Immunology

Immunology: Introduction

​​​​​Faculty Affiliation

Medicine

Degree Programs

Immunology

MSc​​​
Fields:​​
Applied Immunology
Fundamental Immunology
​PhD
​​Field:
Fundamental Immunology​

Combined Degree Programs

Collaborative Specializations

The following collaborative specializations are available to students in participating degree ​programs as listed below:

  1. Developmental Biology
    • Immunology, MSc, PhD
  2. Human Development
    • Immunology, PhD
  3. Resuscitation Sciences
    • Immunology, MSc, PhD
  4. Women's Health
    • Immunology, MSc, PhD

Overview

The Department of Immunology provides a common forum for investigators in many areas of the University of Toronto and an interdisciplinary research experience in immunology. Members and students in the department are located at the Medical Sciences Building; the Ontario Cancer Institute; and the research institutes of Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto Western Hospital, the Hospital for Sick Children, and Sunnybrook Hospital.

Contact and Address

Web: www.immunology.utoronto.ca
Email: graduate.immunology@utoronto.ca
Telephone: (416) 978-6382
Fax: (416) 978-1938

Department of Immunology
University of Toronto
Medical Sciences Building
Room 7205, 1 King's College Circle
Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8
Canada

Immunology: Graduate Faculty

Full Members

Anderson, Michele - BS, PhD
Berger, Stuart - BSc, MSc, PhD
Berinstein, Neil - MD
Brooks, David - BS, PhD
Butler, Marcus - BA, MD
Carlyle, James - BSc, PhD
Croitoru, Ken - MDCM
Cybulsky, Myron - MD
Danska, Jayne - AB, PhD
Dosch, Hans - MD
Dunn, Shannon - BSc, MSc, PhD
Ehrhardt, Rudolf - MS, PhD
Eiwegger, Thomas - MD
Fish, Eleanor - BSc, MPH, PhD
Gehring, Adam - BA, PhD
Girardin, Stephen - BSc, PhD
Gommerman, Jennifer - BSc, PhD (Associate Chair, Graduate Studies)
Gorczynski, Reginald - BSc, BA, MA, MD, PhD
Guidos, Cynthia - BSc, PhD
Hirano, Naoto - MD, PhD
Inman, Robert - BA, MD
Iscove, Norman - MD, PhD
Jeschke, Marc - DrMed, PhD
Julius, Michael - BSc, PhD
Kaul, Rupert - MD, PhD
Kelvin, David - MASc, PhD
Levy, Gary - BSc, MD
MacDonald, Kelly - MD
Mak, Tak - BSc, MSc, PhD
Mallevaey, Thierry - MSc, PhD
Martin, Alberto - BSc, MSc, PhD
McGaha, Tracy Lynn - BSc, MS, PhD
Ohashi, Pam - BSc, PhD
Ostrowski, Mario - MD
Paige, Christopher - BSc, PhD
Philpott, Dana - BS, PhD (Acting Chair)
Poussier, Philippe - MD
Rast, Jonathan - MS, PhD
Ratcliffe, Michael - PhD
Roifman, Chaim - MD
Rottapel, Robert - BA, MD
Siminovitch, Katherine - MD
Spaner, David - PhD
Treanor, Bebhinn - BSc, PhD
Tsui, Florence - BSc, MSc, PhD
Watts, Tania - BSc, PhD
Williams, David - BSc, MSc, PhD
Wither, Joan - MD, PhD
Woo, Minna Nancy - MD
Yeung, Rae - DrMed, MD
Zhang, Li - MSc, MD, PhD
Zuniga-Pflucker, Juan Carlos - BSc, PhD (Chair and Graduate Chair)

Members Emeriti

Hay, John - BSc, MSc, PhD
Isenman, David - BSc, BSc, PhD
Letarte, Michelle - BSc, PhD
Shulman, Marc - AB, PhD
Wu, Gillian - BSc, MSc, PhD

Associate Members

Braunstein, Marsela - BSc, MSc, PhD
Epelman, Slava - MD, DrMed
Grunebaum, Eyal - MD
Jongstra-Bilen, Jenny - BSc, MSc, PhD
Juvet, Stephen - DrMed, PhD
Keystone, Edward - BSc, MD
MacParland, Sonya - BS, MS, PhD
Martinu, Tereza - MD
Mortha, Arthur - MSc, PhD
Penninger, Josef - MD
Robbins, Clinton Shane - BS, PhD
Serghides, Lena - BSc, PhD
Winer, Daniel - BS, MD

Immunology: Immunology MSc

Master of Science​

Program Description

The MSc program is offered in two fields. Applied Immunology provides advanced training in designing, implementing, and evaluating immunological techniques that measure immune responses. Fundamental Immunology provides advanced training in an area of specialization, with a particular emphasis on the acquisition of experience in the strategies and experimental methods of modern, original, scientific research.

Students in the Applied Immunology field (including the advanced-standing option) are not eligible to participate in collaborative specializations.

 

Field: Applied Immunology

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Immunology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate BSc, or its equivalent, normally with at least a B+ average and a strong background in molecular and cellular biology. Applicants lacking adequate training in biological or natural sciences may be advised to do extra coursework necessary for their research.​

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must demonstrate proficiency in English. See General Regulations section 4.3 for requirements. Applicants educated outside Canada are required to provide Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (general) scores with their application.

  • Before starting the program, applicants may be required to complete SCS 3128H (at the discretion of the Department of Immunology).​

Program Requirements

  • ​​Coursework. Successful completion of 7.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • ​​​Year 1:

      • ​​​​2.5 FCEs: ​IMM 1435H, IMM 1450Y, IMM 1550Y

      • ​​1.0 FCE selected from IMM 1428H, IMM 1429H, or IMM 1430H

      • 0.5 FCE: IMM 2041H

    • ​​​​Year 2:

      • 1.0 FCE: IMM 2021H0, IMM 1100H0

      • 1.0 FCE​: IMM 2550Y (completed over three sessions)

      • 0.5 FCE: IMM 2551H 

      • ​1.0 FCE selected from the elective course list below.

  • Residence. Students are required to be on campus and participating full-time until the program requirements of research and coursework have been completed.​

​Required Course List​

IMM 1100H0
Easton Immunology Seminar Series​
IMM 1428H
Molecular Immunology
​​IMM 1429H
​Developmental Immunology
​IMM 1430H
The Immune Response
IMM 1435H
Practical Immunology
​IMM 1450Y
Major Research Project in Immunology (I)
​IMM 1550Y
Major Research Project in Immunology (II)
IMM 2021H0
​Special Topics in Immunology I
​IMM 2041H Techniques in Histology for Studying Immune Organs and Inflamed Tissues​
​IMM 2550Y
​Major Research Project in Immunology (III)
IMM 2551H Applied Research in Immunology

0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when com​pleted.

Elective Course List

Not all courses are offered every year. Please consult the department for details. With the perm​ission of the Associate Chair, Graduate Studies, students may also take graduate courses which are not found in the list below, in a subject relevant to their research project.

​B​TC 1850H
​Creating Life Science Products​
​B​TC 1860H
Generation o​f Advanced Medicine: Biologics in Therapy (GAMBiT)​​​​
CSB 1472H Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
​IMM 2888H
​Immunology of Pandemic Disease
​JBZ 1472H
​Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
​JDB 1025H
Developmental Biology​
​JFK 1120H
Selected Topics in Drug Development I​​​
​JFK 1121H
Selected Topics in Drug Development II​​​
JTB 2010H Proteomics and Functional Genomics
​​JTB 2020H
​Applied Bioinformatics
​LMP 1006H
​Cellular Imaging in Pathobiology
​LMP 1019H
​Research Techniques in Molecular Biology and Pathobiology
​LMP 1020H
Inflammation, Immunity, and Immunopathology of Atherosclerosis​​
​LMP 1407H​
​Introductory Biostatistics and Clinical Investigation
​MMG 1012H
​Topics in Molecular Genetics I​
MSC 7000Y Regenerative Medicine
PHM 1122H Fundamentals of Drug Discovery
​PSL 1014H
​Advanced Topics: the ​Gastrointestinal Epithelium

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: (F/W/S/F/W/S)​

Time Limit

3 years full-time

 

Field: Applied Immunology (Advanced-Standing Option)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants with an Immunology specialist or major undergraduate degree from the University of Toronto may be eligible for advanced standing.

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Immunology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate BSc, or its equivalent, normally with at least a B+ average and a strong background in molecular and cellular biology. Applicants lacking adequate training in biological or natural sciences may be advised to do extra coursework necessary for their research.​

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must demonstrate proficiency in English. See General Regulations section 4.3 for requirements. Applicants educated outside Canada are required to provide Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (general) scores with their application.

  • Applicants must have completed the following University of Toronto undergraduate courses: IMM 435H, IMM 450Y, and two of IMM 428H, IMM 429H, or IMM 430H.

  • ​​​Applicants must already have a research supervisor who is a graduate faculty member in the Department of Immunology.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. ​​Successful completion of 5.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • ​​​​​​​​​1.0 FCE: IMM 1550Y, completed in the first Summer session

    • 1.0 FCE: IMM 2550Y, completed over the last three sessions

    • 2.0 FCEs: IMM 1100H0, IMM 2021H0, IMM 2041H, IMM 2551H

    • 1.0 FCE selected from the elective course list below.

Required Courses

​IMM 1​100H0
Easton Immunology Seminar Series​
​IMM 1550Y
Major Research Project in Immunology (II)​
​IMM 2021H0
​Special Topics in Immunology I
IMM 2041H Techniques in Histology for Studying Immune Organs and Inflamed Tissues
​IMM 2550Y
​​Major Research Project in Immunology (III)
IMM 2551H Applied Research in Immunology

0 Course that may continue over a program. Credit is given when course is completed.

Elective Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Please consult the department for details. With the permission of the Associate Chair, Graduate Studies, students may also take graduate courses which are not found in the list below, in a subject relevant to their research project.

B​TC 1850H
​​Creating Life Science Products​
​BTC 1860H​
​Generation o​f ​Advanced Medicine: Biologics in Therapy (GAMBiT)​​
CSB 1472H Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
​IMM 2888H
Immunology of Pandemic Disease​​
​JBZ 1472H
Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics​
​JDB 1025H
​Developmental Biology​
​​JFK 1120H
​Selected Topics in Drug Development I​​
​JFK 1121H
​Selected Topics in Drug Development II
JTB 2010H Proteomics and Functional Genomics
​​JTB 2020H
Applied Bioinformatics​​
LMP 1006H
​Cellular Imaging in Pathobiology​​
​LMP 1019H
​Research Techniques in Molecular Biology and Pathobiology
​LMP 1020H
​Inflammation, Immunity, and Immunopathology of Atherosclerosis​
​LMP 1407H
​Introductory Biostatistics and Clinical Investigation​​
​MMG 1012H
​Topics in Molecular Genetics I​
MSC 7000Y Regenerative Medicine
PHM 1122H Fundamentals of Drug Discovery
​PSL 1014H
​​Advanced Topics: the Gastrointestinal Epithelium​​​

Program Length

4 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

 

Field: Fundamental Immunology

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Immunology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • An appropriate BSc, or its equivalent, normally with at least a B+ average and a strong background in molecular and cellular biology. Applicants lacking adequate training in biological or natural sciences may be advised to do extra coursework necessary for their research.​

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must demonstrate proficiency in English. See General Regulations section 4.3 for requirements. Applicants educated outside Canada are required to provide Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (general) scores with their application.​

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Successful completion of 2.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs): IMM 1100H0, IMM 1​​016Y, IMM 1019H0, and IMM 2021H0.

  • A satisfactory thesis embodying the student’s research.

  • Upon of completion of the thesis, pass an oral examination. ​

​​0 Course that may continue over a program. Credit is given when course is completed.

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

Immunology: Immunology PhD

Doctor of Philosophy

Program Description

The PhD degree is an advanced research degree intended to reflect a level of training consistent with the ability of the candidate to function as an independent research scientist.

Applicants may enter the PhD program via one of three routes: 1) following completion of an MSc degree; 2) transfer from the Department of Immunology's MSc in Fundamental Immunology program; or 3) direct entry following completion of a BSc degree. 

 

​Field: Fundamental Immunology

PhD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Department of Immunology's additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must demonstrate proficiency in English. See General Regulations section 4.3 for requirements. Applicants educated outside Canada are required to provide Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (general) scores with their application.

  • Applicants who have completed an MSc degree must have at least a B+ average.

  • Applicants may be accepted for direct entry with a BSc degree, with at least an A- average in the final two years.

Program Requirements

  • The PhD program emphasizes research. In addition, students must complete coursework worth 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • 1.0 FCE: IMM 1016Y

    • 1.5 FCEs: IMM 1019H0, IMM 1100H0, and IMM 2100H0

    • 0.5 FCE: a graduate course from either Immunology or outside the department in a subject relevant to the thesis topic (see details below).

  • Students must complete a qualifying exam within 16 months of starting the PhD program.

  • Candidates must submit a thesis and defend it at a Doctoral Final Oral Examination conducted by the School of Graduate Studies.

  • Residence. Students are required to be on campus and participating full-time until the program requirements of re​​search and coursework have been completed.

0 Course that may continue over a program. Credit is given when course is completed.

Required Courses
​IMM 1016Y​
​Recent Advances in Immunology​
IMM 1019H0
Immu​nology Student Seminar Series​
​IMM 1​100H0
Easton Immunology Seminar Series​
​IMM 2100H0
​​Special Topics in Immunology II​
Elective Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Please consult the department for details. With the permission of the Associate Chair, Graduate Studies, students may also take graduate courses which are not found in the list below, in a subject relevant to their research project.

​B​TC 1850​H​
Creating Life Science Products
BTC 1860H​​
Generation o​f ​Advanced Medicine: Biologics in Therapy (GAMBiT)​​
​IMM 2041H
Techniques in Histology for Studying Immune Organs and Inflamed Tissues
​IMM 2888H
​Immunology of Pandemic Disease
​JBZ 1472H
Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
​JDB 1025H
Developmental Biology​
​JFK 1​120H
Selected Topics in Drug Development I
​JFK 1​121H
​​Selected Topics in Drug Development II
JTB 2010H Proteomics and Functional Genomics
​​JTB 2020H
​Applied Bioinformatics​
​LMP 1006H
​Cellular Imaging in Pathobiology
​LMP 1019H
​Research Techniques in Molecular Biology and Pathobiology​
​LMP 1020H
​Inflammation, Immunity, and Immunopathology of Atherosclerosis​
​LMP 1407H
​Introductory Biostatistics and Clinical Investigation
​MMG 1012H
​Topics in Molecular Genetics
MSC 7000Y  Regenerative Medicine
PHM 1122H Fundamentals of Drug Discovery
​PSL 1014H
​Gastrointestinal Epithelium​

​0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when completed.

Program Length

4 years full-time; 5 years direct-entry

Time Limit

6 years full-time; 7 years direct-entry

 

PhD Program (Transfer)

Transfer Requirements

  • Applicants must pass a reclassification (transfer) exam which takes place within 16 months of the start of their MSc studies.

Program Requirements

  • The PhD program emphasizes research. In addition, students must complete coursework worth 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • 1.0 FCE: IMM 1016Y

    • 1.5 FCEs: IMM 1019H0, IMM 1100H0, and IMM 2100H0

    • 0.5 FCE: a graduate course from either Immunology or outside the department in a subject relevant to the thesis topic (see details below).

  • Candidates must submit a thesis and defend it at a Doctoral Final Oral Examination conducted by the School of Graduate Studies.

  • Residence. Students are required to be on campus and participating full-time until the program requirements of re​​search and coursework have been completed.

0 Course that may continue over a program. Credit is given when course is completed.

Required Courses
​IMM 1016Y​ ​Recent Advances in Immunology​
IMM 1019H0 Immu​nology Student Seminar Series​
​IMM 1​100H0 Easton Immunology Seminar Series​
​IMM 2100H0 ​​Special Topics in Immunology II​
Elective Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Please consult the department for details. With the permission of the Associate Chair, Graduate Studies, students may also take graduate courses which are not found in the list below, in a subject relevant to their research project.

​B​TC 1850​H​ Creating Life Science Products
BTC 1860H​​ Generation o​f ​Advanced Medicine: Biologics in Therapy (GAMBiT)​​
​IMM 2041H Techniques in Histology for Studying Immune Organs and Inflamed Tissues
​IMM 2888H ​Immunology of Pandemic Disease
​JBZ 1472H Computational Genomics and Bioinformatics
​JDB 1025H Developmental Biology​
​JFK 1​120H Selected Topics in Drug Development I
​JFK 1​121H ​​Selected Topics in Drug Development II
JTB 2010H Proteomics and Functional Genomics
​​JTB 2020H ​Applied Bioinformatics​
​LMP 1006H ​Cellular Imaging in Pathobiology
​LMP 1019H ​Research Techniques in Molecular Biology and Pathobiology​
​LMP 1020H ​Inflammation, Immunity, and Immunopathology of Atherosclerosis​
​LMP 1407H ​Introductory Biostatistics and Clinical Investigation
​MMG 1012H ​Topics in Molecular Genetics
MSC 7000Y  Regenerative Medicine
PHM 1122H Fundamentals of Drug Discovery
​PSL 1014H ​Gastrointestinal Epithelium​

​0 Course that may continue over a program. The course is graded when completed.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years