Geography and Planning

Geography and Planning: Introduction

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Faculty Affiliation

Arts and Science

Degree Programs

Ge​ography

​M​​A​, MSc, and PhD
​​
Fields:
Environmental Geography and Resource Management
Historical/Social/Cultural Geography
Physical Geography and Natural Systems
Spatial In​formation Systems​
Urban/Economic Geography

Planning

​MScPl
Fields:
Economic Planning and Policy
Environmental Planning
Social Planning and Policy
Urban Design​
Urban Planning and Development
​PhD​​
Fields:​
Cities in Global Context: Economic Development and Social Planning
Environmental and Sustainability Planning​
Urban Development, Design and the Built Environment

Urban Design Studi​es

​M​UDS​ (admissions have been suspended)

​Collaborative Specializations

The following collaborative specializations are available to students in participating degree programs as listed below:

  1. Aboriginal Health
    • Geography, MA, PhD
  2. Community Development
    • ​Geography, MA
    • Planning, MScPl
  3. Contemporary East and Southeast Asian Studies
    • Geography, MA
    • Planning, MScPl
  4. Diaspora and Transnational Studies
    • Geography, MA, MSc, PhD
  5. Environment and Health
    • Geography, MA, MSc, PhD
    • Planning, MScPl, PhD
  6. Environmental Studies
    • Geography, MA, MSc, PhD
    • Planning, MScPl, PhD
  7. Ethnic and Pluralism Studies
    • Geography, MA, PhD
  8. Global Health
    • Geography, PhD
    • Planning, PhD
  9. Jewish Studies
    • Geography, PhD
  10. Sexual Diversity Studies
    • Geography, MA, PhD
  11. South Asian Studies
    • Geography, MA, PhD
  12. Women and Gender Studies
    • Geography, MA, MSc, PhD
    • ​Planning, MScPl, PhD

Overview

The Department of Geography and Planning ​offers facilities for research leading to the degrees of Master of Arts (MA), Master of Science (MSc), Master of Science in Planning (MScPl), and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in either Geography or Planning. The PhD program prepares students for academic careers in teaching and research. Some may also pursue an advanced career in the public or non-profit sectors, given the rising demand outside of academia for people with a PhD credential.

In Geography, faculty conduct research in the following areas: geomorphology, climatology, hydrology, biogeography, pedology, environmental assessment and sustainable natural resource management, international development, industrial innovation, urban and economic geography, cultural and historical geography, gender studies, social geography, regional analysis, the history and philosophy of geography, remote sensing, computer cartography, spatial statistics, topics in land/geographic information systems, and quantitative analysis. The territories of special concern are Canada, the United States, Latin America, the Caribbean, Northwestern and Central Europe, East Asia, South Asia, and the former Soviet Union.

In Planning, faculty work involves social, economic, cultural, and other vital considerations. In spatial scale, it ranges from the design of individual communities to policy planning at the national level to international development. Planning specializations include land use, transportation, urban design, social policy, public health, economic development, international development, and the environment.

Contact and Address

Web: www.geography.utoronto.ca
Email: 
     Geography and PhD programs: graduate.geography@utoronto.ca
     MSc Planning program: wright@geog.utoronto.ca​  
Telephone:
     Geography and PhD programs: (416) 978-3377
     MSc Planning program:(416) 946-0269
Fax: (416) 946-3886

Department of Geography and Planning
University of Toronto
Sidney Smith Hall
5th Floor, 100 St. George Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G3
Canada

Geography and Planning: Graduate Faculty

Full Members

Archontitsis, Georgios - BSc, MSc, DScA
Bathelt, Harald - MA, PhD, CRC
Boland, Alana - BA, MA, PhD
Buliung, Ronald - MA, PhD
Bunce, Susannah - BA, MES, PhD
Caspersen, John - BA, PhD
Chen, Jing - BSc, PhD
Conway, Tenley - BS, MS, PhD
Cowen, Deborah - BA, MCP, PhD
Cowling, Sharon - BSc, MSc, PhD
Daniere, Amrita - AB, PhD
Desloges, Joseph - BES, MSc, PhD
Desrochers, Pierre - AB, MA, PhD
Diamond, Miriam - MSc, MSc, PhD
DiFrancesco, Richard - PhD
Ekers, Mike - BES, MES, PhD
Farish, Matthew - BA, PhD
Finkelstein, Sarah - AB, MPH, PhD
Florida, Richard - BA, PhD
Friedmann, Harriet - AB, MA, PhD
Fulthorpe, Roberta - BSc, MSc, PhD
Gertler, Meric - AB, MCP, PhD
Gilbert, Emily - PhD
Goonewardena, Kanishka - BSc, MCP, PhD
Gough, William - BSc, MSc, PhD
Grant, Jill - BA, MA, MA, PhD
Hackworth, Jason - BA, MA, MCP, PhD
Harvey, Leslie - BSc, MSc, PhD
He, Yuhong - PhD
Hess, Paul - BA, MA, PhD
Hunter, Mark - BA, MSS, PhD
Isaac, Marney Elizabeth - BS, MES, PhD
Kepe, Thembela - MS, PhD
Klenk, Nicole - BS, MSc, PhD
Leslie, Deborah - BA, MA, PhD (Associate Chair, Graduate Geography)
Lewis, Robert - BA, MA, PhD
MacDonald, Ken - BA, MA, PhD
Maclaren, Virginia - BA, MRP, MSc, PhD (Chair and Graduate Chair)
Mahtani, Minelle - BA, PhD
Malcolm, Jay - BSc, MSc, PhD
McGregor, Deborah - BSc, MES, PhD
Miller, Eric - BASc, MASc, PhD
Miron, John - BA, MA, MSc, PhD
Mitchell, Carl - PhD
Mollett, Sharlene - BA, MES, DA
Narayanareddy, Rajyashree - BA, MEc, MS, PhD
Poland, Blake - BA, PhD
Prudham, Scott - BASc, BA, MA, PhD
Rankin, Katharine - BA, MA, PhD
Robinson, John - BA, BA, MES, MES, PhD, PhD
Robinson, Vincent - BSc, MSc, PhD
Ruddick, Susan - PhD
Siemiatycki, Matthew - BA, MSc, PhD
Silvey, Rachel - BA, MA, PhD
Simpson, Myrna - BS, DPhil
Singh, Neera - BSc, MF, PhD
Smith, C.Tattersall - BA, MS, PhD
Sorensen, Andre - BFA, MSc, PhD
Wakefield, Sarah - BA, MA, PhD
Walks, Alan - BA, MA, PhD
Wells, Mathew - BS, DPhil
Widener, Michael - PhD
Wilson, Kathleen - AB, AM, PhD

Members Emeriti

Bourne, Larry - BA, MA, PhD
Britton, John - BA, MA, PhD
Bunce, Michael - BA, PhD
Davis, Anthony - BA, MA, PhD
Gad, Gunter - DPhil, PhD
Galloway, John - BA, MA, PhD
Greenwood, Brian - BSc, PhD
Price, Anthony - BSc, MSc, PhD
Relph, Edward - BA, MPH, PhD
Savan, Beth - BSc, PhD
Whitney, Joseph - BA, PhD

Associate Members

Allahwala, M. Ahmed - MA
Basiliko, Nathan - PhD
Besco, Laurel - BES, MA
Boyes, Donald - BS, MA, PhD
Brail, Shauna - BA, MA, PhD
Buckley, Michelle - BES, MES, PhD
Campsie, Philippa - BA, MSc
Carter, Angela - BA, MA, PhD
Dowler, Robert - BA, MSc
Drummond, Lisa - BA, MA, PhD
Dunn, James - AB, AM, PhD
Farber, Steven - BA, MA, PhD
Farrow, John - MBA
Georgis, Dina - PhD
Han, Ju Hui - BA, PhD
Kipfer, Stefan - BA, MES, PhD
Kramer, Anna - PhD
Laliberte, Nicole - BA, MS, PhD
Lehnherr, Igor - BSc, PhD
Levkoe, Charles - PhD
Leydon, Joseph - BA, MA, PhD
Liu, Jingxian - BSc, MSc, PhD
Makuch, Stanley - LLB, BA, LLM
Murck, Barbara - AB, PhD
Noland, Thomas L. - BScF, MScF, PhD
Porter, Trevor - BSc, PhD
Roberts, David - DA
Sharpe, Erin - BPHE, MA, PhD
Shear, Harvey - PhD
Stiegman, Martha - BA, PhD
Teelucksingh, Cheryl - BA, MA, PhD
Wood, Patricia - BA, PhD

Geography and Planning: Geography MA, MSc

Master of Arts

Program Description

The MA program offers studies in areas of human geography, including historical/social/cultural geography, urban/economic geography, environmental geography and resource management and some areas of spatial information systems. Applicants should apply to the MA degree program (rather than the MSc) if their planned research contains a substantial human geography component and if two-thirds of their planned coursework comprises Geography courses accepted by the department as social science courses.

 

MA Program (Thesis Option)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university with a minimum standing equivalent to at least a University of Toronto B+ in the final two years.

  • Applicants are expected to have completed at least 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in geography or a related field. Applicants lacking the minimum requirements should consider doing qualifying work at the undergraduate level prior to application. Such work should be undertaken in consultation with the Graduate Coordinator. Applicants who hold an appropriate bachelor's degree but are changing disciplines or require further preparatory work, may be required to complete an additional year of graduate-level coursework.

Program Requirements

  • Progress into the second session is dependent on achieving an overall B average in the first session and satisfactory progress as outlined in the Graduate Geography Handbook.

  • Students undertake research leading to the preparation of a thesis (RST 9999Y), in conjunction with at least the equivalent of 1.5 FCEs in coursework including: 

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR 1105H Human Geography Core Course;

    • 0.5 FCE elective course in geography or from an approved list of courses available from the department; and

    • 0.5 FCE elective course that may be taken inside or outside the department.

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

 

MA Program (Research Paper Option)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university with a minimum standing equivalent to at least a University of Toronto B+ in the final two years.

  • Applicants are expected to have completed at least 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in geography or a related field. Applicants lacking the minimum requirements should consider doing qualifying work at the undergraduate level prior to application. Such work should be undertaken in consultation with the Graduate Coordinator. Applicants who hold an appropriate bachelor's degree but are changing disciplines or require further preparatory work, may be required to complete an additional year of graduate-level coursework.

Program Requirements

  • Progress into the second session is dependent on achieving an overall B average in the first session and satisfactory progress as outlined in the Graduate Geography Handbook.

  • Students will undertake research leading to the preparation of a major research paper (GGR 1100Y, 1.0 FCE), in conjunction with the equivalent of 3.0 graduate FCEs in coursework including:

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR 1105H Human Geography Core Course

    • 1.5 FCE elective courses in geography or from an approved list of courses available from the department; and 

    • 1.0 FCE elective courses, 0.5 FCE of which must be taken outside the department.

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

 

Master of Science

Program Description

The MSc program offers studies in the areas of physical geography, spatial information systems and some areas of environmental studies. Applicants should apply to the MSc degree program (rather than the MA) if their planned research contains a substantial physical science component and if two-thirds of their planned coursework comprises Geography courses accepted by the department as physical science courses.

 

MSc Program (Thesis Option)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university with a minimum standing equivalent to at least a University of Toronto B+ in the final two years.

  • Applicants are expected to have completed at least 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in geography or a related discipline. Applicants lacking the minimum requirements should consider doing qualifying work at the undergraduate level prior to application. Such work should be undertaken in consultation with the Graduate Coordinator. Applicants who hold an appropriate bachelor's degree but are changing disciplines or require further preparatory work, may be required to complete an additional year of graduate-level coursework.

Program Requirements

  • Progress into the second session is dependent on achieving an overall B average in the first session and satisfactory progress as outlined in the Graduate Geography Handbook.

  • Students undertake research leading to the preparation of a thesis (RST 9999Y), in conjunction with at least the equivalent of 1.5 FCEs in coursework including: 

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR 1200H Physical Geography Core Course

    • 0.5 FCE elective course in geography or from an approved list of courses available from the department; and

    • 0.5 FCE elective course that may be taken inside or outside the department.

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

 

MSc Program (Research Paper Option)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university with a minimum standing equivalent to at least a University of Toronto B+ in the final two years.

  • Applicants are expected to have completed at least 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in geography or a related discipline. Applicants lacking the minimum requirements should consider doing qualifying work at the undergraduate level prior to application. Such work should be undertaken in consultation with the Graduate Coordinator. Applicants who hold an appropriate bachelor's degree but are changing disciplines or require further preparatory work, may be required to complete an additional year of graduate-level coursework.

Program Requirements

  • Progress into the second session is dependent on achieving an overall B average in the first session and satisfactory progress as outlined in the Graduate Geography Handbook.

  • Students will undertake research leading to the preparation of a major research paper (GGR 1100Y; 1.0 FCE), in conjunction with the equivalent of 3.0 graduate FCEs in coursework including:

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR 1200H Physical Geography Core Course

    • 1.5 FCE elective courses in geography or from an approved list of courses available from the department; and 

    • 1.0 FCE elective courses, 0.5 FCE of which must be taken outside the department.

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

Geography and Planning: Geography PhD

Doctor of Philosophy​

Program Description

The PhD is primarily a research degree. A program of study is designed for each student to ensure competence in a field of research and to facilitate the preparation of a dissertation.

Applicants may enter the PhD program via one of two routes: 1) following completion of a master’s degree or 2) direct entry after completing a bachelor’s degree.

 

Fields:
Physical Geography and Natural Systems
Spatial Information Systems

PhD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate master's degree from a recognized university, with a minimum standing equivalent to at least a University of Toronto A-.

Program Requirements

  • Complete a minimum of 1.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in coursework as follows:

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR 1200H Physical Geography Core Course. Students who have taken GGR 1200H at the master's level may take an alternative geography course.;

    • 0.5 FCE in geography courses or from a list of approved courses available from the department;

    • 0.5 FCE in elective courses which may be taken in any departments.

    • Students who hold an appropriate master's degree but are changing disciplines or require further preparatory work may be required to complete additional coursework.

  • Submit a research statement concerning the proposed PhD topic and the scope of the PhD examination by the end of April in Year 1.

  • Pass a PhD examination in the general field in which research is being undertaken between June of Year 1 and no later than December of Year 2. The scope and areas of concentration of the exam are to be determined jointly by the supervisory committee and the student. There are two components of the PhD exam:

    • A written exam (options are an eight-hour closed room exam on campus in one day or over two days, or a five-day off-campus exam).

    • An oral exam to take place within one week of the written exam.

  • A student who fails the PhD examination may retake the exam once within six months. Failure of the second exam may result in a recommendation for termination from the program.

  • Acquire knowledge of a foreign language necessary for research upon the recommendation of the supervisory committee.

  • Submit a research proposal that is acceptable to the supervisory committee, normally by the end of June of Year 2 and no later than September of Year 3.

  • Unless otherwise specified, two years of residence are required whereby the student is required to be on campus full-time and consequently in such geographical proximity as to be able to participate fully in University activities associated with the program.

  • Complete a thesis embodying the results of original investigation, conducted by the candidate, on the approved topic from a major area of study. The thesis shall constitute a significant contribution to the knowledge of the field and must be conducted while the student is registered in the PhD program.

PhD degree program details are fully described in the Graduate Geography Handbook and the department's website.

Program Length

4 years

Time Limit

6 years

 

PhD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • In exceptional cases and at the discretion of the department, admission to the PhD program by direct entry may be approved for applicants with an overall A average and an appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university.

Program Requirements

  • Complete a minimum of 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR 1200H Physical Geography Core Course;

    • 0.5 FCE in geography courses or from a list of approved courses available from the department;

    • 2.0 FCE in elective courses which may be taken in any department.

  • Submit a research statement concerning the proposed PhD topic and the scope of the PhD examination by the end of April in Year 1.

  • Pass a PhD examination in the general field in which research is being undertaken between June of Year 1 and no later than December of Year 2. The scope and areas of concentration of the exam are to be determined jointly by the supervisory committee and the student. There are two components of the PhD exam:

    • A written exam (options are an eight-hour closed room exam on campus in one day or over two days, or a five-day off-campus exam).

    • An oral exam to take place within one week of the written exam.

  • A student who fails the PhD examination may retake the exam once within six months. Failure of the second exam may result in a recommendation for termination from the program.

  • Acquire knowledge of a foreign language necessary for their research upon the recommendation of their supervisory committee.

  • Submit a research proposal that is acceptable to the supervisory committee, normally by the end of June of Year 2 and no later than September of Year 3.

  • Unless otherwise specified, two years of residence are required whereby the student is required to be on campus full-time and consequently in such geographical proximity as to be able to participate fully in the University activities associated with the program.

  • Complete a thesis embodying the results of original investigation, conducted by the candidate, on the approved topic from a major area of study. The thesis shall constitute a significant contribution to the knowledge of the field and must be conducted while the student is registered in the PhD program.

PhD degree program details are fully described in the Graduate Geography Handbook and the department's website.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

 

Fields:
Environmental Geography and Resource Management
Urban/Economic Geography
Historical/Social/Cultural Geography

PhD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate master's degree from a recognized university, with a minimum standing equivalent to at least a University of Toronto A-.

Program Requirements

  • Complete a minimum of 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in coursework including: 

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR 1110H Issues in Geographic Thought and Practice.

    • 1.0 FCE in geography courses or from a list of approved courses available from the department.

    • At least 0.5 FCE but not more than 1.5 FCE courses in other departments.

    • In exceptional cases, at the discretion of the department, up to 1.0 FCE of graduate courses completed at the master's level at the University of Toronto may be counted towards meeting some course requirements. 

    • Students who hold an appropriate master's degree but are changing disciplines or require further preparatory work may be required to complete additional coursework.

  • Submit a research statement concerning the proposed PhD topic and the scope of the PhD examination by the end of April in Year 1.

  • Pass a PhD examination in the general field in which research is being undertaken between June of Year 1 and no later than December of Year 2. The scope and areas of concentration of the exam are to be determined jointly by the supervisory committee and the student. There are two components of the PhD exam:

    • A written exam (options are an eight-hour closed room exam on campus in one day or over two days, or a five-day off-campus exam).

    • An oral exam to take place within one week of the written exam.

  • A student who fails the PhD examination may retake the exam once within six months. Failure of the second exam may result in a recommendation for termination from the program.

  • Acquire knowledge of a foreign language necessary for research upon the recommendation of the supervisory committee.

  • Submit a research proposal that is acceptable to the supervisory committee, normally by the end of June of Year 2 and no later than September of Year 3.

  • Unless otherwise specified, two years of residence are required whereby the student is required to be on campus full-time and consequently in such geographical proximity as to be able to participate fully in the University activities associated with the program.

  • Complete a thesis embodying the results of original investigation, conducted by the candidate, on the approved topic from a major area of study. The thesis shall constitute a significant contribution to the knowledge of the field and must be conducted while the student is registered in the PhD program.

PhD degree program details are fully described in the Graduate Geography Handbook and the department's website.

Program Length

4 years

Time Limit

6 years

 

PhD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • In exceptional cases and at the discretion of the department, admission to the PhD program by direct entry may be approved for applicants with an overall A average and appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university.

Program Requirements

  • Complete a minimum of 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in coursework as follows:

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR 1110H Issues in Geographic Thought and Practice;

    • 1.0 FCE in geography courses or from a list of approved courses available from the department;

    • at least 0.5 FCE but no more than 1.5 FCE courses in other departments.

  • Submit a research statement concerning the proposed PhD topic and the scope of the PhD examination by the end of April in Year 1.

  • Pass a PhD examination in the general field in which research is being undertaken between June of Year 1 and no later than December of Year 2. The scope and areas of concentration of the exam are to be determined jointly by the supervisory committee and the student. There are two components of the PhD exam:

    • a written exam (options are an eight-hour closed room exam on campus in one day or over two days, or a five-day off-campus exam), and

    • an oral exam to take place within one week of the written exam.

  • A student who fails the PhD examination may retake the exam once within six months. Failure of the second exam may result in a recommendation for termination from the program.

  • Acquire knowledge of a foreign language necessary for the research upon the recommendation of the supervisory committee.

  • Submit a research proposal that is acceptable to the supervisory committee, normally by the end of June of Year 2 and no later than September of Year 3.

  • Unless otherwise specified, two years of residence are required whereby the student is required to be on campus full-time and consequently in such geographical proximity as to be able to participate fully in the University activities associated with the program.

  • Complete a thesis embodying the results of original investigation, conducted by the candidate, on the approved topic from a major area of study. The thesis shall constitute a significant contribution to the knowledge of the field and must be conducted while the student is registered in the PhD program.

PhD degree program details are fully described in the Graduate Geography Handbook and the department's website.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

Geography and Planning: Geography MA, MSc, PhD Courses

The following graduate courses will be available on demand and subject to faculty resources. Not all courses are given every year, and some members of the graduate faculty are on research leave. Please consult the departmental graduate office. The 2000-level courses are normally open to PhD students only.

Core Courses

​GGR 1105H​
Human Geography Core Course​
​GGR 1200H
​Physical Geography Core Course
​GGR 1110H
​Issues in Geographic Thought and Practice

Research Methods Courses

​​JPG 1111​H
Advanced ​Research Design​​​
​JPG 1140H
​​Discourse Analysis Methodology​
JPG 1400H Advanced Quantitative Methods

Individual Topics Courses

​GGR 1149H,Y​
Readings in Selected Topics​
​GGR 2149H,Y
​Readings in Selected Topics
​GGR 2150H,Y
Advanced Seminar in Selected Topics
​JPG 2150H
​Advanced Seminars in Selected Topics

Physical Geography​

​GGR 1202​H
​Sedimentation and Fluvial Geomorphology
​GGR 1211H
​The Global Carbon Cycle: From Rubisco to the Earth's Mantle
​JGE 1212H
​Fate of Contaminants in the Environment
​GGR 1214H
​Global Ecology and Biogeochemical Cycles
​GGR 1215H
​Advanced Watershed Hydroecology
​GGR 1216H
​Advanced Biogeochemical Processes
​GGR 1217H
​Arctic Environments
GGR 1218H Quantitative, Open-Source Methods in Physical Geography Research
​GGR 1302H
Advanced Hydrology and Water Quality​
​GGR 1303H
​Paleoecology and Paleoclimatology

​​​Environmental and Resource Geography

​GGR 1404H
Global Warming​
​GGR 1406H
Energy Supply and Use​
​GGR 1407H
​Efficient Use of Energy
​GGR 1408H
Carbon-Free Energy​
​JPG 1410H
​Institutional and Organizational Ecology
​JGE 1413H
​Workshop in Environmental Impact Assessment
​JPG 1415H
Global Environmental Justice and Social Movements​
​​JPG 1419H
Aboriginal/Canadian Relations in Environmental and Resource Management​
​​JPG 1421H
Health in Urban Environments​
​JPG 1423H
Political Ecology of the Global Agrifood System​
​JPG 1424H
Comparative Farming Systems​
​JGE 1425H
​Livelihoods, Poverty, and Environment in the Developing Countries
​JPG 1426H
​Natural Resources, Difference, and Conflict​
​JPG 1427H
​The (Re)Localization of Food Production: Debates and Controversies
​JPG 1429H
​The Political Ecology of Food and the Agrarian Question

​Urban and Economic Geography

​JPG 1428H
​Managing Urban Ecosystems
​JPG 1501H
​The Political Economy of Cities​
​JPG 1502H
​Global Urbanism and Cities of the Global South
JPG 1504H Institutionalism and Cities: Space, Governance, Property and Power
​JPG 1507H
​Housing Markets and Housing Policy Analysis
​JPG 1508H
​Planning for the Urban Poor in Developing Countries
​​​JPG 1510H
Recent Debates on Urban Form​
​JPG 1512H
​Place, Politics, and the Urban
​JPG 1516H
Declining Cities​
​JPG 1518H
​Sustainability and Urban Communities​
​JPG 1554H
​Transportation and Urban Form
​​JPG 1558H
​Transportation: Historical and Geographical Perspectives
​JPG 1607H
​Geography of Competition
​JGE 1609H
​Cities, Industry, and the Environment
​GGR 1610H
​Geography of Finance and Financial Crisis
​​JPG 1615H
Planning and the Social Economy​
​JPG 1616H
​The Cultural Economy
JPG 1617H Organization of Economies and Cities
​GGR 1620H
​Institutional and Evolutionary Economic Geography
JPG 1660H
Regional Dynamics​
​JPG 1670H
Regional Economic Analysis​
​JPG 1809H
​​Spaces of Work: Value, Identity, Agency, Justice
​JPG 1812Y
​Planning for Change: Community Development in Practic​e

Historical, Social, and Cultural Geography

​JPG 1503H
​Space, Time, Revolution​
​JPG 1505H
The Multicultural City: Diversity, Policy, and Planning​
​JPG 1506H
State/Space/Difference: Understanding the New Social Geography of the State​
​JPG 1520H
Contested Geographies of Class Formation​
​JPG 1672H
​Land and Justice
​​GGR 1705H
​Historical Geographies of Modernity
​GGR 1706H
Geographies of Religion and Secularism​
​JPG 1706H
​Violence &​​​​ Security
​GGR 1707H
​Situating Identities: Geography and Autobiography
​​​​​​GGR 1714H
Geographies of Citizenship​
​JPG 1802H
​Political Spaces I
​JPG 1804H
​Space, Power,​ and Geography: Understanding Spatiality
​JPG 1805H
​Transnationalism, Diaspora, and Gender
​GGR 1806H
​Feminist Geographies
​GGR 1811H
​Troubling Militarism: Space, Affect, Economy
JPG 1813H Planning and Social Policy
​JPG 1815H
​Political Economy, the Body, and Health

Geographical Information Analysis

​JPG 1906​H
​Geographic Information Systems
​GGR 1911H
Remote Sensing​
​GGR 1912H
Advanced Remote Sensing​
​JPG 1914H
Geographic Information Systems Research Project​
​GGR 1921H
Land/Geographic Information Systems​
​GGR 1922H
Topics in Geographical Information Science​​

Geography and Planning: Planning MScPl

Master of Science in Planning​

Program Description

Students normally enrol for two years of full-time study, although part or all of the requirements of the program may be met by part-time study, with the approval of the Program Director.

 

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university, with a minimum final-year standing in the social or life sciences, the humanities, or the professions, equivalent to at least a University of Toronto B+. Knowledge of introductory economics and statistics, as well as word processing and spreadsheet skills, is preferred prior to entry.

Program Requirements

  • The program consists of 8.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) plus the PLA 4444Y internship, taken over two years, as follows:

    • 4.0 FCEs in core courses

    • 4.0 FCEs chosen from the list of electives and from the offerings of other departments, centres, and institutes. At least 2.5 FCEs of these electives must fit into an approved specialization in one of the following five fields:

      • Urban Planning and Development

      • Environmental Planning

      • Social Planning and Policy

      • Economic Planning and Policy

      • Urban Design

    • PLA 4444H Internship (0.0 FCE). Students are required to pursue a planning internship between Years 1 and 2 of the program. Part-time students who are currently employed in a planning environment may be exempted from this requirement; however, the Planning Director retains final discretion in the decision.

  • Progress into Year 2  of the program is normally dependent upon the achievement of an overall B average in the first year. Equivalent provisions apply to the part-time program.

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S);
12 sessions part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

Geography and Planning: Planning PhD

Doctor of Philosophy​

Program Description

The PhD is primarily a research degree. A program of study is designed for each student to ensure competence in a field of research and to facilitate the preparation of a dissertation.

 

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate master's degree in planning or a related field, or its equivalent from a recognized university, with a minimum standing equivalent to at least a University of Toronto A- and demonstrated competence in analytical methods or successful completion of one of two methods courses in the current master's program.

Program Requirements

All PhD students must:

  • Take 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs), if they hold a master's degree in planning comparable to the U of T MSc in Planning, as follows:

    • ​​​1.5 FCEs in core courses

    • 1.5 FCEs in electives (at least 0.5 elective FCE must be outside the Planning program).

    Students who enter with a master's degree in a related field may be required to take up to an additional 1.0 FCE depending on their background and experience.

  • Submit a research statement concerning the proposed PhD topic and the scope of the PhD examination by the end of April in Year 1.

  • Pass a PhD examination in the general field in which research is being undertaken between June of Year 1 and no later than December of Year 2. The scope and areas of concentration of the exam are to be determined jointly by the supervisory committee and the student. There are two components of the PhD exam:

    1. a written exam (options are an eight-hour closed room exam on campus in one day or over two days, or a five-day off-campus exam); and

    2. an oral exam to take place within one week of the written exam.

    A student who fails the PhD examination may retake the exam once within six months. A failure of the second exam may result in recommendation for termination of the student’s program.

  • Acquire knowledge of a foreign language necessary for their research upon the recommendation of their committee.

  • Submit a research proposal that is acceptable to their research committee, normally by the end of June of Year 2 and no later than September of Year 3.

  • Be in residence for two years, unless otherwise specified, during which the student is required to be on campus full-time and consequently in such geographical proximity as to be able to participate fully in the University activities associated with the program.

  • Complete a thesis embodying the results of original investigation, conducted by the candidate, on the approved topic from a major area of study. The thesis shall constitute a significant contribution to the knowledge of the field and must be conducted while the student is registered in the PhD program.

PhD degree program details are fully described in the Graduate Geography Handbook and the department's website.

Program Length

4 years full-time

Time Limit

6 years full-time

Geography and Planning: Planning MScPl, PhD Courses

All courses are not given every year; some faculty members may be on research leave. Please consult the departmental graduate office for details.

Core Courses for the MScPl

​PLA 1101H
Issues in P​lanning History, Thought, and Practice​
​PLA 1102H
Planning Decision Methods I​
​PLA ​1103H
or
PLA 1656H
​Legal Basis of Planning
or
Land Use Planning: Principals and Practice
​PLA 1105H
Planning Decision Methods II​
​PLA 1106Y
Workshop in Planning Practice
​PLA 1107Y
Current Issues Paper​

Core Courses for the PhD in Planning

​JPG 1111H
Advanced Res​earch Design (or a methods course in a related department subject to the approval of the supervisor)
​PLA 2000H
Advanced Planning Theory​
​PLA 2001H
Planning Colloquium (CR/NCR)​

​Elective Courses

​JPG 114​0H
​Discourse Analysis Methodology
​PLA 1149H
​Independent Study​
​PLA 1150H
​Planning Field Trip Course
​JPG 1400H
​Advanced Quantitative Methods​
​​​​JPG 1407H
Efficient Use of Energy​
​JPG 1410H
​Institutional and Organizational Ecology
​JGE 1413H
Workshop in Environmental Impact Assessment​
​JPG 1415H
Global Environmental Justice and Social Movements​
​JPG 1416H
​Environmental Consequences of Land Use Change
​JPG 1418H
​Rural Land Use Planning
​JPG 1419H
Aboriginal/Canadian Relations in Environmental and Resource Management​
​JGE 1420H
​Urban Waste Management: an International Perspective
​JPG 1421H
​Health in Urban Environments
​JPG 1423H
Political Ecology of the Global Agrifood System​
​JPG 1424H
Comparative Farming Systems​
​JPG 1426H
​Natural Resources, Difference, and Conflict
JPG 1427H
​​The (Re)Localization of Food Production: Debates and Controversies
JPG 1428H
Managing Urban Ecosystems
​JPG 1429H
​The Political Ecology of Food and the Agrarian Question​
​JPG 1501H
​The Political Economy of Cities
​JPG 1502H
​Global Urbanism and Cities of the Global South
​JPG 1503H
​Space, Time, Revolution
​​JPG 1504H
Insti​tutionalism and Cities: Space, Governance, Property, and Power​
​JPG 1505H
​The Multicultural City: Diversity, Policy, and Planning
​JPG 1506H
​State/Space/Difference: Understanding the New Social Geography of the State​
​JPG 1507​H
​Housing Markets and Housing Policy Analysis
​JPG 1508H
Planning for the Urban Poor in Developing Countries​
​​JPG 1510H
​Recent Debates on Urban Form
​JPG 1512H
​Place, Politics, and the Urban
​PLA 1514H
​The Role of the Planner
​JPG 1516H
Declining Cities​
​PLA 1516H
​Special Topics in Planning II
​PLA 1517H
​Special Topics in Planning III
​JPG 1518H
​Sustainability and Urban Communities
​PLA 1518H
​City Building—Practice and Experience in Toronto and Other World Cities
PLA 1519H Planning and Governance
​PLA 1551H
​Policy Analysis
​PLA 1552H
​City Planning and Management
​PLA 1553H
​Urban Transportation Policy Analysis
​JPG 1554H
​Transportation and Urban Form
​JPG 1558H
​Transportation: Historical and Geographical Perspectives
​PLA 1601H
​Environmental Planning and Policy
​JPG 1607H
​Geography of Competition
​​JPG 1615H
​Planning and ​​the Social Economy
​JPG 1616H
​The Cultural Economy
JPG 1617H Organization of Economies and Cities
​PLA 1650H
Urban Design: History Theory Criticism​
​PLA 1651H
Planning and Real Estate Development​
​PLA 1652H
​Introductory Studio in Urban Design and Planning
​PLA 1653H​
​Advanced Studio in Urban Design and Planning
​PLA 1654H
Urban Design Research Methods​
​PLA 1655H
​Urban Design and Development Controls
​PLA 1656H
Land Use Planning: Principles and Practice​
​JPG 1660H
​Regional Dynamics
​JPG 1670H
Regional Economic Analysis​
​JPG 1672H
​Land ​and Justice
PLA 1702H Pedestrians, Streets, and Public Space
​​​​​JPG 1706H
Violence & Security​
​​​​PLA 1751H
Public Finance for Planners​
​PLA 1801H
​Urban Infrastructure Planning
​JPG 1802H
​Political Spaces I
​JPG 1804H
​Space, Power, and Geography: Understanding Spatiality
​​JPG 1805H
​Transnationalism, Diaspora, and Gender
​JPG 1809H
Spaces of Work: Value, Identity, Agency, Justice
​JPG 1810H
​Globalization and Postmodernism
​JPG 1812Y
​Planning for Change: Community Development in Practice
​JPG 1813H Planning and Social Policy
​JPG 1906H
Geographic Information Systems
​JPG 1909H
Social Survey Methods​
​JPG 1914H
​Geographic Information Systems Research Project
​JPG 2150H
​Advanced Seminars in Selected Topics​
​PLA 4444H
Internship (Credit/No Credit) (Designates the internship to be undertaken by master’s students in the Planning Program. It cannot be used to fulfil other course requirements for the degree.)​​

Geography and Planning: Urban Design Studies MUDS

Master of Urban Design Studies

Effective September 2015, admissions to the Master of Urban Design Studies have been suspended.

Students are admitted via one of three routes: 1) with a master's degree in a professional field; 2) with a bachelor's degree (four- or five-year) in planning, architecture, or landscape architecture; 3) with a bachelor's degree (four- or five-year) in any discipline plus evidence of significant professional experience.

The Master of Urban Design Studies program can be completed on a full-time basis only.

 

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants with prior degrees in a range of disciplines including planning, geography, other social sciences, the design disciplines, business administration, and law are encouraged to apply. Students are admitted via one of three routes:

    • ​​​Master's degree in a professional field such as planning, architecture, landscape architecture, business administration, and law; an average equivalent to at least at University of Toronto B+ in graduate studies is required.

    • Bachelor's degree (four- or five-year) in planning, architecture, or landscape architecture, with a strong design orientation; an average equivalent to at least a University of Toronto B+ (or upper second class) in the final year is required.

    • Bachelor's degree (four- or five-year) in any discipline plus evidence of significant professional experience (normally at least five years) in an area related to urban design and planning; an average equivalent to at least a University of Toronto B+ in the final year of the undergraduate program is required.

Program Requirements

  • Students entering with significant prior design workshop/studio experience (as determined by the admissions committee) must complete a core program of 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • 2.5 FCEs

    • 1.5 FCEs chosen from electives given within the Program in Planning; the Faculty of Architecture, Landscape, and Design; and from the offerings of other graduate units.

  • Students entering without significant prior design workshop/studio experience must complete 5.5 FCEs as follows:

    • 2.5 FCEs

    • 2.5 FCEs chosen from electives given within the Program in Planning; the Faculty of Architecture, Landscape, and Design; and from the offerings of other graduate units.

    • PLA 1652H Introductory Studio in Urban Design and Planning

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 yea​rs full-time

Geography and Planning: Urban Design Studies MUDS Courses

Core Courses

The core program is composed of five half-course equivalents (six half-course equivalents for those entering the program without significant prior design workshop/studio experience) that encompass the practical, theoretical, and methodological aspects of urban design.

Course sequence for the core program:

First Session​
​PLA 1650H / ​URD 1031H
Urban Design: History Theory Criticism​
​PLA 1652H
​I​ntroductory Studio in Urban Design and Planning (students without significant design workshop/studio experience must take PLA 1652H)
​PLA 1654H
​Urban Design Research Methods

Plus one half-course elective, or two half-course electives if the student is exempted from PLA 1652H.

Second Session
​PLA 1653Y​
Advanced Studio in Urban Design and Planning​
​PLA 1655H
Urban Design and Development​

Plus one half-course elective.

Electives

Elective courses may be chosen from the following:

​JPG 1501H
The Political Economy of Cities​
​JPG 1510H
​Recent Debates on Urban Form
​JPG 1512H
Place, Politics, and the Urban​
​JPG 1554H
Transportation and Urban Form​
​JPG 1615H
Planning and the Social Economy​
​PLA 1651H
Planning and Real Estate Development​
​JPG 1804H
​Space, Power, and Geogr​aphy: Understanding Spatiality
​JPG 1914H
​Spatial Information Systems
​URD 1012H
Urban Design Studio Options​
​URD 1021H
Urban Design Computation​
​URD 1032H
​Urban Design in the History of the Post-​Industrial World
​URD 1033H
The City and the Text​
​URD 2041H
Business and Land Use Planning in Real Estate Development​
​JPG 2150H
​Advanced Seminars in Selected Topics​

​MUDS students may also select other electives, subject to the approval of the Director, Program in Planning, and the Coordinator of the MUDS program. Courses with a URD designation are offered through the Fa​culty of Architecture, Landscape, and Design.