Immunology

Immunology: Introduction

Faculty Affiliation

Medicine

Degree Programs

Immunology

MSc

  • Fields:
    • Applied Immunology;
    • Fundamental Immunology
 

PhD

  • Field:
    • Fundamental Immunology

Combined Degree Programs

MD / PhD

Collaborative Specializations

The following collaborative specializations are available to students in participating degree programs as listed below:

Overview

The Department of Immunology provides a common forum for investigators in many areas of the University of Toronto and an interdisciplinary research experience in immunology. Members and students in the department are located at the Medical Sciences Building; the Ontario Cancer Institute; and the research institutes of Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto Western Hospital, the Hospital for Sick Children, and Sunnybrook Hospital.

Contact and Address

Web: www.immunology.utoronto.ca
Email: graduate.immunology@utoronto.ca
Telephone: (416) 978-6382

Department of Immunology
University of Toronto
Medical Sciences Building
Room 7205, 1 King's College Circle
Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8
Canada

Immunology: Graduate Faculty

Full Members

Anderson, Michele - BS, PhD
Berger, Stuart - BSc, MSc, PhD
Berinstein, Neil - MD
Brooks, David - BS, PhD
Butler, Marcus - BA, MD
Coburn, Bryan - BSc, DrMed
Croitoru, Ken - MDCM
Crome, Sarah - PhD
Cybulsky, Myron - MD
Danska, Jayne - AB, PhD
de Perrot, Marc - MSc, MD
Ehrhardt, Goetz - MS, PhD
Eiwegger, Thomas - MD
Epelman, Slava - MD, DrMed
Fish, Eleanor - BSc, MPH, PhD
Gehring, Adam - BA, PhD
Girardin, Stephen - BSc, PhD
Gommerman, Jennifer - BSc, PhD
Gorczynski, Reginald - BSc, BA, MA, MD, PhD
Grunebaum, Eyal - MD
Guidos, Cynthia - BSc, PhD
Hirano, Naoto - MD, PhD
Iscove, Norman - MD, PhD
Jeschke, Marc - DrMed, PhD
Juvet, Stephen - DrMed, PhD
Kaul, Rupert - MD, PhD
MacParland, Sonya - BS, MS, PhD
Mak, Tak - BSc, MSc, PhD
Mallevaey, Thierry - MSc, PhD (Associate Chair, Graduate Studies)
Martin, Alberto - BSc, MSc, PhD
McGaha, Tracy Lynn - BSc, MS, PhD
Ohashi, Pam - BSc, PhD
Ostrowski, Mario - MD
Paige, Christopher - BSc, PhD
Philpott, Dana - BS, PhD
Piguet, Vincent - BM, DrMed, PhD
Ratcliffe, Michael - PhD
Roifman, Chaim - MD
Rottapel, Robert - BA, MD
Serghides, Lena - BSc, PhD
Siminovitch, Katherine - MD
Spaner, David - PhD
Treanor, Bebhinn Lucy - BSc, PhD
Tsui, Florence - BSc, MSc, PhD
Wall, Donna - MD
Watts, Tania - BSc, PhD
Winer, Daniel - BS, MD
Wither, Joan - MD, PhD
Yeung, Rae - DrMed, MD
Zhang, Li - MSc, MD, PhD
Zúñiga-Pflücker, Juan Carlos - BSc, PhD (Chair and Graduate Chair)

Members Emeriti

Julius, Michael - BSc, PhD
Letarte, Michelle - BSc, PhD
Levy, Gary - BSc, MD
Painter, Robert - BSc, PhD
Poussier, Philippe - MD
Shulman, Marc - AB, PhD
Wu, Gillian - BSc, MSc, PhD

Associate Members

Harding, Shane - PhD
Jongstra-Bilen, Jenny - BSc, MSc, PhD
Khan, Omar F. - PhD
Lee, Nana Hyung-Ran - PhD
Mortha, Arthur - MSc, PhD
Rojas, Olga Lucia - PhD
Saibil, Samuel - MD, PhD
Singh, Jastaran - BSc, PhD

Immunology: Immunology MSc Field: Applied Immunology

Master of Science

Program Description

The MSc program is offered in two fields:

  • The non-thesis Applied Immunology field provides advanced training in designing, implementing, and evaluating immunological techniques that measure immune responses.

  • The thesis-based Fundamental Immunology field provides advanced training in an area of specialization, with a particular emphasis on the acquisition of experience in the strategies and experimental methods of modern, original, scientific research.

Students in the Applied Immunology field (including the advanced-standing option) are not eligible to participate in collaborative specializations.

 

Field: Applied Immunology

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Immunology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate BSc, or its equivalent, normally with at least a B+ average and a strong background in molecular and cellular biology. Applicants lacking adequate training in immunology or biological or natural sciences may be advised to do extra coursework necessary for their research.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must demonstrate proficiency in English. See General Regulations section 4.3 for requirements. Applicants educated outside Canada are required to provide Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (general) scores with their application.

  • Before starting the program, applicants may be required to complete SCS 3128 (at the discretion of the Department of Immunology).

  • Please note that the Applied Immunology field is unable to accept international students at this time.

Program Requirements

  • Students must complete any courses conditional of acceptance.

  • Coursework. Students must successfully complete a total of 7.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • Year 1:

      • 2.0 FCEs: IMM1450Y, IMM1550Y

      • 1.0 FCE selected from IMM1428H, IMM1429H, IMM1430H, IMM1431H

      • 0.5 FCE: IMM1436H

    • Year 2:

      • 1.0 FCE: IMM1050H0, IMM1075H0

      • 1.0 FCE: IMM1650Y

      • 0.5 FCE: IMM1651H

      • 1.0 FCE selected from the elective course list below.

  • Students are required to participate full-time until the program requirements of research and coursework have been completed.

Required Courses

Course Code Course Title
IMM1050H0
Easton Seminar Series (I) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM1075H0 Special Topics in Immunology (I) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM1428H
Molecular Immunology
IMM1429H
Developmental Immunology
IMM1430H
Clinical Immunology
IMM1431H Immunotherapy
IMM1436H Techniques in Immunology
IMM1450Y
Major Research Project in Immunology (I)
IMM1550Y
Major Research Project in Immunology (II)
IMM1650Y
Major Research Project in Immunology (III)
IMM1651H Applied Research in Immunology (Credit/No Credit)

0 Course that may continue over a program. Credit is given when the course is completed.

Elective Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Please consult the department for details. With the permission of the Associate Chair, Graduate Studies, students may also take graduate courses which are not found in the list below, in a subject relevant to their research project.

Course Code Course Title
BTC1860H
Generations of Advanced Medicine: Biologics in Therapy (GAMBiT)
CSB1018H Advanced Microscopy and Imaging
CSB1472H Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
IMM1435H Practical Immunology
JBZ1472H
Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
JDB1025H
Developmental Biology
JTB2010H Proteomics and Functional Genomics
JTB2020H
Applied Bioinformatics
MSC1090H Introduction to Computational BioStatistics with R
MSC7000Y Regenerative Medicine
PSL1014H
Advanced Topics: The Gastrointestinal Epithelium

0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when completed.

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: (F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

 

Field: Applied Immunology (Advanced-Standing Option)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants with an Immunology specialist or major undergraduate degree from the University of Toronto, may be eligible for advanced standing.

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Immunology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate BSc from the University of Toronto (including those with an Immunology specialist or major undergraduate degree), normally with at least a B+ average and a strong background in molecular and cellular biology. Applicants lacking adequate training in immunology or biological or natural sciences may be advised to do extra coursework necessary for their research.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must demonstrate proficiency in English. See General Regulations section 4.3 for requirements. Applicants educated outside Canada are required to provide Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (general) scores with their application.

  • Applicants must have completed the following University of Toronto undergraduate course or its equivalent: IMM450H1.

  • Applicants must have completed the following University of Toronto undergraduate courses: two of IMM428H1, IMM429H1, IMM430H1, IMM431H1, MIJ485H1.

  • Applicants must already have a graduate research supervisor who is a graduate faculty member in the Department of Immunology.

  • Please note that the Applied Immunology field (advanced-standing option) is unable to accept international students at this time.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Successful completion of 5.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • 1.0 FCE: IMM1550Y, completed in the first Summer session

    • 1.0 FCE: IMM1650Y

    • 2.0 FCEs: IMM1050H0, IMM1075H0, IMM1436H, IMM1651H

    • 1.0 FCE selected from the elective course list below.

Required Courses

Course Code Course Title
IMM1050H0
Easton Seminar Series (I) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM1075H0 Special Topics in Immunology (I) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM1436H Techniques in Immunology
IMM1550Y
Major Research Project in Immunology (II)
IMM1650Y
Major Research Project in Immunology (III)
IMM1651H Applied Research in Immunology (Credit/No Credit)

0 Course that may continue over a program. Credit is given when course is completed.

Elective Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Please consult the department for details. With the permission of the Associate Chair, Graduate Studies, students may also take graduate courses which are not found in the list below, in a subject relevant to their research project.

Course Code Course Title
BTC1860H
Generations of Advanced Medicine: Biologics in Therapy (GAMBiT)
CSB1018H Advanced Microscopy and Imaging
CSB1472H Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
IMM1435H Practical Immunology
JBZ1472H
Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
JDB1025H
Developmental Biology
JTB2010H Proteomics and Functional Genomics
JTB2020H
Applied Bioinformatics
MSC1090H Introduction to Computational BioStatistics with R
MSC7000Y Regenerative Medicine
PSL1014H
Advanced Topics: The Gastrointestinal Epithelium

Program Length

4 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

Immunology: Immunology MSc Field: Fundamental Immunology

Master of Science

Program Description

The MSc program is offered in two fields:

  • The non-thesis Applied Immunology field provides advanced training in designing, implementing, and evaluating immunological techniques that measure immune responses.

  • The thesis-based Fundamental Immunology field provides advanced training in an area of specialization, with a particular emphasis on the acquisition of experience in the strategies and experimental methods of modern, original, scientific research.

 

Field: Fundamental Immunology

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Immunology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate BSc, or its equivalent, normally with at least a B+ average and a strong background in molecular and cellular biology. Applicants lacking adequate training in biological or natural sciences may be advised to do extra coursework necessary for their research.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must demonstrate proficiency in English. See General Regulations section 4.3 for requirements. Applicants educated outside Canada are required to provide Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (general) scores with their application.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Successful completion of 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs):

    • IMM1000Y Recent Advances in Immunology (1.0 FCE)

    • IMM1200H+ Scientific Skills for Immunologists (0.5 FCE)

    • IMM1025H0 Student Seminar Series (I) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • IMM1050H0 Easton Seminar Series (I) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • IMM1075H0 Special Topics in Immunology (I) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE).

  • A satisfactory thesis embodying the student’s research.

  • Upon of completion of the thesis, pass an oral examination.

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

Required Courses

Course Code Course Title
IMM1000Y Recent Advances in Immunology
IMM1025H0 Student Seminar Series (I) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM1050H0 Easton Seminar Series (I) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM1075H0 Special Topics in Immunology (I) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM1200H+ Scientific Skills for Immunologists

0 Course that may continue over a program. Credit is given when course is completed.

+ Extended course. For academic reasons, coursework is extended into session following academic session in which course is offered.

Elective Courses

Course Code Course Title
BTC1860H Generations of Advanced Medicine: Biologics in Therapy (GAMBiT)
CSB1018H Advanced Microscopy and Imaging
CSB1472H Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
IMM1436H Techniques in Immunology
IMM2200H+ Graduate Professional Development (GPD) 2.0
JBZ1472H Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
JDB1025H Developmental Biology
JTB2010H Proteomics and Functional Genomics
JTB2020H Applied Bioinformatics
MSC1090H Introduction to Computational BioStatistics with R
MSC7000Y Regenerative Medicine
PSL1014H Advanced Topics: The Gastrointestinal Epithelium

+ Extended course. For academic reasons, coursework is extended into session following academic session in which course is offered.

0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when completed.

Immunology: Immunology PhD

Doctor of Philosophy

Program Description

The PhD degree is an advanced research degree intended to reflect a level of training consistent with the ability of the candidate to function as an independent research scientist.

Applicants may enter the PhD program via one of three routes: 1) following completion of an MSc degree; 2) transfer from the MSc in Immunology program, Fundamental Immunology field; or 3) direct entry following completion of a BSc degree.

Field: Fundamental Immunology

PhD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Immunology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must demonstrate proficiency in English. See General Regulations section 4.3 for requirements. Applicants educated outside Canada are required to provide Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (general) scores with their application.

  • Applicants who have completed an MSc degree must have at least a B+ average in that degree.

  • Applicants may be accepted for direct entry with a BSc degree, with at least an A– average in the final two years.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Students must successfully complete a total of 4.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • IMM1000Y Recent Advances in Immunology (1.0 FCE)

    • IMM1200H+ Scientific Skills for Immunologists (0.5 FCE); in the event the student has taken this course to complete the MSc in Immunology, Fundamental Immunology field, a substitute course will be taken with approval of the Graduate Coordinator

    • IMM2000H PhD Proposal in Immunology (0.5 FCE)

    • IMM2025H0 Student Seminar Series (II) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • IMM2050H0 Easton Seminar Series (II) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • IMM2075H0 Special Topics in Immunology (II) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • 1.0 elective FCE at the graduate level from either Immunology or outside the department as relevant to their thesis topic (examples are provided in the elective course list).

  • Students must complete a qualifying exam (DEX5555Y, Credit/No Credit; 0.0 FCE) within 24 months of starting the PhD program, Fundamental Immunology field.

  • Candidates must submit a thesis and defend it at a Doctoral Final Oral Examination conducted by the School of Graduate Studies.

  • Students are required to participate full-time until the program requirements of research and coursework have been completed.

Required Courses
Course Code Course Title
IMM1000Y
Recent Advances in Immunology
IMM1200H+ Scientific Skills for Immunologists
IMM2000H PhD Proposal in Immunology
IMM2025H0
Student Seminar Series (II) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM2050H0
Easton Seminar Series (II) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM2075H0
Special Topics in Immunology (II) (Credit/No Credit)
DEX5555Y Departmental Examination
(Credit/No Credit; prerequisite: IMM1000Y)

+ Extended course. For academic reasons, coursework is extended into session following academic session in which course is offered.

0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded or credit is given when completed.

Elective Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Please consult the department for details. With the permission of the Associate Chair, Graduate Studies, students may also take graduate courses which are not found in the list below, in a subject relevant to their research project.

Course Code Course Title
BTC1860H
Generations of Advanced Medicine: Biologics in Therapy (GAMBiT)
CSB1018H
Advanced Microscopy and Imaging
CSB1472H
Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
IMM1436H
Techniques in Immunology
IMM2400H Translational Immunology
JBZ1472H
Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
JDB1025H
Developmental Biology
JTB2010H
Proteomics and Functional Genomics
JTB2020H
Applied Bioinformatics
MSC1090H
Introduction to Computational BioStatistics with R
MSC7000Y
Regenerative Medicine
PSL1014H
Advanced Topics: The Gastrointestinal Epithelium

Program Length

4 years

Time Limit

6 years

 

PhD Program (Transfer)

Transfer Requirements

  • Transfer applicants must be enrolled in the MSc Immunology program, Fundamental Immunology field.

  • Applicants must pass a reclassification (transfer) exam (DEX5555Y, Credit/No Credit; 0.0 FCE) within 24 months of initial registration in the MSc Immunology program, Fundamental Immunology field.

  • Successful completion of IMM1200H+ and IMM1000Y with at least a B+ overall average, prior to taking the reclassification exam (DEX5555Y).

  • Completion of, or concurrent registration in, IMM1025H0, IMM1050H0, and IMM1075H0.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Students must successfully complete a total of 6.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • IMM1000Y Recent Advances in Immunology (1.0 FCE)

    • IMM1200H+ Scientific Skills for Immunologists (0.5 FCE)

    • IMM1025H0 Student Seminar Series (I) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • IMM1050H0 Easton Seminar Series (I) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • IMM1075H0 Special Topics in Immunology I (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • IMM2000H PhD Proposal in Immunology (0.5 FCE)

    • IMM2025H0 Student Seminar Series (II) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • IMM2050H0 Easton Seminar Series (II) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • IMM2075H0 Special Topics in Immunology (II) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • 1.0 elective FCE at the graduate level from either Immunology or outside the department as relevant to their thesis topic (examples are provided in the elective course list).

  • Students must successfully complete the reclassification transfer exam (DEX5555Y, Credit/No Credit; 0.0 FCE) within 24 months of starting the MSc Immunology program, Fundamental Immunology field.

  • Candidates must submit a thesis and defend it at a Doctoral Final Oral Examination conducted by the School of Graduate Studies.

  • Students are required to participate full-time until the program requirements of research and coursework have been completed.

Required Courses
Course Code Course Title
IMM1000Y Recent Advances in Immunology
IMM1200H+ Scientific Skills for Immunologists
IMM1025H0 Student Seminar Series (I) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM1050H0 Easton Seminar Series (I) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM1075H0 Special Topics in Immunology (I) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM2000H PhD Proposal in Immunology
IMM2025H0 Student Seminar Series (II) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM2050H0 Easton Seminar Series (II) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM2075H0 Special Topics in Immunology (II) (Credit/No Credit)
DEX5555Y Departmental Examination
(Credit/No Credit; prerequisite: IMM1000Y)

+ Extended course. For academic reasons, coursework is extended into session following academic session in which course is offered.

0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded or credit is given when completed.

Elective Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Please consult the department for details. With the permission of the Associate Chair, Graduate Studies, students may also take graduate courses which are not found in the list below, in a subject relevant to their research project.

Course Code Course Title
BTC1860H
Generation of Advanced Medicine: Biologics in Therapy (GAMBiT)
CSB1018H
Advanced Microscopy and Imaging
CSB1472H
Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
IMM2400H Translational Immunology
JBZ1472H
Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
JDB1025H
Developmental Biology
JTB2010H
Proteomics and Functional Genomics
JTB2020H
Applied Bioinformatics
MSC1090H
Introduction to Computational BioStatistics with R
MSC7000Y
Regenerative Medicine
PSL1014H
Advanced Topics: The Gastrointestinal Epithelium

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

 

PhD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Direct entry is available for highly qualified BSc graduates who completed the undergraduate Immunology specialist program or an appropriate undergraduate program in the life sciences from a recognized university, with a minimum A– average in the final two years and relevant research experience.

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Immunology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must demonstrate proficiency in English. See General Regulations section 4.3 for requirements. Applicants educated outside Canada are required to provide Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (general) scores with their application.

  • Applicants are selected by the departmental admissions committee on the basis of academic and research excellence. Admission to the program is finalized when a graduate faculty member agrees to supervise the student's research and guarantees a full stipend for the student.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Students must successfully complete a total of 6.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • IMM1000Y Recent Advances in Immunology (1.0 FCE)

    • IMM1200H+ Scientific Skills for Immunologists (0.5 FCE)

    • IMM1025H0 Student Seminar Series (I) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • IMM1050H0 Easton Seminar Series (I) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • IMM1075H0 Special Topics in Immunology I (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • IMM2025H0 Student Seminar Series (II) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • IMM2000H PhD Proposal in Immunology (0.5 FCE)

    • IMM2050H0 Easton Seminar Series (II) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • IMM2075H0 Special Topics in Immunology (II) (Credit/No Credit; 0.5 FCE)

    • 1.0 elective FCE at the graduate level from either Immunology or outside the department as relevant to their thesis topic (examples are provided in the elective course list).

  • Students must complete a qualifying exam (DEX5555Y, Credit/No Credit; 0.0 FCE) within 24 months of starting the PhD program, Fundamental Immunology field.

  • Candidates must submit a thesis and defend it at a Doctoral Final Oral Examination conducted by the School of Graduate Studies.

  • Students are required to participate full-time until the program requirements of research and coursework have been completed.

Required Courses
Course Code Course Title
IMM1000Y Recent Advances in Immunology
IMM1200H+ Scientific Skills for Immunologists
IMM1025H0 Student Seminar Series (I) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM1050H0 Easton Seminar Series (I) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM1075H0 Special Topics in Immunology (I) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM2000H PhD Proposal in Immunology
IMM2025H0 Student Seminar Series (II) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM2050H0 Easton Seminar Series (II) (Credit/No Credit)
IMM2075H0 Special Topics in Immunology (II) (Credit/No Credit)
DEX5555Y Departmental Examination
(Credit/No Credit; prerequisite: IMM1000Y)

+ Extended course. For academic reasons, coursework is extended into session following academic session in which course is offered.

0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded or credit is given when completed.

Elective Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Please consult the department for details. With the permission of the Associate Chair, Graduate Studies, students may also take graduate courses which are not found in the list below, in a subject relevant to their research project.

Course Code Course Title
BTC1860H Generation of Advanced Medicine: Biologics in Therapy (GAMBiT)
CSB1018H Advanced Microscopy and Imaging
CSB1472H Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
IMM1436H Techniques in Immunology
IMM2200H Graduate Professional Development (GPD) 2.0
JBZ1472H Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
JDB1025H Developmental Biology
JTB2010H Proteomics and Functional Genomics
JTB2020H Applied Bioinformatics
MSC1090H Introduction to Computational BioStatistics with R
MSC7000Y Regenerative Medicine
PSL1014H Advanced Topics: The Gastrointestinal Epithelium

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years