Geography and Planning

Geography and Planning: Introduction

Faculty Affiliation

Arts and Science

Degree Programs

Geography

MA, MSc, and PhD

  • Fields:
    • Environmental Geography and Resource Management;
    • Historical/Social/Cultural Geography;
    • Physical Geography and Natural Systems;
    • Spatial Information Systems;
    • Urban/Economic Geography

Planning

MScPl

  • Concentrations:
    • Economic Planning and Policy;
    • Environmental Planning;
    • Social Planning and Policy;
    • Transportation Planning and Infrastructure;
    • Urban Design;
    • Urban Planning and Development
 

PhD

  • Fields:
    • Cities in Global Context: Economic Development and Social Planning;
    • Environmental and Sustainability Planning;
    • Urban Development, Design and the Built Environment

Collaborative Specializations

The following collaborative specializations are available to students in participating degree programs as listed below:

Overview

The Department of Geography and Planning offers facilities for research leading to the degrees of Master of Arts (MA), Master of Science (MSc), Master of Science in Planning (MScPl), and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in either Geography or Planning. The PhD program prepares students for academic careers in teaching and research. Some may also pursue an advanced career in the public or non-profit sectors, given the rising demand outside of academia for people with a PhD credential.

In Geography, faculty conduct research in the following areas: geomorphology, climatology, hydrology, biogeography, pedology, environmental assessment and sustainable natural resource management, international development, industrial innovation, urban and economic geography, cultural and historical geography, gender studies, social geography, regional analysis, the history and philosophy of geography, remote sensing, computer cartography, spatial statistics, topics in land/geographic information systems, and quantitative analysis. The territories of special concern are Canada, the United States, Latin America, the Caribbean, Northwestern and Central Europe, East Asia, South Asia, and the former Soviet Union.

In Planning, faculty work involves social, economic, cultural, and other vital considerations. In spatial scale, it ranges from the design of individual communities to policy planning at the national level to international development. Planning specializations include land use, transportation, urban design, social policy, public health, economic development, international development, and the environment.

Contact and Address

Web: geography.utoronto.ca
Geography and PhD programs email: graduate.geography@utoronto.ca
MSc Planning program email: planning.geoplan@utoronto.ca
Geography and PhD programs telephone: (416) 978-3377
MSc Planning program telephone: (416) 946-0269
Fax: (416) 946-3886

Department of Geography and Planning
University of Toronto
Sidney Smith Hall
5th Floor, 100 St. George Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G3
Canada

Geography and Planning: Graduate Faculty

Full Members

Abizaid, Christian - MA, PhD
Archontitsis, Georgios - BSc, MSc, PhD
Bathelt, Harald - MA, PhD, CRC
Besco, Laurel - BES, MA, PhD
Boland, Alana - BA, MA, PhD
Brown, Laura - BSc, MSc, PhD
Buliung, Ronald - MA, PhD (Graduate Chair)
Bunce, Susannah - BA, MES, PhD
Caspersen, John - BA, PhD
Chen, Jing - BSc, PhD
Conway, Tenley - BS, MS, PhD
Cowen, Deborah - BA, MCP, PhD
Cowling, Sharon - BSc, MSc, PhD
Daniere, Amrita - AB, PhD
Desloges, Joseph - BES, MSc, PhD
Desrochers, Pierre - AB, MA, PhD
Diamond, Miriam - MSc, MSc, PhD
DiFrancesco, Richard - PhD (Chair)
Farish, Matthew - BA, PhD
Finkelstein, Sarah - AB, MPH, PhD
Florida, Richard - BA, PhD
Gertler, Meric - AB, MCP, PhD
Gilbert, Emily - PhD
Goonewardena, Kanishka - BSc, MCP, PhD
Gough, William - BSc, MSc, PhD
Hackworth, Jason - BA, MA, MCP, PhD
Harvey, Danny - BSc, MSc, PhD
He, Yuhong - PhD
Hess, Paul - BA, MA, PhD
Hunter, Mark - BA, MSS, PhD
Isaac, Marney Elizabeth - BS, MES, PhD
Isakson, Ryan - BEc, BA, PhD
Kant, Shashi - BE, MA, PhD
Kepe, Thembela - MS, PhD
Klenk, Nicole - BS, MSc, PhD
Leslie, Deborah - BA, MA, PhD (Associate Chair, Graduate Geography)
Lewis, Robert - BA, MA, PhD
MacDonald, Ken - BA, MA, PhD
Maclaren, Virginia - BA, MRP, MSc, PhD
Malcolm, Jay - BSc, MSc, PhD
Miller, Eric - BASc, MASc, PhD
Miron, John - BA, MA, MSc, PhD
Mitchell, Carl - PhD
Mollett, Sharlene - BA, MES, DA
Olive, Andrea - PhD
Oswin, Natalie Karen - BA, MA, PhD
Poland, Blake - BA, PhD
Prudham, Scott - BASc, BA, MA, PhD
Rankin, Katharine - BA, MA, PhD
Ruddick, Susan - PhD
Siemiatycki, Matti - BA, MSc, PhD
Silvey, Rachel - BA, MA, PhD
Simpson, Myrna - BS, DPhil
Singh, Neera - BSc, MF, PhD
Smith, C. Tattersall - BA, MS, PhD
Sorensen, Andre - BFA, MSc, PhD
Vinodrai, Tara - BA, MA, PhD
Wakefield, Sarah - BA, MA, PhD
Walks, Alan - BA, MA, PhD
Wells, Mathew - BS, DPhil
Widener, Michael - PhD
Wilson, Kathleen - AB, AM, PhD
Zhang, Jun - BS, MS, PhD

Members Emeriti

Bourne, Larry - BA, MA, PhD
Britton, John - BA, MA, PhD
Gad, Gunter - DPhil, PhD
Galloway, John - BA, MA, PhD
Greenwood, Brian - BSc, PhD
Munro, D. Scott - BSc, MSc, PhD
Savan, Beth - BSc, PhD

Associate Members

Allahwala, Ahmed - MA, PhD
Arik, Hulya - BA, MA, PhD
Boyes, Donald - BS, MA, PhD
Brail, Shauna - BA, MA, PhD
Breznitz, Shiri - BA, MA, PhD
Daigle, Michelle - BA, MA, PhD
DeLoyde, Carolyn - BA, MRP
Dorries, Heather - BA, MS, PhD
Dowler, Robert - BA, MSc
Dunn, James - AB, AM, PhD
Farrow, John - MBA
Flynn, Alexandra - LLB, BA, LLM, MA, PhD
Goffe, Rachel - BA, PhD
Hanssen, Jens - BPhil, DPhil
Higgins, Christopher - BA, MA, PhD
Kipfer, Stefan - BA, MES, PhD
Laliberte, Nicole - BA, MS, PhD
Latulippe, Nicole Monique - BA, MA, PhD
Leydon, Joseph - BA, MA, PhD
Liu, Jane - BSc, MSc, PhD
Maddalena, Damian - BS, MS, MA, PhD
Maringanti, Anant - BE, MA, PhD
Martin, Adam - BA, MF, PhD
Mclaughlin, James - PhD
Murck, Barbara - AB, PhD
Roberts, David - DA
Ross, Tim - PhD
Spicer, Jason - PhD
Stephens, Lindsay - BA, BA, MSc, MSc, PhD, PhD
Straw, William - PhD
Wang, Jue - BS, MPH, PhD
Zimmerman, Peter - BA, MES

Geography and Planning: Geography MA

Master of Arts

Program Description

The MA program offers studies in areas of human geography, including historical/social/cultural geography, urban/economic geography, environmental geography and resource management and some areas of spatial information systems. Applicants should apply to the MA degree program (rather than the MSc) if their planned research contains a substantial human geography component and if two-thirds of their planned coursework comprises Geography courses accepted by the department as social science courses.

 

MA Program (Thesis Option)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university with a minimum standing equivalent to at least a University of Toronto B+ in the final two years.

  • Applicants are expected to have completed at least 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in geography or a related field. Applicants lacking the minimum requirements should consider doing qualifying work at the undergraduate level prior to application. Such work should be undertaken in consultation with the Graduate Coordinator. Applicants who hold an appropriate bachelor's degree but are changing disciplines or require further preparatory work, may be required to complete an additional year of graduate-level coursework.

Program Requirements

  • Progress into the second session is dependent on achieving an overall B average in the first session and satisfactory progress as outlined in the Graduate Geography Handbook.

  • Students undertake research leading to the preparation of a thesis (RST9999Y), in conjunction with at least the equivalent of 1.5 FCEs in coursework including:

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR1105H Human Geography Core Course;

    • 0.5 FCE elective course in geography or from an approved list of courses available from the department; and

    • 0.5 FCE elective course that may be taken inside or outside the department.

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

 

MA Program (Research Paper Option)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university with a minimum standing equivalent to at least a University of Toronto B+ in the final two years.

  • Applicants are expected to have completed at least 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in geography or a related field. Applicants lacking the minimum requirements should consider doing qualifying work at the undergraduate level prior to application. Such work should be undertaken in consultation with the Graduate Coordinator. Applicants who hold an appropriate bachelor's degree but are changing disciplines or require further preparatory work, may be required to complete an additional year of graduate-level coursework.

Program Requirements

  • Progress into the second session is dependent on achieving an overall B average in the first session and satisfactory progress as outlined in the Graduate Geography Handbook.

  • Students will undertake research leading to the preparation of a major research paper (GGR1100Y, 1.0 FCE), in conjunction with the equivalent of 3.0 graduate FCEs in coursework including:

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR1105H Human Geography Core Course;

    • 1.5 FCE elective courses in geography or from an approved list of courses available from the department; and

    • 1.0 FCE elective courses, 0.5 FCE of which must be taken outside the department.

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

Geography and Planning: Geography MSc

Master of Science

Program Description

The MSc program offers studies in the areas of physical geography, spatial information systems and some areas of environmental studies. Applicants should apply to the MSc degree program (rather than the MA) if their planned research contains a substantial physical science component and if two-thirds of their planned coursework comprises Geography courses accepted by the department as physical science courses.

 

MSc Program (Thesis Option)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university with a minimum standing equivalent to at least a University of Toronto B+ in the final two years.

  • Applicants are expected to have completed at least 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in geography or a related discipline. Applicants lacking the minimum requirements should consider doing qualifying work at the undergraduate level prior to application. Such work should be undertaken in consultation with the Graduate Coordinator. Applicants who hold an appropriate bachelor's degree but are changing disciplines or require further preparatory work, may be required to complete an additional year of graduate-level coursework.

Program Requirements

  • Progress into the second session is dependent on achieving an overall B average in the first session and satisfactory progress as outlined in the Graduate Geography Handbook.

  • Students undertake research leading to the preparation of a thesis (RST9999Y), in conjunction with at least the equivalent of 1.5 FCEs in coursework including:

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR1200H Physical Geography Core Course;

    • 0.5 FCE elective course in geography or from an approved list of courses available from the department; and

    • 0.5 FCE elective course that may be taken inside or outside the department.

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

 

MSc Program (Research Paper Option)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university with a minimum standing equivalent to at least a University of Toronto B+ in the final two years.

  • Applicants are expected to have completed at least 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in geography or a related discipline. Applicants lacking the minimum requirements should consider doing qualifying work at the undergraduate level prior to application. Such work should be undertaken in consultation with the Graduate Coordinator. Applicants who hold an appropriate bachelor's degree but are changing disciplines or require further preparatory work, may be required to complete an additional year of graduate-level coursework.

Program Requirements

  • Progress into the second session is dependent on achieving an overall B average in the first session and satisfactory progress as outlined in the Graduate Geography Handbook.

  • Students will undertake research leading to the preparation of a major research paper (GGR1100Y; 1.0 FCE), in conjunction with the equivalent of 3.0 graduate FCEs in coursework including:

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR1200H Physical Geography Core Course;

    • 1.5 FCE elective courses in geography or from an approved list of courses available from the department; and

    • 1.0 FCE elective courses, 0.5 FCE of which must be taken outside the department.

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
6 sessions part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

Geography and Planning: Geography PhD Fields: 1) Physical Geography and Natural Systems; 2) Spatial Information Systems

Doctor of Philosophy

Program Description

The PhD is primarily a research degree. A program of study is designed for each student to ensure competence in a field of research and to facilitate the preparation of a dissertation.

Applicants may enter the PhD program via one of two routes: 1) following completion of a master’s degree or 2) direct entry after completing a bachelor’s degree.

 

Fields:
Physical Geography and Natural Systems;
Spatial Information Systems

PhD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate master's degree from a recognized university, with a minimum standing equivalent to at least a University of Toronto A–.

Program Requirements

  • Complete a minimum of 1.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in coursework as follows:

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR1200H Physical Geography Core Course. Students who have taken GGR1200H at the master's level may take an alternative geography course;

    • 0.5 FCE in geography courses or from a list of approved courses available from the department;

    • 0.5 FCE in elective courses which may be taken in any departments.

    • Students who hold an appropriate master's degree but are changing disciplines or require further preparatory work may be required to complete additional coursework.

  • Submit a research statement concerning the proposed PhD topic and the scope of the PhD examination by the end of April in Year 1.

  • Pass a PhD examination in the general field in which research is being undertaken between June of Year 1 and no later than December of Year 2. The scope and areas of concentration of the exam are to be determined jointly by the supervisory committee and the student. There are two components of the PhD exam:

    • A written exam (options are an eight-hour closed room exam on campus in one day or over two days, or a five-day off-campus exam).

    • An oral exam to take place within one week of the written exam.

  • A student who fails the PhD examination may retake the exam once within six months. Failure of the second exam may result in a recommendation for termination from the program.

  • Acquire knowledge of a foreign language necessary for research upon the recommendation of the supervisory committee.

  • Submit a research proposal that is acceptable to the supervisory committee, normally by the end of June of Year 2 and no later than September of Year 3.

  • Unless otherwise specified, two years of residence are required whereby the student is required to be on campus full-time and consequently in such geographical proximity as to be able to participate fully in University activities associated with the program.

  • Complete a thesis embodying the results of original investigation, conducted by the candidate, on the approved topic from a major area of study. The thesis shall constitute a significant contribution to the knowledge of the field and must be conducted while the student is registered in the PhD program.

  • See the Graduate Geography Handbook and visit the department's website.

Program Length

4 years

Time Limit

6 years

 

PhD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • In exceptional cases and at the discretion of the department, admission to the PhD program by direct entry may be approved for applicants with an overall A average and an appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university.

Program Requirements

  • Complete a minimum of 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR1200H Physical Geography Core Course;

    • 0.5 FCE in geography courses or from a list of approved courses available from the department;

    • 2.0 FCE in elective courses which may be taken in any department.

  • Submit a research statement concerning the proposed PhD topic and the scope of the PhD examination by the end of April in Year 1.

  • Pass a PhD examination in the general field in which research is being undertaken between June of Year 1 and no later than December of Year 2. The scope and areas of concentration of the exam are to be determined jointly by the supervisory committee and the student. There are two components of the PhD exam:

    • A written exam (options are an eight-hour closed room exam on campus in one day or over two days, or a five-day off-campus exam).

    • An oral exam to take place within one week of the written exam.

  • A student who fails the PhD examination may retake the exam once within six months. Failure of the second exam may result in a recommendation for termination from the program.

  • Acquire knowledge of a foreign language necessary for their research upon the recommendation of their supervisory committee.

  • Submit a research proposal that is acceptable to the supervisory committee, normally by the end of June of Year 2 and no later than September of Year 3.

  • Unless otherwise specified, two years of residence are required whereby the student is required to be on campus full-time and consequently in such geographical proximity as to be able to participate fully in the University activities associated with the program.

  • Complete a thesis embodying the results of original investigation, conducted by the candidate, on the approved topic from a major area of study. The thesis shall constitute a significant contribution to the knowledge of the field and must be conducted while the student is registered in the PhD program.

  • PhD degree program details are fully described in the Graduate Geography Handbook and the department's website.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

Geography and Planning: Geography PhD Fields: 1) Environmental Geography and Resource Management; 2) Historical/Social/Cultural Geography; 3) Urban/Economic Geography

Doctor of Philosophy

Program Description

The PhD is primarily a research degree. A program of study is designed for each student to ensure competence in a field of research and to facilitate the preparation of a dissertation.

Applicants may enter the PhD program via one of two routes: 1) following completion of a master’s degree or 2) direct entry after completing a bachelor’s degree.

 

Fields:
Environmental Geography and Resource Management;
Historical/Social/Cultural Geography;
Urban/Economic Geography

PhD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate master's degree from a recognized university, with a minimum standing equivalent to at least a University of Toronto A–.

Program Requirements

  • Complete a minimum of 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in coursework including:

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR1110H Issues in Geographic Thought and Practice.

    • 1.0 FCE in geography courses or from a list of approved courses available from the department.

    • At least 0.5 FCE but not more than 1.5 FCE courses in other departments.

    • In exceptional cases, at the discretion of the department, up to 1.0 FCE of graduate courses completed at the master's level at the University of Toronto may be counted towards meeting some course requirements.

    • Students who hold an appropriate master's degree but are changing disciplines or require further preparatory work may be required to complete additional coursework.

  • Submit a research statement concerning the proposed PhD topic and the scope of the PhD examination by the end of April in Year 1.

  • Pass a PhD examination in the general field in which research is being undertaken between June of Year 1 and no later than December of Year 2. The scope and areas of concentration of the exam are to be determined jointly by the supervisory committee and the student. There are two components of the PhD exam:

    • A written exam (options are an eight-hour closed room exam on campus in one day or over two days, or a five-day off-campus exam).

    • An oral exam to take place within one week of the written exam.

  • A student who fails the PhD examination may retake the exam once within six months. Failure of the second exam may result in a recommendation for termination from the program.

  • Acquire knowledge of a foreign language necessary for research upon the recommendation of the supervisory committee.

  • Submit a research proposal that is acceptable to the supervisory committee, normally by the end of June of Year 2 and no later than September of Year 3.

  • Unless otherwise specified, two years of residence are required whereby the student is required to be on campus full-time and consequently in such geographical proximity as to be able to participate fully in the University activities associated with the program.

  • Complete a thesis embodying the results of original investigation, conducted by the candidate, on the approved topic from a major area of study. The thesis shall constitute a significant contribution to the knowledge of the field and must be conducted while the student is registered in the PhD program.

  • PhD degree program details are fully described in the Graduate Geography Handbook and the department's website.

Program Length

4 years

Time Limit

6 years

 

PhD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • In exceptional cases and at the discretion of the department, admission to the PhD program by direct entry may be approved for applicants with an overall A average and appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university.

Program Requirements

  • Complete a minimum of 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) in coursework as follows:

    • 0.5 FCE core course GGR1110H Issues in Geographic Thought and Practice.

    • 1.0 FCE in geography courses or from a list of approved courses available from the department.

    • at least 0.5 FCE but no more than 1.5 FCE courses in other departments.

  • Submit a research statement concerning the proposed PhD topic and the scope of the PhD examination by the end of April in Year 1.

  • Pass a PhD examination in the general field in which research is being undertaken between June of Year 1 and no later than December of Year 2. The scope and areas of concentration of the exam are to be determined jointly by the supervisory committee and the student. There are two components of the PhD exam:

    • a written exam (options are an eight-hour closed room exam on campus in one day or over two days, or a five-day off-campus exam), and

    • an oral exam to take place within one week of the written exam.

  • A student who fails the PhD examination may retake the exam once within six months. Failure of the second exam may result in a recommendation for termination from the program.

  • Acquire knowledge of a foreign language necessary for the research upon the recommendation of the supervisory committee.

  • Submit a research proposal that is acceptable to the supervisory committee, normally by the end of June of Year 2 and no later than September of Year 3.

  • Unless otherwise specified, two years of residence are required whereby the student is required to be on campus full-time and consequently in such geographical proximity as to be able to participate fully in the University activities associated with the program.

  • Complete a thesis embodying the results of original investigation, conducted by the candidate, on the approved topic from a major area of study. The thesis shall constitute a significant contribution to the knowledge of the field and must be conducted while the student is registered in the PhD program.

  • See the Graduate Geography Handbook and visit the department's website.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

Geography and Planning: Geography MA, MSc, PhD Courses

The following graduate courses will be available on demand and subject to faculty resources. Not all courses are given every year, and some members of the graduate faculty are on research leave. Please consult the departmental graduate office. The 2000-level courses are normally open to PhD students only.

Core Courses

GGR1105H
Human Geography Core Course
GGR1110H Issues in Geographic Thought and Practice
GGR1200H
Physical Geography Core Course

Research Methods Courses

GGR1111H
Social Research Methods
JPG1120H Advanced Qualitative Research: Methodology and Epistemological Foundations for Planning and Geography
JPG1140H
Discourse Analysis Methodology
JPG1170H Statistical Testing and Analysis
GGR1218H Quantitative, Open-Source Methods in Physical Geography Research
JPG1400H Advanced Quantitative Methods

Individual Topics Courses

GGR1149H,Y
Readings in Selected Topics
GGR2149H,Y
Readings in Selected Topics
GGR2150H,Y
Advanced Seminar in Selected Topics
JPG2150H
Advanced Seminars in Selected Topics
GGR2151H Advanced Seminars in Selected Topics II
JPG2151H Advanced Seminars in Selected Topics II

Environmental and Resource Geography

GGR1404H
Global Warming (exclusion: GGR314H1)
GGR1406H
Energy Supply and Use (exclusion: GGR333H1)
GGR1407H
Efficient Use of Energy (exclusion: GGR347H1)
GGR1408H
Carbon-Free Energy (exclusions: GGR1406H, GGR348H1)
GGR1411H Nature and Justice in the Anthropocene
JGE1413H
Workshop in Environmental Impact Assessment
JPG1421H Health in Urban Environments
GGR1422H The Geography of Urban Air Pollution
JGE1425H
Livelihoods, Poverty, and Environment in the Developing Countries
JPG1426H
Natural Resources, Difference, and Conflict
JPG1427H
The (Re)Localization of Food Production: Debates and Controversies
JPG1428H Greening the City: Urban Environmental Planning and Management
JPG1429H
Political Ecology of Food and Agriculture
JFG1610H Sustainable Forest Management and Certification

Geographical Information Analysis

JPG1906H Geographic Information Systems
JPG1909H Advanced GIS Data Processing
GGR1911H Remote Sensing (exclusions: GGR337H1, GGR437H1, GGR1912H)
GGR1912H Advanced Remote Sensing (exclusions: GGR337H1, GGR437H1, GGR1911H)
JPG1914H Geographic Information Systems Research Project (exclusion: GGR462H1)
GGR1916H Remote Sensing of Vegetation Traits and Function (exclusion: GGR414H1S)
GGR1921H Land/Geographic Information Systems

Historical, Social, and Cultural Geography

JPG1503H
Space, Time, Revolution
JPG1506H
State/Space/Difference: Understanding the New Social Geography of the State
JPG1511H The Commons: Geography, Planning, Politics
JPG1520H
Contested Geographies of Class-Race Formations
JPG1672H
Land and Justice
GGR1705H
Historical Geographies of Modernity
JPG1706H
Violence and Security
GGR1714H
Geographies of Citizenship
JPG1804H
Space, Power, and Geography: Understanding Spatiality
JPG1805H
Transnationalism, Diaspora, and Gender
GGR1807H Geographies of Postcoloniality and Development: Exploring the ‘Infrastructure Turn’
JPG1809H Spaces of Work: Value, Identity, Agency, Justice
GGR1811H
Troubling Militarism: Space, Affect, Economy
JPG1812Y Planning for Change: Community Development in Practice
JPG1813H Planning and Social Policy
JPG1815H
Political Economy, the Body, and Health
GGR1816H Geographies of Secularism, Islam, and Gender
JPG1818H The Geography and Planning of Climate Action and Activism
GGR1821H China Development Seminar
GGR1822H Queer Geographies
JPG1825H Black Geographies of the Atlantic
JPG1830H Utopia/Dystopia
GGR1832H Geographies of Decolonization and Liberation
JPG1835H Anti-Colonial Planning: Theory and Practice

Physical Geography

GGR1202H Sedimentation and Fluvial Geomorphology (exclusion: GGR301H)
GGR1215H Advanced Watershed Hydroecology (exclusion: GGR413H1)
GGR1216H Advanced Biogeochemical Processes (exclusion: GGR406H1)
GGR1217H The Climate of the Arctic (exclusion: GGR484H1)
GGR1302H Advanced Hydrology and Water Quality (exclusion: GGR407H1)
GGR1315H The Cryosphere (exclusion: GGR317H1)

Urban and Economic Geography

JPG1502H Global Urbanism and Cities of the Global South
JPG1504H Institutionalism and Cities: Space, Governance, Property and Power
JPG1507H Housing Markets and Housing Policy Analysis
JPG1512H Place, Politics, and the Urban
JPG1516H Declining Cities
JPG1518H Sustainability and Urban Communities
JPG1554H Transportation and Urban Form
JPG1558H The History and Geography of Cycles and Cycling
JPG1605H The Post-Industrial City
JPG1607H Geography of Competition
JGE1609H Cities, Industry, and the Environment
GGR1610H Geography of Finance and Financial Crisis
JPG1615H Planning and the Social Economy
JPG1616H The Cultural Economy
JPG1617H Organization of Economies and Cities
JPG1621H Innovation and Governance
JPG1660H Regional Dynamics
JPG1670H Regional Economic Analysis
JPG1814H Cities and Immigrants
JPG1820H Disability and the City

Geography and Planning: Planning MScPl

Master of Science in Planning

Program Description

Students normally enrol for two years of full-time study, although part or all of the requirements of the program may be met by part-time study, with the approval of the Program Director.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university, with a minimum final-year standing in the social or life sciences, the humanities, or the professions, equivalent to at least a University of Toronto B+. Knowledge of introductory economics and statistics, as well as word processing and spreadsheet skills, is preferred prior to entry.

Program Requirements

  • The program consists of 8.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) plus the PLA4444Y internship, taken over two years, as follows:

    • 4.0 FCEs in core courses

    • 4.0 FCEs chosen from the list of electives and from the offerings of other departments, centres, and institutes. At least 2.5 FCEs of these electives must fit into an approved concentration in one of the following six fields:

      • Economic Planning and Policy

      • Environmental Planning

      • Social Planning and Policy

      • Transportation Planning and Infrastructure

      • Urban Design

      • Urban Planning and Development

    • PLA4444H Internship (0.0 FCE). Students are required to pursue a planning internship between Years 1 and 2 of the program. Part-time students who are currently employed in a planning environment may be exempted from this requirement; however, the Planning Director retains final discretion in the decision.

  • Progress into Year 2 of the program is normally dependent upon the achievement of an overall B average in the first year. Equivalent provisions apply to the part-time option.

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S);
12 sessions part-time

Time Limit

3 years full-time;
6 years part-time

Geography and Planning: Planning PhD

Doctor of Philosophy

Program Description

The PhD is primarily a research degree. A program of study is designed for each student to ensure competence in a field of research and to facilitate the preparation of a dissertation.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Geography and Planning's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate master's degree in planning or a related field, or its equivalent from a recognized university, with a minimum standing equivalent to at least a University of Toronto A– and demonstrated competence in analytical methods or successful completion of one of two methods courses in the current master's program.

Program Requirements

All PhD students must:

  • Take 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs), if they hold a master's degree in planning comparable to the U of T MSc in Planning, as follows:

    • 1.5 FCEs in core courses

    • 1.5 FCEs in electives (at least 0.5 elective FCE must be outside the Planning program).

Students who enter with a master's degree in a related field may be required to take up to an additional 1.0 FCE depending on their background and experience.

  • Submit a research statement concerning the proposed PhD topic and the scope of the PhD examination by the end of April in Year 1.

  • Pass a PhD examination in the general field in which research is being undertaken between June of Year 1 and no later than December of Year 2. The scope and areas of concentration of the exam are to be determined jointly by the supervisory committee and the student. There are two components of the PhD exam:

    • a written exam (options are an eight-hour closed room exam on campus in one day or over two days, or a five-day off-campus exam); and

    • an oral exam to take place within one week of the written exam.

A student who fails the PhD examination may retake the exam once within six months. A failure of the second exam may result in recommendation for termination of the student’s program.

  • Acquire knowledge of a foreign language necessary for their research upon the recommendation of their committee.

  • Submit a research proposal that is acceptable to their research committee, normally by the end of June of Year 2 and no later than September of Year 3.

  • Be in residence for two years, unless otherwise specified, during which the student is required to be on campus full-time and consequently in such geographical proximity as to be able to participate fully in the University activities associated with the program.

  • Complete a thesis embodying the results of original investigation, conducted by the candidate, on the approved topic from a major area of study. The thesis shall constitute a significant contribution to the knowledge of the field and must be conducted while the student is registered in the PhD program.

  • PhD degree program details are fully described in the Graduate Geography Handbook and the department's website.

Program Length

4 years full-time

Time Limit

6 years full-time

Geography and Planning: Planning MScPl, PhD Courses

All courses are not given every year; some faculty members may be on research leave. Please consult the departmental graduate office for details.

Core Courses for the MScPl

PLA1101H
Planning History, Thought, and Practice
PLA1102H
Planning Decision Methods I
PLA1103H
Legal Basis of Planning
PLA1105H
Planning Decision Methods II
PLA1106H
Workshop in Planning Practice
PLA1107Y
Current Issues Paper
PLA1520H
Project Management and Conflict Resolution for Planners

Core Courses for the PhD in Planning

GGR1111H
Social Research Methods
(or a methods course in a related department subject to the approval of the supervisor)
PLA2000H
Advanced Planning Theory
PLA2001H
Planning Colloquium (Credit/No Credit)

Elective Courses

JPG1120H
Advanced Qualitative Research: Methodology and Epistemological Foundations for Planning and Geography
JPG1140H
Discourse Analysis Methodology
JPG1170H Statistical Testing and Analysis
PLA1149H
Independent Study
JPG1400H
Advanced Quantitative Methods
JGE1413H
Workshop in Environmental Impact Assessment
JPG1416H
Environmental Consequences of Land Use Change
JPG1418H
Rural Land Use Planning
JGE1420H
Urban Waste Management: an International Perspective
JPG1426H
Natural Resources, Difference, and Conflict
JPG1427H
The (Re)Localization of Food Production: Debates and Controversies
JPG1428H
Greening the City: Urban Environmental Planning and Management
JPG1429H
Political Ecology of Food and Agriculture
JPG1502H
Global Urbanism and Cities of the Global South
JPG1503H
Space, Time, Revolution
JPG1504H
Institutionalism and Cities: Space, Governance, Property, and Power
JPG1506H
State/Space/Difference: Understanding the New Social Geography of the State
JPG1507H
Housing Markets and Housing Policy Analysis
PLA1510H
Special Topics in Planning
JPG1511H
The Commons: Geography, Planning, Politics
JPG1512H
Place, Politics, and the Urban
PLA1514H The Role of the Planner
JPG1516H
Declining Cities
PLA1516H
Special Topics in Planning II
PLA1517H
Special Topics in Planning III
JPG1518H
Sustainability and Urban Communities
PLA1518H
City Building — Practice and Experience in Toronto and Other World Cities
PLA1519H
Planning and Governance
JPG1520H Contested Geographies of Class-Race Formations
PLA1520H
Project Management and Conflict Resolution for Planners
PLA1525H Urban, Regional, and Community Economic Development
PLA1551H
Policy Analysis
PLA1552H
City Planning and Management
JPG1554H
Transportation and Urban Form
JPG1558H
The History and Geography of Cycles and Cycling
PLA1601H
Climate Change and Resilience: Planning and Policy
JPG1605H
The Post-Industrial City
JPG1607H
Geography of Competition
JPG1615H
Planning and the Social Economy
JPG1616H
The Cultural Economy
JPG1617H
Organization of Economies and Cities
JPG1621H Innovation and Governance
PLA1650H
Urban Design: History Theory Criticism
PLA1651H
Planning and Real Estate Development
PLA1652H
Introductory Studio in Urban Design and Planning
PLA1653H
Advanced Studio in Urban Design and Planning
PLA1654H
Urban Design Research Methods
PLA1655H
Urban Design and Development Controls
PLA1656H
Land Use Planning: Principles and Practice
JPG1660H
Regional Dynamics
JPG1670H
Regional Economic Analysis
JPG1672H
Land and Justice
PLA1702H
Pedestrians, Streets, and Public Space
PLA1703H
Transportation Planning and Infrastructure
JPG1706H
Violence and Security
PLA1801H
Urban Infrastructure Planning
JPG1804H
Space, Power, and Geography: Understanding Spatiality
JPG1805H
Transnationalism, Diaspora, and Gender
GGR1807H
Geographies of Postcoloniality and Development: Exploring the ‘Infrastructure Turn’
JPG1809H
Spaces of Work: Value, Identity, Agency, Justice
JPG1810H
Globalization and Postmodernism
JPG1812Y
Planning for Change: Community Development in Practice
JPG1813H
Planning and Social Policy
JPG1814H
Cities and Immigrants
JPG1818H The Geography and Planning of Climate Action and Activism
JPG1820H Disability and the City
JPG1825H Black Geographies of the Atlantic
JPG1830H Utopia/Dystopia
JPG1835H Anti-Colonial Planning: Theory and Practice
JPG1906H
Geographic Information Systems
JPG1909H
Advanced GIS Data Processing
JPG1914H
Geographic Information Systems Research Project (exclusion: GGR462H1)
JPG2150H
Advanced Seminars in Selected Topics
JPG2151H
Advanced Seminars in Selected Topics II
PLA4444H
Internship (Credit/No Credit)
(Designates the internship to be undertaken by master’s students in the Planning program. It cannot be used to fulfil other course requirements for the degree.)