Anthropology

Anthropology: Introduction

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Faculty Affiliation

Arts and Science​

Degree Programs

Anthropology

MA and PhD

  • Fields:
    • Archaeology;
    • Evolutionary Anthropology;
    • Linguistic and Semiotic Anthropology;
    • Medical Anthropology;
    • Sociocultural Anthropology
 

MSc

  • Fields:
    • Archaeology;
    • Evolutionary Anthropology;
    • Medical Anthropology

​Collaborative Specializations

The following collaborative specializations are available to students in participating degree programs as ​listed below:

Overview

Anthropology is concerned with the unity, diversity, and evolution of humanity (and non-human primates) and of human culture and society from a comparative and global perspective. The Department of Anthropology was established in 1936 and has included many of the most prominent figures in Canadian anthropology. The first MA degree was awarded in 1949; the first PhD in 1956.

Members of the department conduct research on present and past human societies, cultural knowledge and practice, evolutionary antecedents, and closely related species. Graduate training is offered in socio-cultural, medical, evolutionary/biological, linguistic, and archaeological branches of the field. Anthropology students at the University of Toronto can study human biology and evolution; human behaviour from its first appearance in the archaeological record to the first appearance of writing; language and society; anthropology of health; and the diversity of human culture in today’s world. Since Anthropology concerns the diversity and commonality of humans over time and around the globe, faculty and graduate research is broadly international and varies in method and theoretical frame. Nonetheless, it coheres in the quest to understand past and present human experience in social, cultural, and evolutionary contexts.

Contact and Address

Web: www.anthropology.utoro​nto.ca
Email: anthropology.graduate@utoronto.ca
Telephone: (416) 978-5416
Fax: (416) 978-3217

Department of Anthropology
University of Toronto
Room 256, 19 Russell Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2S2
Canada

Anthropology: Graduate Faculty

Full Members

Allen, Andrea - PhD
Bamford, Sandra - BA, MA, MPA, PhD
Banning, Edward - BA, MA, PhD
Barker, Joshua - BA, MA, PhD
Begun, David - BA, MA, PhD
Boddy, Janice - BA, MA, PhD (Chair and Graduate Chair)
Bozcali, Firat - BA, MA, MA, PhD
Butt, Waqas - BA, PhD
Cameron, Michelle E - BSc, MSc, PhD
Chazan, Michael - BA, MA, PhD
Cody, Francis - PhD
Coleman, Simon - BA, PhD
Coupland, Gary - BA, MA, PhD
Crawford, Gary - BSc, MA, PhD
Cunningham, Hilary - BA, MA, PhD
Dahl, Bianca Jane - BA, MA, PhD
Danesi, Marcel - BA, MA, PhD
Daswani, Girish - BSc, BSc, MS, PhD
Dave, Naisargi - BA, MA, PhD
Dewar, Genevieve - BS, MA, PhD
Friesen, Max - BA, MA, PhD
Galloway, Tracey - BScN, MA, PhD
Gillison, Gillian - BA, PhD
Harrison, Timothy - BA, MA, PhD
Hartblay, Cassandra Sarah - BA, MA, PhD
Heller, Monica - BA, MA, PhD
Hillewaert, Sarah Marleen - BA, MA, MA, PhD
Kalmar, Ivan - BA, MA, PhD
Kassamali, Sumayya - PhD
Kilroy-Marac, Kathleen Patricia - MA, MPH, PhD
Klassen, Pamela - BA, MA, PhD
Knappett, Carl - MA, PhD
Krupa, Chris - BA, MA, PhD
Lambek, Michael - BA, MA, PhD
Lehman, Shawn - BA, MA, PhD
Li, Tania - BA, PhD
Luong, Hy Van - BA, PhD
Maxwell, Krista - BSc, MA, PhD
McElhinny, Bonnie - BA, MA, MA, PhD, PhD
Miller, Heather - BA, MSc, MA, PhD
Mittermaier, Amira - MA, PhD
Muehlebach, Andrea - MA, PhD
Napolitano, Valentina - BSc, MPH, PhD
Novroski, Nicole - BSc, MS, PhD
Parra, Esteban - BA, MA, PhD
Paz, Alejandro - BA, MPA, MA, PhD
Pfeiffer, Susan - BA, MA, PhD
Rogers, Tracy - BA, MA, PhD
Samson, David - BA, PhD
Sanders, Todd - BA, MA, MSc, PhD
Satsuka, Shiho - BA, BA, MA, PhD
Sawchuk, Lawrence - BA, MA, PhD
Schillaci, Michael - BA, MA, PhD (Graduate Coordinator)
Schroeder, Lauren - BSc, BSc, PhD
Sellen, Daniel - BA, AM, PhD
Sidnell, Jack - BA, MA, PhD
Silcox, Mary Teresa - BSc, PhD
Smith, David - BA, MA, PhD
Song, Jesook - BA, PhD
Swenson, Edward - BA, MA, PhD
Taylor, Janelle - PhD
Teichroeb, Julie - BSc, MA, PhD
Viola, T. Bence - MSc, PhD
Wardlow, Holly - BA, MA, MPH, PhD

Members Emeriti

Burton, Frances - BSc, MA, PhD
Chew, John - BA, MA, PhD
Drewitt, Robert - BA, PhD
Kleindienst, Maxine - BA, MA, PhD
Latta, Martha - BA, MA, DPhil
Lee, Richard - BA, MA, PhD
Levin, Michael - BA, MA, PhD
Mavalwala, Jamshed D - MS, PhD
Philpott, Stuart - BA, MA, PhD
Ray, Ajit - BSc, MSc, PhD
Samarin, William - BA, PhD
Vanderburgh, Rosamond - BA, MA

Associate Members

Bright, Kristin - PhD
Cipolla, Craig - BA, MA, PhD
Cummings, Maggie Irene - BA, MA, PhD
Gotlib Conn, Lesley - BA, MA, PhD
Maher, Lisa - BSc, PhD
Moore, Hollis - PhD
Mortensen, Lena - BA, MA, PhD
Patton, Katherine - BA, MA, PhD
Sammons, Edward - PhD
Sapirstein, Philip - PhD, PhD, PhD
Shugar, Aaron - BA, MS, PhD
Williamson, Ronald - BA, MA, PhD
Young, Donna Jean - BA, MA, PhD
Zubrow, Ezra - BA, PhD

Anthropology: Anthropology MA

Master of Arts​

Program Description

The department offers a Master of Arts degree program, both full-time and part-time. The full-time option normally extends over a 12-month period lasting from September to September.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Anthropology’s additional admission requirements stated below.

  • B+ average or equivalent.

  • Applicants must satisfy the department that they have the appropriate background to enter a particular program of graduate study.

  • Two letters of reference.

  • A brief statement of interest (not exceeding 1,000 words).

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Students must complete 3.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs) including:

    • 0.5 FCE: ANT 3047H or ANT 4020H or ANT 6100H

    • 1.0 FCE: ANT 2000Y

    • 2.0 FCEs, of which at least 1.0 FCEs must be in Anthropology

    • Exceptions to coursework requirements must be approved by the advisor and Graduate Coordinator.

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time

​Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

Anthropology: Anthropology MSc

Master of Science​

Program Description

The MSc program is most appropriate for students who are considering careers in consulting archaeology, some aspects of medical or forensic anthropology, NGO work, or application to PhD programs in Anthropology at other Canadian universities.

The full-time two-year program is normally completed by the summer of Year 2. The MSc program can be taken on a full-time or part-time basis.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Anthropology’s additional admission requirements stated below.

  • B+ average or equivalent.

  • Applicants must satisfy the department that they have the appropriate background to enter a particular program of graduate study.

  • Two letters of reference.

  • A brief statement of interest (not exceeding 1,000 words).

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Students must complete 4.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs) including:

    • 0.5 FCE: ANT 3047H or ANT 4020H or ANT 6100H

    • 1.0 FCE: ANT 2500Y

    • 3.0 FCEs, of which 1.5 FCEs will normally be science courses in archaeology, evolutionary anthropology, medical anthropology, or related disciplines depending on the student's program

    • Exceptions to coursework requirements must be approved by the advisor and Graduate Coordinator.

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S);
9 sessions part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

Anthropology: Anthropology PhD

​Doctor of Philosophy​

Program Description

The Doctor of Philosophy is primarily a research degree. A program of study is designed for each student to ensure competence in a field of research, culminating in the writing of a thesis.

Applicants may enter the PhD program via one of two routes: 1) following completion of an appropriate master’s degree or 2) direct entry after completing a bachelor’s degree.

Depending on subfield or area of research, completion of the PhD may take longer than the indicated program length below. See the departmental handbook for details.

 

PhD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Anthropology’s additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Admission is offered primarily to excellent students who, by the time of enrolment, have completed a master’s degree in anthropology (or a cognate subject).

  • All applicants are expected to have achieved grades averaging the equivalent of a University of Toronto A- or better in their last full year of study. Most successful applicants will have finished or be in the process of completing an MA or MSc.

  • Applicants must satisfy the department that they have the appropriate background to enter a particular program of graduate study.

  • Two letters of reference.

  • A brief statement of interest (not exceeding 1,000 words).

  • Applicants are required to identify departmental members with whom they want to conduct PhD research. The department regrets that it cannot admit students to the PhD program, regardless of their qualifications, unless a supervisor is available.

  • Undergraduate students with strong backgrounds in anthro​pology or relevant disciplines (GPA of 3.70 or above in their last 5.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]) and who have earned an appropriate bachelor’s degree with a concentration in anthropology or a cognate discipline may apply directly for admission​ to the PhD program.

Program Requirements

  • At the beginning of the academic year, each student will submit, with the SGS enrolment form, a program statement describing his or her plan to meet program requirements.

  • A minimum of 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs), of which at least 1.5 FCEs are normally in anthropology.

  • Attain at least an A– average in coursework to continue in the PhD program in good standing.

  • Submit research proposal by the end of the second session of Year 2 (e.g., May 1 for students who start in September).

  • Before proceeding to full-time research (achieving candidacy), students must:

    • ​​​​​​​​​​Be resident on campus for one year.

    • Complete the minimum of 3.0 FCEs (noted above), of which at least 1.5 FCEs are normally in anthropology.

    • Gain experience in research methods and design; requirement can be filled by completing coursework in methodology or, with the department’s assent, undertaking faculty-supervised fieldwork or laboratory research. Each student will normally be involved in fieldwork, in the broad meaning of the term, and in theoretical analysis.

    • Present and defend a thesis proposal.

    • Demonstrate an adequate knowledge of at least one language other than English, unless their program of study requires the intensive and time-consuming mastery of another research tool; demonstration of adequate language or equivalent knowledge can be accomplished in a variety of ways, a list of which is available in the Department of Anthropology’s Graduate Student Handbook.​

    • An approved Ethics Protocol for all students working with living organisms and modern human remains.

Program Length

4 years

Although the program has been designed for completion in four years, some students may require a longer period to complete all of the requirements.

Time Limit

6 years

 

PhD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Anthropology’s additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Undergraduate students with strong backgrounds in anthropology or relevant disciplines (GPA of 3.70 or above in their last 5.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]) and who have earned an appropriate bachelor’s degree with a concentration in anthropology or a cognate discipline may apply directly for admission to the PhD program.

  • All applicants are expected to have achieved grades averaging the equivalent of a University of Toronto A- or better in their last full year of study.

  • Applicants must satisfy the department that they have the appropriate background to enter a particular program of graduate study.

  • Two letters of reference.

  • A brief statement of interest (not exceeding 1,000 words).

  • Applicants are required to identify departmental members with whom they want to conduct PhD research. The department regrets that it cannot admit students to the PhD program, regardless of their qualifications, unless a supervisor is available.

Program Requirements

  • At the beginning of the academic year, each student will submit, with the SGS enrolment form, a program statement describing his or her plan to meet program requirements.

  • Students must complete 5.0 graduate full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • 3.0 FCEs, normally taken in Year 1

    • 2.0 FCEs taken in Year 2, when work on the research proposal is also expected to begin.

  • Attain an annual average of at least A– to continue in the PhD program in good standing.

  • Submit research proposal by the end of the second session of Year 3 (e.g., May 1 for students who start in September).

  • Before proceeding to full-time research (achieving candidacy), students must:

    • Be resident on campus for one year.

    • Complete the minimum 5.0 FCEs (noted above), of which at least 1.5 FCEs are normally in anthropology.

    • Gain experience in research methods and design; requirement can be filled by completing coursework in methodology or, with the department’s assent, undertaking faculty-supervised fieldwork or laboratory research. Each student will normally be involved in fieldwork, in the broad meaning of the term, and in theoretical analysis.

    • Present and defend a thesis proposal.

    • Demonstrate an adequate knowledge of at least one language other than English, unless their program of study requires the intensive and time-consuming mastery of another research tool; demonstration of adequate language or equivalent knowledge can be accomplished in a variety of ways, a list of which is available in the Department of Anthropology’s Graduate Student Handbook.

    • An approved Ethics Protocol for all students working with living organisms and modern human remains.

Program Length

5 years

Although the program has been designed for completion in five years, some students may require a longer period to complete all of the requirements.

Time Limit

7 years

Anthropology: Anthropology MA, MSc, PhD Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Check with the department for the current year’s offerings.

General

ANT 1096H
Quantitative Methods I
ANT 1099H
Quantitative Methods II
ANT 1155H,Y+
Research (or reading seminar)
ANT 1156H,Y+
Research (or reading seminar)
ANT 1157H,Y+
Research (or reading seminar)
ANT 1158H,Y+
Research (or reading seminar)
ANT 2000Y0
MA Research Paper
ANT 2500Y0
MSc Research Paper
JTH 3000H
Coordinating Seminar in Ethnic and Pluralism Studies (for students in the Ethnic and Pluralism Studies collaborative specialization)

0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when completed.

+ Extended course. For academic reasons, coursework is extended into session following academic session in which course is offered.

Archaeology

JPA 1040Y
Advanced Physics and Archaeology
ANT 4010H
Archaeology in Contemporary Society
ANT 4020H
Archaeology Theory
ANT 4025H
Archaeology of Eastern North America
ANT 4026H
Arctic Archaeology
ANT 4028H
Violence and Civilization
ANT 4030H
Artifacts
ANT 4031H
Value
ANT 4038H
Archaeology of Urban Development
ANT 4039H
Origin and Nature of Food Producing Societies
ANT 4040H
Archaeology of Hunter-Gatherers
ANT 4041H
Landscape Archaeology
ANT 4042H
Archaeology of Complex Hunter-Gatherers
ANT 4043H
Archaeology of Ritual, Religion, and Ideology
ANT 4044H
Interregional Interaction in the Ancient World
ANT 4045H
Mortuary Archaeology
ANT 4046H
Archaeology of Style
ANT 4050H
Zooarchaeology
ANT 4051H
Archaeology and Climate Change
ANT 4059H
Anthropological Understanding of Cultural Transmission
ANT 4060H
Specific Problems I
ANT 4065H
Specific Problems II
ANT 4066H
Household Archaeology
ANT 4068H
Archaeology of Technology
ANT 4069H
Writing Archaeology
ANT 4070H
Archaeologies of Place, Urbanism, and Infrastructures

Evolutionary Anthropology

ANT 3005H
Advanced Topics in Paleoanthropology
ANT 3010H
Human Osteology: Theory and Practice
ANT 3011H
Palaeopathology
ANT 3031H,Y
Advanced Research Seminar I
ANT 3032H,Y Advanced Research Seminar II
ANT 3033H,Y Advanced Research Seminar III
ANT 3034H,Y+
Advanced Research Seminar IV
ANT 3035H
Primate Sexual Selection
ANT 3041H
Evolutionary Perspectives on Growth and Development
ANT 3042H
Advanced Topics in Primate Ecology
ANT 3043H
Comparative Methods in Biological Anthropology
ANT 3044H
Current Topics in Primate Social Behaviour
ANT 3045H
Advanced Topics in Non-Human Primate Evolution
ANT 3046H
Paleoecology in Primate and Human Evolution
ANT 3047H
Evolutionary Anthropology Theory
ANT 3048H
Primatological Theory and Methods
ANT 3049H
Advanced Seminar in Evolutionary Morphology (prerequisite: ANT 3047H)
ANT 3050H
Species Concepts and Human Evolution
ANT 3438H
Skeletal Trauma and Violence: Theory and Practice
ANT 3439H
Advanced Seminar in Forensic Anthropology
ANT 3440H
Molecular Anthropology: Theory and Practice

+ Extended course. For academic reasons, coursework is extended into session following academic session in which course is offered.

Linguistic and Semiotic Anthropology

JAL 1140H
Special Topics in Anthropology and Linguistics
JAL 1153H
Conversational Structures
JAL 1155H
Language and Gender
ANT 5144H
Foundations in Linguistic Anthropology
ANT 5148H
Language, Ideology and Political Economy
ANT 5150H
Nation, State, and Language in Francophone Canada
ANT 5151H
Metaphor, Language, and Science
JSA 5147H
Language, Nationalism, and Post-Nationalism

Medical Anthropology

ANT 7001H
Medical Anthropology I
ANT 7002H
Medical Anthropology II
ANT 7003H
Global Health: Anthropological Perspectives

Sociocultural Anthropology

ANT 6003H
Critical Issues in Ethnography I
ANT 6004H
Critical Issues in Ethnography II
ANT 6005H
The Politics of Distribution: Work, Welfare and Abandonment in Precarious Times
ANT 6006H
Genealogies of Anthropological Thought
ANT 6007H
Magic, Science, and Religion
ANT 6008H
Anthropology Beyond the Human
ANT 6010H
Anthropology of Korea: History and Dialogues with Other Disciplines within Korean Studies
ANT 6014H
Media and Mediation
ANT 6017H
Post-colonial Science Studies and the Cultural Politics of Knowledge Translation
ANT 6018H
Approaches to Nature and Culture
ANT 6019H
Anthropology of Neoliberalism
ANT 6021H
Political Anthropology: State, Power, and Sovereignty
ANT 6022H
Symbolic Anthropology: Structuralism, Hermeneutics, and Poststructuralism
ANT 6025H
Anthropology and Epistemology
ANT 6027H
Anthropology of Violence
ANT 6029H
Anthropology of Capitalism
ANT 6030H
Anthropology and the Ethical Imagination
ANT 6031H,Y
Advanced Research Seminar I
ANT 6032H
Advanced Research Seminar II
ANT 6032Y
Advanced Research Seminar
ANT 6033H,Y
Advanced Research Seminar III
ANT 6034H,Y
Advanced Research Seminar IV
ANT 6035H
Advanced Research Seminar
ANT 6036H
Advanced Research Seminar
ANT 6037H,Y
Advanced Research Seminar VII
ANT 6038H,Y+
Advanced Research Seminar VIII
ANT 6040H
Research Design and Fieldwork Methods
ANT 6050H
Reading Course
ANT 6055H
Anthropology of Subjectivity and Personhood
ANT 6056H
Decolonizing Diversity Discourse: Critical and Comparative Accounts of Multiculturalism and Settler Colonialism
ANT 6057H
Anthropology and Literature
ANT 6058H
Anthropology of Normativity
ANT 6059H
Anthropology and History
ANT 6060H
Anthropology and Indigenous Studies in North America
ANT 6061H
Anthropology of Sexuality and Gender
ANT 6062H Disability Anthropology
ANT 6063H Anthropology of Infrastructures
ANT 6064H Evidence and Uncertainty: The Politics of Law and Science
ANT 6100H
History of Anthropological Thought
ANT 6150H
Proposing Ethnographic Research
ANT 6200H
Ethnographic Practicum

+ Extended course. For academic reasons, coursework is extended into session following academic session in which course is offered.