Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical Engineering: Introduction

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Faculty Affiliation

Applied Science and Engineering

Degree Programs

Biomedical Engineering

​​​MA​Sc
Fields:​
Neural/Sensory Systems and Rehabilitation;
Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine;
Nanotechnology, Molecular Imaging and Systems Biology;
Engineering in a Clinical Setting
MEng
Emphases:
​Engineering and Globalization;
​​Entrepreneurship, Leadership, Innovation and Technology (ELITE)​;
Forensic Engineering
 
Fields:
​Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine;
​​Engineering in a Clinical Setting;
​​Nanotechnology, Molecular Imaging and Systems Biology;
​​Neural/Sensory Systems Rehabilitation
PhD
​Fields:​
Neural/Sensory Systems and Rehabilitation;
Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine;
Nanotechnology, Molecular Imaging and Systems Biology;
Engineering in a Clinical Setting;
Clinical Engineering

Clinical Engineering

MHSc

Collaborative Specializations

The following collaborative specializations are available to students in participating ​degree programs as listed below:

  1. Cardiovascular Sciences
    • Biomedical Engineering, MASc, PhD
    • ​Clinical Engineering, MHSc
  2. Developmental Biology
    • Biomedical Engineering, MASc, PhD
    • ​Clinical Engineering, MHSc​
  3. Genome Biology and Bioinformatics
    • Biomedical Engineering, PhD
  4. Health Care, Technology, and Place (admissions have closed)​
    • Biomedical Engineering, PhD
  5. Human Development (admissions have been suspended)​
    • Biomedical Engineering, PhD
  6. Musculoskeletal Sciences
    • Biomedical Engineering, MASc, PhD
  7. Neuroscience
    • Biomedical Engineering, MASc, PhD
    • Clinical Engineering, MHSc
  8. Resuscitation Sciences
    • Biomedical Engineering, PhD
    • Clinical Engineering, MHSc

Overview

The Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering (IBBME) offers facilities for research in biomedical engineering and for three educational programs leading to master’s and doctoral degrees.

Biomedical engineering is a multidisciplinary field that integrates engineering and biology/medicine. It uses methods, principles, and tools of engineering, physical sciences, and mathematics to solve problems in the medical and life sciences for the study of living systems; the enhancement and replacement of those systems; the design and construction of systems to measure basic physiological parameters; the development of instruments, materials, and techniques for biological and medical practice; and the development of artificial organs and other medical devices. By its nature, the majority of the institute’s work is interdisciplinary.

Contact and Address

Web: www.ibbme.utoronto.ca

Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering (IBBME) Graduate Office:

Email: grad.ibbme@utoronto.ca 
Telephone: (416) 978-4841
Fax: (416) 978-4317

Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering
University of Toronto
Room 407, Rosebrugh Building
164 College Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G9
Canada

IBBME Professional Programs Office:

Email: mhsc.ibbme@utoronto.ca; meng.ibbme@utoronto.ca
Telephone: (416) 978-6102
Fax: (416) 978-4317

Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering
University of Toronto
Room 407, Rosebrugh Building
164 College Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G9
Canada

Biomedical Engineering: Graduate Faculty

Full Members

Amon, Cristina - BASc, MSc, ScD
Andrysek, Jan - BSc, MASc, PhD
Audet, Julie - MASc, PhD (Vice-Dean, Graduate Studies)
Bardakjian, Berj - BSc, BEd, MASc, PhD
Beal, Deryk - BA, MHSc, PhD
Black, Sandra - BSc, MD
Cafazzo, Joseph - DPhil
Chan, Warren - BSc, PhD (Director)
Chau, Tom - PhD
Chou, Leo - PhD
Davies, John - BSc, BDSc, PhD, DSc (Associate Director, Graduate Program)
Fernandez-Gonzalez, Rodrigo - BSc, PhD
Fernie, Geoffrey - BSc, PhD
Finer, Yoav - MSc, MSc, DMD, PhD
Frecker, Richard - BSc, MD, PhD
Garton, Michael James - PhD
Gilbert, Penney - PhD
Ginsberg, Howard - BSc, LRCP, MD, PhD
Grantcharov, Teodor - DrMed, PhD
Grynpas, Marc Daniel - MSc, PhD
Guenther, Axel - DipIng, DE
Hinz, J. Boris - PhD
Hynynen, Kullervo - BSc, MS, PhD
Jaffray, David - BSc, PhD
Kandel, Rita - MD
Keating, Armand - BSc, MD
Kumacheva, Eugenia - MSc, PhD
Kushki, Azadeh - DrEng
Laflamme, Michael - BS, MD, PhD
Levi, Ofer - BSc, MSc, PhD
Liu, Xinyu - PhD
Mahadevan, Radhakrishnan - BTech, PhD
Mallevaey, Thierry - MSc, PhD
Mandelis, Andreas - BSc, MA, MSc, PhD
Masani, Kei - EdD
Mihailidis, Alex - BASc, MASc, PhD
Moffat, Jason - BSc, PhD
Morshead, Cindi - BS, PhD
Nachman, Adrian - BSc, MA, PhD
Norwich, Kenneth - MSc, PhD
Popovic, Milos - DipIng, PhD
Prescott, Steven - BSc, MSc, MD, PhD
Radisic, Milica - BEng, PhD
Rocheleau, Jonathan - BSc, PhD
Santerre, Paul - BSc, MSc, PhD
Schweizer, Tom - BA, MSc, DPhil
Sefton, Michael - BASc, ScD
Shoichet, Molly - PhD
Sidhu, Sachdev - BSc, DPhil
Simmons, Craig - BSc, MSc, PhD
Skinner, Frances - PhD
Sled, John - BASc, MSc, PhD
Sone, Eli - BSc, MS, PhD
Strauss, Bradley - MD
Sun, Yu - BS, MS, MS, PhD
Thorpe, Steven - BASc, MASc, PhD
Truong, Kevin - BASc, PhD
Wheeler, Aaron - BS, PhD
Wong, Willy - BSc, MSc, PhD
Yadollahi, Azadeh - DrEng
Yip, Christopher - BSc, PhD (Graduate Chair)
Yoo, Paul - BASc, MSc, PhD
You, Lidan - BS, MS, PhD
Zandstra, Peter - BEng, PhD
Zariffa, Jose - DrEng
Zheng, Gang - MSc, PhD
Zilman, Anton - BSc, MSc, PhD

Members Emeriti

Cobbold, Richard - PhD
Dolan, Alf - BSc, MSc
Kunov, Hans - MSc, PhD
Pilliar, Robert - BASc, PhD
Pritzker, Kenneth - BSc, MD

Associate Members

Bouwmeester, Chris - PhD
Carneiro, Karina - BSc, PhD
Coolens, Catherine - BS, MB, PhD
Dutta, Tilak - MEng
Easty, Anthony - PhD
Fialkov, Jeffrey Allan - MSc, MD
Ganss, Bernhard - BSc, MSc, DrRerNat
Guerguerian, Anne Marie - MD
Ibrahim, George - BS, MD, PhD
Islam, Mohammad - PhD
Kumbhare, Dinesh - BSc, MHSc, MD
Lapinsky, Stephen - MSc, MBCHB
McMillen, David - BSc, MS, PhD
Steinman, David - BASc, MASc, PhD
Taati, Babak - PhD
Triverio, Piero - BScEE, MS, PhD
Valiante, Taufik - BSc, MD, PhD
Vasconcelos, Sara
Viswanathan, Sowmya - DPhil

Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical Engineering MASc

Master of Applied Science

Program Description

The MASc program is a research-stream, thesis-based program which provides a strong academic foundation for students who want to become immersed in the discipline of biomedical engineering. This program is designed to offer students challenging and rewarding research opportunities within the context of using engineering principles to enhance the quality of our health-care system.

The MASc program is offered in the fields of 1) Neural/Sensory Systems and Rehabilitation; 2) Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine; 3) Nanotechnology, Molecular Imaging and Systems Biology; and 4) Engineering in a Clinical Setting.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy IBBME’s additional admission requirements stated below.

  • A bachelor's degree in dentistry, engineering, medicine, or one of the physical or biological sciences from a recognized university with a minimum academic standing of mid-B or 3.0 grade point average (GPA) in the final two years of study or over senior-level courses.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. The program normally comprises at least 2.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) including:

    • Two of the following (1.0 FCE):

      • BME 1477H Biomedical Engineering Project Design and Execution (0.5 FCE)

      • BME 1478H Coding for Biomedical Engineers (0.5 FCE)

      • BME 1479H Statistical Discovery Techniques for Biomedical Researchers (0.5 FCE)
    • Two half-course electives relevant to the student's area of research (1.0 FCE).

  • Students must participate in:

    • Either BME 1010H or BME 1011H Graduate Seminar series (0.0 FCE).

    • JDE 1000H Ethics in Research (0.0 FCE).

    • Health and safety training workshops.

  • Successful completion of a research thesis in at least one of the biomedical engineering research fields: 1) Neural/Sensory Systems and Rehabilitation; 2) Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine; 3) Nanotechnology, Molecular Imaging and Systems Biology; or 4) Engineering in a Clinical Setting.

Program Length

5 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W)

Time Limit

3 years full-time

Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical Engineering MEng

​Master of Engineering​

Program Description

The MEng program is an accelerated, professional program with a focus on the design and commercialization of biomedical devices. Students will have the opportunity to take on applied design challenges and meet the growing demands of this industry through a four-month practical experience through internships, research projects, or practical course activities.

The MEng program is offered in the fields of 1) Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine; 2) Engineering in a Clinical Setting; 3) Nanotechnology, Molecular Imaging and Systems Biology; and 4) Neural/Sensory Systems Rehabilitation. Students can take the program on a full-time or part-time basis.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants ​are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy IBBME’s additional admission requirements stated below.

  • ​A four-year bachelor's degree in engineering, medicine, dentistry, or one of the physical or biological sciences from a recognized university, with at least a mid-B average (3.0 grade point average [GPA]) in the final two years of study or over senior-level courses.

Program Requirements

  • ​​​Coursework. The program comprises at least 5.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • ​At least 2.0 FCEs in biomedical engineering courses;

    • At least 1.0 FCE in commercialization and entrepreneurship courses such as BME 1800H, BME 1801H, BME 1802H, and BME 1405H;

    • A 1.5 FCE Practical Experience in Applied Research course in biomedical device development, usually over one session for the full-time option (BME 1899Y), or over three sessions for the part-time option (BME 1898Y). The internship must be in at least one of the following biomedical engineering research fields: 1) Neural/Sensory Systems and Rehabilitation; 2) Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine; 3) Nanotechnology, Molecular Imaging and Systems Biology; or 4) Eng​ineering in a Clinical Setting. The practical experience course can be taken in academic research laboratories, government institutions, health-care facilities, in the industry, or in health-care consulting firms.

    • The remaining 0.5 FCE can be a half course in either biomedical engineering, commercialization and entrepreneurship, or any graduate-level course the student is interested in.

  • When choosing courses, students must consider that out of the total 5.0 required FCEs, 3.5 FCEs must be BME courses (or a joint BME course with the designator JCB, JEB, JPB, JSB, DEN, or JMM). This includes the practical experience course BME 1899Y or BME 1898Y (1.5 FCEs), BME commercialization and entrepreneurship courses (1.0 FCE), and BME biomedical engineering courses (2.0 FCEs). The remaining three courses (1.5 FCEs) can be taken from any other department associated with the program. All courses must be graduate level, which includes both 500- and 1000-level. Students can take a maximum of one 500-level course.

  • Health and safety training workshops.​

  • Students have the option of completing an emphasis in Engineering and Globalization; Entrepreneurship, Leadership, Innovation and Technology in Engineering (ELITE);​ or Forensic Engineering as part of their degree program. Please see details in the Biomedical Engineering MEng Emphases section.

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S);
9 sessions part-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

​2 years full-time;
6 years part-time

Course List​

Biomedical Engineering
​​BM​E 1405H​
Clinical Engineering Instrumentation I​
​BME 1436H
Clinical Engineering Surgery​
​BME 1439H
​Clinical Engineering Instrumentation II​
BME 1453H
Cell and Tissue Engineering
BME 1454H
Regenerative Medicine: Fundamentals and Applications
​BME 1457H
Biomedical Nanotechnology​
BME 1458H​
Pattern Discovery Methods for Biomedical Engineering​
BME 1459H
Protein Engineering
BME 1460H
Quantitative ​Fluorescence Microscopy: Theory and Application to Live Cell Imaging
BME 1462H
Biological Image Analysis​
​BME 1464H
​Orthopaedic Biomechanics and Mechanics of Biomaterials
​BME 1471H
Rehabilitation Engineering​
​BME 1472H
Fundamentals of Neuromodulation Technology and Clinical Applications​
​BME 1473H
Acquisition and Processing of Bioelectric Signals​
​BME 1480H
Experimental Design and Multivariate Analysis in Bioengineering​
BME/JBP 1022H
Human Physiology as Related to Bioengineering II​​​​
JCB 1349H
Molecular Assemblies: Structure/Function/Properties
​​JEB 1365H
Ultrasound: Theory and Applications in Biology and Medicine​
JEB 1433H
Medical Imaging​
​JEB 1444H
Neural Engineering​
​JEB 1447H
Sensory Communications​
​JMB 1050H
​Biological and Bio-inspired ​​Materials
​Commercialization and Entrepreneurship
BME 1405H
Clinical Engineering Instrumentation I
​BME 1800H
Biomedical Product Development I
​​BME 1801H
Biomedical Product Development II
BME 1802H
Biomedical Devices—Human Factors
​BME 1899Y or
​BME 1898Y
Practical Experience in Applied Research​ FT (full-time option) or
Practical Experience in Applied Research​ PT (part-time option)

Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical Engineering PhD

Doctor of Philosophy​

Program Description

The PhD program offers courses and a strong research thesis component. Students emerge from this program ready to pursue careers in academia, medicine, industry, and government. Students with a particular interest in conducting biomedical engineering research with a primary clinical focus may pursue a field in clinical engineering within the Biomedical Engineering PhD program.

Applicants may enter the PhD program via one of three routes: 1) following completion of an appropriate master's degree; 2) transfer from the University of Toronto MASc or MHSc program; or 3) direct entry following completion of an appropriate bachelor's degree.

Fields:

1) Neural/Sensory Systems and Rehabilitation;
2) Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine;
3) Nanotechnology, Molecular Imaging and Systems Biology;
4) Engineering in a Clinical Setting

 

PhD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy IBBME’s additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have a master's degree in dentistry, engineering, medicine, or one of the physical or biological sciences with an overall average of at least B+ (3.3 grade point average [GPA]) from a recognized university.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Normally, students must complete at least 1.0 full-course equivalent (FCE) including:

    • Two of the following (1.0 FCE):

      • BME 1477H Biomedical Engineering Project Design and Execution (0.5 FCE);

      • BME 1478H Coding for Biomedical Engineers (0.5 FCE); or

      • BME 1479H Statistical Discovery Techniques for Biomedical Researchers (0.5 FCE).

  • Students are also expected to pursue a thesis topic relevant to at least one of the following Biomedical Engineering research fields: 1) Neural/Sensory Systems and Rehabilitation; 2) Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine; 3) Nanotechnology, Molecular Imaging and Systems Biology; 4) Engineering in a Clinical Setting; or 5) Clinical Engineering*.

  • Within 12 months of registration, students must pass a qualifying examination covering the broad field of biomedical engineering appropriate to their background.

  • Successful completion of a thesis, representing an original investigation in biomedical engineering.

  • Students will continue to meet with their supervisory committee at least once every 12 months until recommendation for the departmental oral examination is made. On the recommendation of the supervisory committee and special approval from their department Graduate Chair or Coordinator, candidates have the opportunity to waive the departmental oral examination and proceed directly to the Doctoral Final Oral Examination.

  • Students must participate in:

    • Either BME 1010H or BME 1011H Graduate Seminar series (0.0 FCE);

    • JDE 1000H Ethics in Research (0.0 FCE);

    • Health and safety training workshops.

​Program Length

4 years

Time Limit

6 years

 

PhD Program (Transfer)

Transfer Requirements

  • Highly qualified master’s students (MHSc students in Clinical Engineering or MASc students in any field) may be considered for transfer into the PhD program in any of the five fields. MAsc and MHsc students who transfer to a PhD must fulfil the admission requirements listed under the specific field of the PhD program they are transferring to.

Program Requirements for MASc Transfer Students

  • Coursework. Students who transfer from the MASc program in Biomedical Engineering must complete the total course requirements for both degrees: 2.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) at the master’s level plus 1.0 FCE at the PhD level, for a total of 3.0 FCEs.

    • Students must complete two of the following (1.0 FCE):

      • BME 1477H Biomedical Engineering Project Design and Execution (0.5 FCE);

      • BME 1478H Coding for Biomedical Engineers (0.5 FCE); or

      • BME 1479H Statistical Discovery Techniques for Biomedical Researchers (0.5 FCE).

    • Elective courses relevant to the student's area of research (2.0 FCEs).

Program Requirements for MHSc Transfer Students

  • Coursework. Students who transfer from the MHSc program in Biomedical Engineering must complete the total course requirements for both degrees: 4.0 FCEs at the master's level plus 1.0 FCE at the PhD level, for a total of 5.0 FCEs.

    • BME 1405H ​Clinical Engineering Instrumentation I (0.5 FCE) and BME 1436H ​Clinical Engineering Surgery (0.5 FCE).

    • Students must complete two of the following (1.0 FCE):

      • BME 1477H Biomedical Engineering Project Design and Execution (0.5 FCE);

      • BME 1478H Coding for Biomedical Engineers (0.5 FCE); or

      • BME 1479H Statistical Discovery Techniques for Biomedical Researchers (0.5 FCE);

    • Two half-course electives relevant to the student's area of research (1.0 FCE).

    • BME 4444Y Practical Experience Course (1.0 FCE) in health-care facilities, the medical device industry, or health-care consulting firms. The practical experience course must total a minimum of 625 hours.

All PhD Students

  • Students are expected to pursue a thesis topic relevant to at least one of the following Biomedical Engineering research fields: 1) Neural/Sensory Systems and Rehabilitation; 2) Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine; 3) Nanotechnology, Molecular Imaging and Systems Biology; 4) Engineering in a Clinical Setting.

  • Within 12 months of registration, students must pass a qualifying examination covering the broad field of biomedical engineering appropriate to their background.

  • Successful completion of a thesis, representing an original investigation in biomedical engineering.

  • Students will continue to meet with their supervisory committee at least once every 12 months until recommendation for the departmental oral examination is made. On the recommendation of the supervisory committee and special approval from their department Graduate Chair or Coordinator, candidates have the opportunity to waive the departmental oral examination and proceed directly to the Doctoral Final Oral Examination.

  • Students must participate in:

    • Either BME 1010H or BME 1011H Graduate Seminar series (0.0 FCE);

    • JDE 1000H Ethics in Research (0.0 FCE);

    • Health and safety training workshops.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

 

PhD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy IBBME’s additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Direct entry with a bachelor's degree may be considered in exceptional cases. Applicants must have an undergraduate degree in dentistry, engineering, medicine, or one of the physical or biological sciences.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Normally, students must complete 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) including:

    • ​Two of the following (1.0 FCE):

      • BME 1477H Biomedical Engineering Project Design and Execution (0.5 FCE);

      • BME 1478H Coding for Biomedical Engineers (0.5 FCE); or

      • BME 1479H Statistical Discovery Techniques for Biomedical Researchers (0.5 FCE).

    • Elective courses relevant to the student's area of research (2.0 FCEs).

  • Students are also expected to pursue a thesis topic relevant to at least one of the following Biomedical Engineering research fields: 1) Neural/Sensory Systems and Rehabilitation; 2) Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine; 3) Nanotechnology, Molecular Imaging and Systems Biology; 4) Engineering in a Clinical Setting.

  • Successful completion of a thesis, representing an original investigation in biomedical engineering.

  • Students will continue to meet with their supervisory committee at least once every 12 months until recommendation for the departmental oral examination is made. On the recommendation of the supervisory committee and special approval from their department Graduate Chair or Coordinator, candidates have the opportunity to waive the departmental oral examination and proceed directly to the Doctoral Final Oral Examination.

  • Students must participate in:

    • Either BME 1010H or BME 1011H Graduate Seminar series (0.0 FCE);

    • JDE 1000H Ethics in Research (0.0 FCE);

    • Health and safety training workshops.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

 

Field: 5) Clinical Engineering

PhD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy IBBME’s additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants must have a master's degree in dentistry, engineering, medicine, or one of the physical or biological sciences with an overall average of at least B+ (3.3 grade point average [GPA]) from a recognized university.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Normally, students must complete at least 1.0 full-course equivalent (FCE) including:

    • ​Two of the following (1.0 FCE):

      • BME 1477H Biomedical Engineering Project Design and Execution (0.5 FCE);

      • BME 1478H Coding for Biomedical Engineers (0.5 FCE); or

      • BME 1479H Statistical Discovery Techniques for Biomedical Researchers (0.5 FCE)

    • If a student does not have a formal degree in clinical engineering, 0.5 FCE from one of the IBBME clinical engineering courses (BME 1405H, BME 1436H, BME 1439H, or BME 4444Y) is required. A student who possesses protracted professional engineering experience (five or more years) will be exempt from this requirement.

  • Students must (1) conduct their research in a clinical environment and (2) be co-supervised by both engineering and health science faculty. The primary supervisor must be IBBME-appointed; however, the co-supervisor could be from a clinical unit other than IBBME but must be appointed to SGS.

  • Within 12 months of registration, students must pass a qualifying examination covering the broad field of biomedical engineering appropriate to their background.

  • Successful completion of a thesis, representing an original investigation in biomedical engineering.

  • Students will continue to meet with their supervisory committee at least once every 12 months until recommendation for the departmental oral examination is made. On the recommendation of the supervisory committee and special approval from their department Graduate Chair or Coordinator, candidates have the opportunity to waive the departmental oral examination and proceed directly to the Doctoral Final Oral Examination.

  • Students must participate in:

    • Either BME 1010H or BME 1011H Graduate Seminar series (0.0 FCE);

    • JDE 1000H Ethics in Research (0.0 FCE);

    • Health and safety training workshops.

​Program Length

4 years

Time Limit

6 years

 

PhD Program (Transfer)

Transfer Requirements

  • Highly qualified master’s students (MHSc students in Clinical Engineering or MASc students in any field) may be considered for transfer into the PhD program in any of the five research fields. To be eligible to transfer to the PhD, Clinical Engineering MHSc students must complete 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) within the MHSc curriculum.

  • MHSc students who transfer to the PhD in the field of Clinical Engineering must fulfil the PhD program requirements listed below. MHSc students who transfer to the other PhD fields must fulfil the program requirements of the PhD field as described in the applicable section.

Program Requirements for MASc Transfer Students

  • Coursework. Students who transfer from the MASc program in Biomedical Engineering must complete the total course requirements for both degrees: 2.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) at the master’s level plus 1.0 FCE at the PhD level, for a total of 3.0 FCEs.

    • Students must complete two of the following (1.0 FCE):

      • BME 1477H Biomedical Engineering Project Design and Execution (0.5 FCE);

      • BME 1478H Coding for Biomedical Engineers (0.5 FCE); or

      • BME 1479H Statistical Discovery Techniques for Biomedical Researchers (0.5 FCE).

    • Elective courses relevant to the student's area of research (2.0 FCEs).

    • If a student does not have a formal degree in clinical engineering, 0.5 FCE from one of the IBBME clinical engineering courses (BME 1405H, BME 1436H, BME 1439H, or BME 4444Y) is required. A student who possesses protracted professional engineering experience (five or more years) will be exempt from this requirement.

Program Requirements for MHSc Transfer Students

  • Coursework. Students who transfer from the MHSc program in Biomedical Engineering must complete the total course requirements for both degrees: 4.0 FCEs at the master's level plus 1.0 FCE at the PhD level, for a total of 5.0 FCEs.
    • BME 1405H ​Clinical Engineering Instrumentation I (0.5 FCE) and BME 1436H ​Clinical Engineering Surgery (0.5 FCE).

    • Students must complete two of the following (1.0 FCE):

      • BME 1477H Biomedical Engineering Project Design and Execution (0.5 FCE);

      • BME 1478H Coding for Biomedical Engineers (0.5 FCE); or

      • BME 1479H Statistical Discovery Techniques for Biomedical Researchers (0.5 FCE);

    • Two half-course electives relevant to the student's area of research (1.0 FCE).

    • BME 4444Y Practical Experience Course (1.0 FCE) in health-care facilities, the medical device industry, or health-care consulting firms. The practical experience course must total a minimum of 625 hours.

    • If a student does not have a formal degree in clinical engineering, 0.5 FCE from one of the IBBME clinical engineering courses (BME 1405H, BME 1436H, BME 1439H, or BME 4444Y) is required. A student who possesses protracted professional engineering experience (five or more years) will be exempt from this requirement.

All PhD Students

  • Students must (1) conduct their research in a clinical environment and (2) be co-supervised by both engineering and health science faculty. The primary supervisor must be IBBME-appointed; however, the co-supervisor could be from a clinical unit other than IBBME but must be appointed to SGS.

  • Within 12 months of registration, students must pass a qualifying examination covering the broad field of biomedical engineering appropriate to their background.
  • Successful completion of a thesis, representing an original investigation in biomedical engineering.

  • Students will continue to meet with their supervisory committee at least once every 12 months until recommendation for the departmental oral examination is made. On the recommendation of the supervisory committee and special approval from their department Graduate Chair or Coordinator, candidates have the opportunity to waive the departmental oral examination and proceed directly to the Doctoral Final Oral Examination.

  • Students must participate in:

    • Either BME 1010H or BME 1011H Graduate Seminar series (0.0 FCE);

    • JDE 1000H Ethics in Research (0.0 FCE);

    • Health and safety training workshops.

​Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

 

PhD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy IBBME’s additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Direct entry with a bachelor's degree may be considered in exceptional cases. Applicants must have an undergraduate degree in dentistry, engineering, medicine, or one of the physical or biological sciences.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Normally, students must complete 3.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) including:

    • Two of the following (1.0 FCE):

      • BME 1477H Biomedical Engineering Project Design and Execution (0.5 FCE);

      • BME 1478H Coding for Biomedical Engineers (0.5 FCE); or

      • BME 1479H Statistical Discovery Techniques for Biomedical Researchers (0.5 FCE).

    • Elective courses relevant to the student's area of research (2.0 FCEs).

    • If a student does not have a formal degree in clinical engineering, 0.5 FCE from one of the IBBME clinical engineering courses (BME 1405H, BME 1436H, BME 1439H, or BME 4444Y) is required. A student who possesses protracted professional engineering experience (five or more years) will be exempt from this requirement.

  • Students in the Clinical Engineering field must (1) conduct their research in a clinical environment and (2) be co-supervised by both engineering and health science faculty. The primary supervisor must be IBBME-appointed; however, the co-supervisor could be from a clinical unit other than IBBME but must be appointed to SGS.

  • Within 12 months of registration, students must pass a qualifying examination covering the broad field of biomedical engineering appropriate to their background.

  • Successful completion of a thesis, representing an original investigation in biomedical engineering.

  • Students will continue to meet with their supervisory committee at least once every 12 months until recommendation for the departmental oral examination is made. On the recommendation of the supervisory committee and special approval from their department Graduate Chair or Coordinator, candidates have the opportunity to waive the departmental oral examination and proceed directly to the Doctoral Final Oral Examination.

  • Students must participate in:

    • Either BME 1010H or BME 1011H Graduate Seminar series (0.0 FCE);

    • JDE 1000H Ethics in Research (0.0 FCE);

    • Health and safety training workshops.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

Biomedical Engineering: Clinical Engineering MHSc

​Master of Health Science​

Program Description

The MHSc program educates students on how to apply and implement medical technologies to optimize modern health-care delivery. This professional degree program consists of academic courses and a research thesis and provides students with real-world exposure through a practical experience course with a private sector company, a hospital, or a research facility.

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy IBBME’s additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Selected students with a four-year bachelor's degree in engineering, medicine, dentistry, or one of the physical or biological sciences from a recognized university, with a mid-B (3.0 grade point average [GPA]) or higher in the final two years of study or over senior-level courses.

Program Requirements

  • Coursework. Students must normally complete 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • BME 1405H ​Clinical Engineering Instrumentation I (0.5 FCE) and BME 1436H ​Clinical Engineering Surgery (0.5 FCE)

    • Two of the following (1.0 FCE):

      • BME 1477H Biomedical Engineering Project Design and Execution (0.5 FCE);

      • BME 1478H Coding for Biomedical Engineers (0.5 FCE); or

      • BME 1479H Statistical Discovery Techniques for Biomedical Researchers (0.5 FCE)

    • Two half-course electives relevant to the student's area of research (1.0 FCE).

    • BME 4444Y Practical Experience Course (1.0 FCE) in health-care facilities, the medical device industry, or health-care consulting firms. The practical experience course must total a minimum of 625 hours.

  • Students must participate in:

    • Either BME 1010H or BME 1011H Graduate Seminar series (0.0 FCE) and

    • JDE 1000H Ethics in Research (0.0 FCE).

  • Successful completion of a thesis.

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-ti​me

Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical Engineering MEng Emphases

Emphasis: Engineering and Globalization (MEng only)

MEng students must successfully complete four half courses (2.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]) from the following lists, with at least two half courses (or one full course) taken from Group A.

Group A

APS 510H, APS 530H, APS 1420H, GLA 1000H, JCR 1000Y (full-year course)

Group B

APS 1015H, APS 1020H, APS 1024H, CHL 5700H, JMG 2020H.

Note: Students who choose to pursue an MEng project in their home department that aligns with the Centre for Global Engineering (CGEN)'s disciplinary focus, as deemed by the CGEN Director, may count the project as one required Group B course.

Students who complete the requirements of the emphasis in Engineering and Globalization and wish to obtain a notation on their transcript should contact the Faculty Graduate Studies office.

 

Emphasis: Entrepreneurship, Leadership, Innovation and Technology in Engi​neering (ELITE)​ (MEng only)

MEng students must successfully complete any four of the following courses (2.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs]):

Leadership

APS 1010H, APS 1011H, APS 1026H, APS 1027H, APS 1029H, APS 1030H, APS 1501H, APS 1502H

Entrepreneurship and Innovation

APS 1012H, APS 1013H, APS 1015H, APS 1023H, APS 1033H, APS 1035H, APS 1036H, APS 1041H, APS 1061H, APS 1088H

Finance and Management

AER 1601H, APS 502H, APS 1001H, APS 1004H, APS 1005H, APS 1009H, APS 1016H, APS 1017H, APS 1020H, APS 1022H, APS 1028H, APS 1032​H, APS 1038H, APS 1039H, APS 1040H, APS 1049H, APS 1050H, APS 1051H, APS 1052H

Engineering and Society

APS 510H, APS 1018H, APS 1024H, APS 1025H, APS 1031H, APS 1034H, APS 1420H​.

 

Emphasis: Forensic Engineering (MEng only)

MEng students must successfully complete four courses (one core course and three elective courses).

Core Course

MSE 1031H

Elective Courses

APS 540H, APS 1034H, APS 1039H, APS 1040H,
BME 1800H, BME 1801H, BME 1480H,
CHE 561H, CHE 568H, CHE 1213H, CHE 1431H, CHE 1432H, CHE 1434H,
CIV 510H, CIV 518H, CIV 1163H, CIV 1171H, CIV 1174H, CIV 1190H, CIV 1201H, CIV 1279H, CIV 1282H, CIV 1422H, CIV 1429H,
JMB 1050H,
JNC 2503H,
MSE 1015H, MSE 1016H, MSE 1022H, MSE 1032H,
MIE 566H, MIE 1224H, MIE 1301H, MIE 1303H, MIE 1411H, MIE 1414H, MIE 1616H, MIE 1713H, MIE 1714H, MIE 1721H, MIE 1723H, MIE 1727H, MIE 1804H.

Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical Engineering MASc, MEng, PhD, Clinical Engineering MHSc Courses

Not all courses are offered every year. Students should contact the institute office for information about course availability. Outlines of these and other closely related courses may be obtained from the institute office.

​BME 1010H
Graduate Seminar​​
​BME 1011H
Graduate Seminar​
​BME 1405H
​Clinical Engineering Instrumentation I
​BME 1436H
​Clinical Engineering Surgery
​BME 1439H
​Clinical Engineering Instrumentation II
​BME 1454H
​Regenerative Medicine: Fundamentals and Applications
​BME 1456H
​Changing Health Care Technologies, People, and Places
​BME 1457H
​Biomedical Nanotechnology
​BME 1458H
​Pattern Discovery Methods for Biomedical Engineering
​BME 1459H
​Protein Engineering
​BME 1460H
​Quantitative ​Fluorescence Microscopy: Theory and Application to Live Cell Imaging
​BME 1462H
​Biological Image Analysis
​BME 1466H
​Advanced Topics on Magnetic Resonance Imaging
​BME 1471H
​Rehabilitation Engineering
BME 1472H​
​Fundamentals of Neuromodulation Technology and Clinical Applications
​BME 1473H
​Acquisition and Processing of Bioelectric Signals
BME 1477H
Biomedical Engineering Project Design and Execution
BME 1478H
Coding for Biomedical Engineers
BME 1479H
Statistical Discovery Techniques for Biomedical Researchers
​BME 1480H
​Experimental Design and Multivariate Analysis in Bioengineering
BME 1800H
Biomedical Product Development I
BME 1801H
Biomedical Product Development II
BME 1802H
Biomedical Devices—Human Factors
BME 1898Y
Practical Experience in Applied Research PT
BME 1899Y
Practical Experience in Applied Research FT
​BME 4444Y
​Practical Experience Course
​HAD 5010H
Canada’s Health System and Health Policy: Part I​
​JCB 1349H
​Molecular Assemblies: Structure/Function/Properties
​JEB 1365H
​Ultrasound: Theory and Applications in Biology and Medicine
​JEB 1433H
​Medical Imaging
​JEB 1444H
​Neural Engineering
​JEB 1447H
Sensory Communications​
​JEB 1451H
​Neural Bioelectricity
​JMB 1050H
Biological and Bio-inspired Materials​
BME/​JPB 1022H
​Human Physiology as Related to Engineering II
​JTC 1331H
​Biomaterials Science
​MBP 1007H
​Fundamentals in Molecular and Cell Biology
​MBP 1022H
​Advanced Cell Biology for Physical Scientists