university that includes at least 7.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in French language and literature/linguistics, with an average grade of at least an A- in the overall program. Admission is limited to exceptionally qualified applicants.

  • An A- average does not automatically lead to admission.

  • A formal application and a sample of written work in French completed as part of the applicant's bachelor's program in French literature or linguistics as appropriate. 

  • Applicants must satisfy the department that they are capable of independent research in French literature or linguistics at an advanced level.

  • Admission to all programs for post-graduate degrees is based on the evidence of the supporting letters and the applicant's academic record.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Students admitted on the basis of an appropriate bachelor's degree (direct entry) must maintain an average grade of at least an A- in Year 1 and Year 2 to remain in good academic standing and to continue in the PhD program. With the department's permission, students may take up to 1.0 FCE outside the department in each of Year 1 and Year 2.

    • In Year 1, complete 4.0 FCEs with an average grade of at least an A-.

    • In Year 2, complete 3.5 FCEs with an average grade of at least an A-.

    • Linguistics students must take FRE 1103H, FRE 1104H, FRE 1141H, and FRE 1201H.

    • Literature students must take FRE 1202H, FRE 1203H, FRE 1204H, and FRE 1201H.

  • Constitution of thesis committee. Students must submit a form indicating the members of their thesis committee and the provisional title of the thesis. This form must be signed by the faculty member who has agreed to direct the thesis and by the two faculty members who will serve on the student’s supervisory committee. Deadline to submit: June 15 of Year 2.

  • Thesis topic. Students must register a thesis topic with the department. The proposal must be signed by the faculty member who has agreed to direct the thesis and by the two faculty members who will serve on the student's supervisory committee. Deadline to register the topic: September 15 of Year 3.

  • Thesis proposal. A written thesis proposal, of 15 to 20 pages plus bibliography, must be submitted one week before the date of the oral field examination in April (see below).

  • Language requirements. Students must demonstrate a reading knowledge of Old French or of another language (excluding French or English), as approved by the department—by the end of Year 2.

  • Field examination (written and oral components).

    • Students admitted by direct entry:

      • linguistics students must successfully prepare and submit a synthesis/analysis document and subsequently pass the oral part of the field examination in Year 3;

      • literature students must pass the field examination in Year 3.

    • Linguistics students will proceed to the oral field examination after they successfully complete the synthesis/analysis document (to be submitted by March 1 of Year 2), which is based on an annotated bibliography of 20 to 25 pages dealing with 70 to 80 publications concerning the most important theoretical, empirical, and methodological research in their fields (to be submitted by November 15 of Year 2).

    • Literature students will write an examination (by March 1 of Year 2), based on a written field examination document of 10 to 15 pages, plus bibliography (due by November 15 of Year 2), designed to test the student's knowledge of the general area of their research; the examination questions are given to students a week ahead of the examination. Student will proceed to the oral part of the examination after they successfully complete the written part.

    • In the case of a failure on the written examination (by literature students) or on the synthesis/analysis document (by linguistics students), the supervisory committee will meet with the student in order to discuss the weaknesses that caused the failure and to make specific recommendations concerning the student's program. The committee may recommend that the written part of the examination be retaken in whole or in part within a specific period of time; it may also recommend termination of the student's program. If the recommendation is to retake the exam, the student may retake the written part of the examination once only.

    • An oral examination (to be taken by April 30 of Year 2 by both literature and linguistics students) based on the thesis proposal, designed to test the student's readiness to proceed with thesis research. In the case of a failure, the supervisory committee will meet with the student to discuss the weaknesses that caused the failure and to make specific recommendations concerning the student's program. The committee may recommend that the examination be retaken within a specific period of time; it may also recommend termination of the student's program. If the recommendation is to retake the exam, the student may retake the oral part of the examination once only.

  • Meet with supervisory committee. Between the completion of the field examination's written and oral components (literature students) or the synthesis/analysis document and oral field examination (linguistics students) and the Doctoral Final Oral Examination on the thesis, students will meet with the supervisory committee at least once a year and more frequently if required.

  • Thesis and Doctoral Final Oral Examination on the thesis.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

French Language and Literature: French Language and Literature MA, PhD Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Please consult the department regarding course availability.

Core Courses

Linguistics Courses

​FRE 1103H
Séminaire de linguistique I : Phonétique et​ phonologie​
​FRE 1104H
Séminaire de linguistique II : Syntaxe​
​FRE 1141H
Séminaire de linguistique III : ​Linguistique expérimentale et linguistique de corpus

Literature Courses

​FRE 1202H
Séminaire d​e littérature 1 : théorie​
​FRE 1203​H
Séminaire de littérature 2 : période​
​FRE 1204H
​Séminaire de littérature 3 : genre​

Linguistic and Literature Courses

​FRE 1201H​
Méthodes de recherche (Credit/No Credit—for PhD students only)​

Elective Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Please consult the department regarding course availability.

Linguistics Courses

​FRE 1125H
​Morphologie et sémantique​​
​FRE 1129H
​D​idactique du français langue seconde: quelle(s) méthode(s) pour quel(s) apprentissage(s)?
​FRE 1132H
​Problèmes de phonologie : les créoles à base lexicale française
​FRE 1133H
L'acquisition du français langue première​
​FRE 1136H
​Arguments, structures et représentations en français
​FRE 1137H
Les mots complexes : études de cas en morphologie​
​FRE 1138H
​Bilinguisme et acquisition du langage
​FRE 1139H
​La variation sociolinguistique en français parlé
​FRE 1140H
​La syllabe : études expérimentales et théoriques
​FRE 1164H
​Initiation au français médiéval​

​Literature Courses

​FRE 1301H
Le merveilleux dans la littérature médiévale : le Voyage de Saint Brendan​
​FRE 1306H
​Chanson de Roland
​FRE 1311H
​Sexe, mensonge et littérature : le Roman de Renart
​FRE 1600H
​L'humanité de l'homme
​FRE 1601H
​Histoires de l'homme
​FRE 1612H
​Satire et parole libre dans la littérature des XVIe et XVIIe siècles
​​FRE 1613H
Les récits de voyage dans la littérature française des XVIe et XVIIe siècles​​
​FRE 1614H
Le roman aux XVIe et XVIIe siècles​
​FRE 1806H
Libertins, libertines et libertinage dans le roman du XVIIIe siècle​
​FRE 1813H
​Littérature de contact et pensée anthropologique en France du XVIe au XVIIIe siècle
​FRE 1815H
​Théorie de l'histoire
​FRE 1901​H
​Le récit de voyage au XIXe siècle
​FRE 1905H
​Baudelaire et la modernité symboliste (1850–1900)
​FRE 1906H
Théories du rire et analyse littéraire du genre comique ​​
​FRE 1928H
​Zola et le naturalisme : du « roman exprimental » au « roman nouveau »
​FRE 1936Y
​Littérature et société : Roman et Révolution
​FRE 2001H
​Fragment et fragmentation au XXe siècle
​FRE 2004H
​Formes et voies romanesques de l'extrême contemporain
​FRE 2007H
Littérature et éthique : nouveaux textes, nouvelles problématiques​
​FRE 2010H
​Proust : qu'est-ce que l'écriture
​FRE 2035H
​Autour de l'intime en France: les écrits contemporains des femmes
​FRE 2036H
​Configurations du genre sexuel dans la prose contemporaine des femmes
​FRE 2037H
​Écriture et folie
​FRE 2039H
​Roman et critique social​​e aux XXe et XXIe siècles
​​FRE 2041H
​Mémoires (Post)coloniales
​FRE 2042H
​Intertextualité
​FRE 2078H
​Altérité : formes et significations
​FRE 2079H
​Le Roman postmoderne
​FRE 2080H
​Le sujet en mouvement : migrant et transnational​
​FRE 2092H
​La genèse et personnage
​FRE 2100H
​Du texte à l'image : Images photographiques et cinématographiques dans quelques textes contemporains
​FRE 2103H
​La nouvelle québécoise contemporaine : l'émergence des voix féminines
​FRE 2105H
Écritures du moi: de la représentation textuelle à la représentation visuelle du sujet écrivant​
​FRE 2107H
​Le récit fantastique québécois : formes et transformations
​FRE 3000H
​Du dialogue au dialogique
​FRE 3001H
​Poésie et philosophie : du devoir de bavarder de notre Étre-là
​FRE 3002H
Pourquoi la poésie​
​FRE 3004H
​Rencontres et compagnonnages au coeur de l’oeuvre
​FRE 3005H
​Méthodologie de l'analyse du dialogue romanesque

​Other Courses

​FRE 4000Y​
Reading Course​
​FRE 4001H
​Reading Course
​FRE 4002H
​Reading Course
​FRE 5000Y0
Research Essay (MA)​
​FRE 5001H0
Research Essay (MA)​

0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when completed.

Joint Courses

​JFC 1255H
​Aspects du Structuralisme
​JFC 1813H
Littérature de contact et pensée anthropologique en France du XVIe au XVIIIe siècle /
Literature of ​Contact and Anthropological Thought, 16th–18th Century
​JFC 5025H
Feminism and Postmodernism: Theory and Practice​
​JFC 5056H
Autobiography, Photography, Narrativity​
​JFC 5105H
Collections of Knowledge: Encyclopedism and Travel Literature in Early Modern Europe (1500–1800)​
​JFC 5120H
​The Gift: Stories of a Paradigm
​JFC 5129H
​Peformative Autobiographical Acts: Painted and Photographic Representations of Self in Personal and ​Political Testimonia​ls​
​JFF 1100H
Surréalisme et cinéma /
​Surrealism and French Cinema​
​​JIF 1000H
​Romance Philology I​​
​JRL 1110H
Second Language Acquisition of Romance Languages​
​JRL 1111H
​Second Language Acquisition of Romance Phonology

​Cross-Listed Courses

Book History and Print Culture

​BKS 1001H
​Introduction to Book Hist​ory
​BKS 1002H
​Book History in Practice​
​BKS 2000H
​Advanced Seminar in Book History and Print Culture​

Medieval Studies

​MST 3154H​
​Book Hist​ory and Print Culture
MST 3155H
Chrétien de Troyes, Perceval

Sexual Diversity Studies

SDS 1000H
​Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Sexual Diversity Studies​