Industrial Relations and Human Resources

IRHR: Introduction

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Faculty Affiliation

Arts and Science

Degree Programs

Industrial Relations and Human Resources

​​MIRHR​​
 
PhD​
Field: 
Canadian Industrial Relations and Human Resources

​Collaborative Specializations

The following collaborative specializations are available to students in participating degree programs as listed below:

  1. Ethnic and Pluralism Studies
    • Industrial Relations and Human Resources, MIRHR, PhD
  2. Workplace Learning and Social Change
    • Industrial Relations and Human Resources, MIRHR, PhD

Overview

In addition to faculty directly appointed to the Centre for Industrial Relations and Human Resources (CIRHR), the centre brings together professors from many different disciplines and departments at the University of Toronto to teach and conduct research on all aspects of the workplace and employment relationships. The CIRHR faculty reflect the depth, breadth, and diversity of our university.

Contact and Address

Web: www.cirhr.utoronto.ca
Email: cir.info@utoronto.ca
Telephone: (416) 978-0551
Fax: (416) 978-5696

Centre for Industrial Relations and Human Resources
University of Toronto
121 St. George Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2E8
Canada

IRHR: Graduate Faculty

Full Members

Campolieti, Michele - BSc, MA, PhD
Dhuey, Elizabeth Ann - BA, MEc, PhD
Gomez, Rafael - BA, MA, MIR, PhD (Director)
Hyatt, Douglas - BA, MA, PhD
Krashinsky, Harry - MA, PhD
Krashinsky, Michael - SB, MPH, AM, PhD
Langille, Brian A - LLB, BCL, BA
Latham, Gary - BA, MS, PhD
MacDowell, Laurel - BA, MSc, PhD
Macklem, Patrick - BA, LLB, LLM
Reitz, Jeffrey - PhD
Rotundo, Maria - BA, MA, PhD
Saks, Alan - BA, MSc, PhD
Verma, Anil - BTech, MBA, PhD

Members Emeriti

Gunderson, Morley - BA, MA, PhD
Reid, Frank - BA, MSc, PhD (Coordinator of Graduate Studies)

Associate Members

Heathcote, Joanna - BA, MA, PhD
Pohler, Dionne - BComm, PhD
Rittich, Kerry - BAMus, LLB, SJD
Riznek, Lori - BA, MA, DA
Sawchuk, Peter - BSc, BEd, PhD
Tompa, Emile - BEc, MEc, PhD
Wang, Hua - BS, MS, PhD

IRHR: Industrial Relations and Human Resources MIRHR

Master of Industrial Relations and Human Resources

Program Description

The Master of Industrial Relations and Human Resources (MIRHR) degree program benefits students who are interested in advanced academic study leading to career opportunities in human resources management, labour-management relations, collective bargaining and dispute resolution, organization development and change, and labour market and social policy.

The MIRHR is a professional degree program designed to train students in the latest innovations and best practices within industrial relations and human resources management. The program uses an interdisciplinary approach to provide specialized study of the employment relationship.

The MIRHR offers two program options:

  • The Two-Year MIRHR option allows qualified students to complete the degree program in two years (16 non-consecutive months) of full-time study.

  • The advanced-standing MIRHR option enables qualified students to complete the MIRHR in one year (12 consecutive months) of full-time study.

Both options may be taken on a part-time basis.

 

MIRHR Program (Two-Year)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the CIRHR additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants to the two-year MIRHR program require an appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university. A minimum grade average of B+ in each of the final two years of the degree is required.

  • All applicants are encouraged to submit results from the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT). Although these tests are not required and there is no minimum score requirement, this information is helpful to the admissions committee. Test results more than five years old are normally not considered.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must write the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The following minimum scores are acceptable:

    • paper-based TOEFL exam: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL exam: 100/120 and 22/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

  • Since space in the program is limited, all applicants who meet the minimum admission requirements cannot be guaranteed admission. The CIRHR admissions committee reserves the right to select qualified applicants to the program. All admission decisions are final.

Program Requirements

  • Each student's program of courses must be approved by the Coordinator of Graduate Studies. If chosen courses appear to overlap to a large degree, approval may be denied.

  • Students must have a mid-B average overall to be recommended for the degree.

  • Failure in any course (that is, a grade of less than B-) will require a review of the student's program by the department.

  • A student who fails two or more courses is no longer in good academic standing and a recommendation for termination will be made to the School of Graduate Studies.

Year 1: Foundation Courses
  • Year 1 is spent acquiring a foundation in industrial relations and human resources and includes courses in economics, human resources management, law, quantitative methods, and organizational behaviour. Courses marked (PR) require prerequisites; further information may be obtained from CIRHR.

  • Students must take 4.0 full-course equivalents (FCEs), of which 3.5 are required courses, as follows:

    • IRE 1002H Applied Statistics in Industrial Relations

    • IRE 1010H Economic Foundations of Industrial Relations and Human Resources

    • IRE 1126H Economics of Labour and Human Resources (PR)

    • IRE 1362H Organizational Behaviour

    • IRE 1609H Strategic Human Resources Management (exclusion: RSM 2609H Aligning People and Strategy)

    • IRE 1610H Industrial Relations

    • plus one of the following law courses:

      • IRE 1270H Law of Labour Relations

      • IRE 1338H Law in the Workplace.

  • 0.5 FCE is an elective course that is chosen from the list below to fill the requisite 4.0 FCEs in Year 1 of the program.

  • Students admitted into the two-year MIRHR program may apply to take IRE 4000H, a non-credit course designed  for students to gain summer employment in a position that will provide them with work experience relevant to their field of study.

  • Students in the MIRHR program are required to achieve a mid-B average in Year 1 of the program (or in the first 4.0 FCEs) in order to continue or to pass into Year 2.

Year 2: Core Courses
  • Students must take 4.0 FCEs to complete Year 2. This includes core courses in Industrial Relations and Human Resources (1.5 FCEs):

    • IRE 2001H Foundations and Current Issues in Industrial Relations and Human Resources

    • IRE 2002H Research Methods for Industrial Relations and Human Resources (PR)

    • plus one of the following courses:

      • IRE 2003H Research Project in Industrial Relations and Human Resources (PR)

      • IRE 2004H Data Analytics and Metrics in Industrial Relations and Human Resources (PR).

  • 2.5 FCEs are elective courses that are chosen from the list below to fill the requisite 4.0 FCEs in Year 2 of the program.

Program Length

6 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S/F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time; 6 years part-time

 

MIRHR Program (Advanced-Standing Option: 12-Month)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Centre for Industrial Relations and Human Resources additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants to the 12-month MIRHR advanced-standing option require an appropriate bachelor's degree from a recognized university and significant academic training (normally 3.0 full-course equivalents [FCEs] at the senior undergraduate level), employment relations, human resources, industrial relations, labour studies, or labour economics. If the admissions committee determines that an applicant does not have sufficient academic training to qualify for advanced standing, the student will be considered for the two-year MIRHR degree. A minimum grade average of B+ in each of the final two years of the degree is required.

  • All applicants are encouraged to submit results from the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT). Although these tests are not required and there is no minimum score requirement, this information is helpful to the admissions committee. Test results more than five years old are normally not considered.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must write the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The following minimum scores are acceptable:

    • paper-based TOEFL exam: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL exam: 100/120 and 22/30 on the writing and speaking sections.

  • Since space in the program is limited, all applicants who meet the minimum admission requirements cannot be guaranteed admission. The CIRHR admissions committee reserves the right to select qualified applicants to the program. All admission decisions are final.

Program Requirements

  • Each student's program of courses must be approved by the Coordinator of Graduate Studies. If chosen courses appear to overlap to a large degree, approval may be denied.

  • Students must have a mid-B average overall to be recommended for the degree.

  • Failure in any course (that is, a grade of less than B-) will require a review of the student's program by the department.

  • A student who fails two or more courses is no longer in good academic standing and a recommendation for termination will be made to the School of Graduate Studies.

  • Students admitted into the 12-month MIRHR advanced-standing option will have completed many of the foundation courses in industrial relations and human resources.

  • Students will take both foundation and core courses simultaneously in the three sessions of study (September to August). During this time, students will also take elective courses to increase their breadth of knowledge or to focus on their areas of interest.

  • Students must take 5.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs), of which 3.0 are required courses, as follows:

    • IRE 1010H Economic Foundations of Industrial Relations and Human Resources

    • IRE 1126H Economics of Labour and Human Resources (PR)

    • IRE 2001H Foundations and Current Issues in Industrial Relations and Human Resources

    • IRE 2002H Research Methods for Industrial Relations and Human Resources (PR)

    • plus one of the following courses:

      • IRE 2003H Research Project in Industrial Relations and Human Resources (PR)

      • IRE 2004H Data Analytics and Metrics in Industrial Relations and Human Resources (PR)

    • plus one of the following law courses:

      • IRE 1270H Law of Labour Relations

      • IRE 1338H Law in the Workplace.

  • 2.5 FCEs are elective courses that are chosen from the list below to fill the requisite 5.5 FCEs in the program.

  • Students in the MIRHR advanced-standing option are required to achieve a mid-B average in the first 2.5 FCEs of the program in order to continue.

Program Length

3 sessions full-time (typical registration sequence: F/W/S)

Time Limit

3 years full-time; 6 years part-time

IRHR: Industrial Relations and Human Resources PhD

Doctor of Philosophy

Program Description

The Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree program benefits students who are interested in advanced academic study leading to career opportunities in human resources management; labour-management relations; collective bargaining and dispute resolution; organization development and change; and labour market and social policy. The PhD program is a research-oriented program of study designed to provide students with a thorough knowledge of the field and strong research skills. Offered only on a full-time basis, students normally fulfil a two-year residency requirement that enables their full participation in the activities associated with the program.

Applicants may enter the PhD program via one of two routes: 1) following completion of an appropriate master’s degree or 2) direct entry following completion of a bachelor’s degree.

 

PhD Program

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Centre for Industrial Relations and Human Resources' additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Applicants require a Master of Industrial Relations and Human Resources (MIRHR) degree from the University of Toronto, or its equivalent.

  • Students with a master's degree in another related social science discipline may be considered for admission to the PhD if they have exceptional academic standing and have demonstrated quantitative skills and research ability.

  • At least a B+ standing, or equivalent, is required in the previous master's program. Academic performance in courses relevant to the applicant's area of interest, as well as performance in statistics and research methods courses are taken into consideration by the admissions committee.

  • Applicants are required to submit a copy of their results from the Graduate Record Examination (GRE).  Although there is no minimum score requirement, performance on  the GRE  will be taken into consideration by the admissions committee. Test results more than five years old are normally not considered.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must write the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The following minimum scores are acceptable:

    • paper-based TOEFL exam: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL exam: 100/120 and 22/30 on both the writing and speaking sections.

  • Applicants may be required to appear for a personal interview and/or submit copies of recent academic work.

Program Requirements

Normally, requirements in Years 1 and 2 consist of a core course in Industrial Relations and Human Resources, elective courses, and courses in research methods and statistics.

  • Students must take the equivalent of 4.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:
    • The core requirement in Industrial Relations and Human Resources is met by completing:

      • IRE 3004H Special Topics in Employment and Industrial Relations.

    • The research and statistics requirements are met by completing:

      • IRE 3002Y Research Seminar I

      • IRE 3003H Research Seminar II (PR)

      • RSM 3062H Methods and Research in Organizational Behaviour and Industrial Relations

      • 1.0 FCE in statistics, chosen, with the approval of the PhD Coordinator, from selected offerings in other departments and Faculties.

    • In cases where a student's prior academic background may have covered any of the courses listed above, substitutions may be permitted with the approval of the PhD Coordinator.

    • 1.0 FCE is chosen from the elective courses set out below or from selected offerings in other departments and Faculties.

  • A comprehensive examination is normally written by January 31 of Year 2. It is designed to encourage students to broaden their understanding of industrial relations and human resources, to demonstrate analytical and methodological abilities, and to address current policy issues. The examination is four to five hours in length and graded as Pass/Fail. It is normally set by four faculty members and students must answer one of two questions submitted by each of them.

  • A student who fails the first attempt at the exam will be permitted one more attempt. Failure of the second attempt will result in a recommendation for program termination.

  • Intensive work on the dissertation will also begin in Year 2 of the PhD program. The thesis topic and name of supervisor must be submitted no later than March 31 of Year 2.

  • Students who are in Years 3 and 4 must enrol in the following courses:

    • IRE 3005H Workshop in Industrial Relations I (Credit/No-Credit)

    • IRE 3006H Workshop in Industrial Relations II (Credit/No-Credit).

  • Students will have achieved candidacy upon successful completion of the program requirements above at the end of Year 3 of study.

  • Proficiency in French and/or other languages will be required when the student's supervisor deems it necessary for dissertation research or when CIRHR deems it necessary for the student's area of research.

  • Thesis and a Doctoral Final Oral Examination on the thesis.

  • The program is available only on a full-time basis and normally has a two-year residency requirement, during which time the student is required to participate fully in the department's activities associated with the program.

Program Length

4 years

Time Limit

6 years

 

PhD Program (Direct-Entry)

Minimum Admission Requirements

  • Applicants are admitted under the General Regulations of the School of Graduate Studies. Applicants must also satisfy the Centre for Industrial Relations and Human Resources' additional admission requirements stated below.

  • Students who hold a bachelor's degree in industrial relations or human resources may be considered for admission to the PhD if they have exceptional academic standing and have demonstrated quantitative skills and research ability. Students will be required to complete additional courses.

  • Academic performance in courses relevant to the applicant's area of interest, as well as performance in statistics and research methods courses are taken into consideration by the admissions committee.

  • Applicants are required to submit a copy of their results from the Graduate Record Examination (GRE).  Although there is no minimum score requirement, performance on  the GRE will be taken into consideration by the admissions committee. Test results more than five years old are normally not considered.

  • Applicants whose primary language is not English and who graduated from a university where the language of instruction and examination was not English must write the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The following minimum scores are acceptable:

    • paper-based TOEFL exam: 600 and 5 on the Test of Written English (TWE)

    • Internet-based TOEFL exam: 100/120 and 22/30 on both the writing and speaking sections.

  • Applicants may be required to appear for a personal interview and/or submit copies of recent academic work.

Program Requirements

  • Normally, requirements in Years 1 and 2 consist of a core course in Industrial Relations and Human Resources, elective courses, and courses in research methods and statistics.

  • Students must take up to the equivalent of 8.5 full-course equivalents (FCEs) as follows:

    • The core requirement in Industrial Relations and Human Resources is met by completing:

      • IRE 3004H Special Topics in Employment and Industrial Relations.

    • The research and statistics requirements are met by completing:

      • IRE 3002Y Research Seminar I

      • IRE 3003H Research Seminar II (PR)

      • RSM 3062H Methods and Research in Organizational Behaviour and Industrial Relations

      • 1.0 FCE in statistics, chosen, with the approval of the PhD Coordinator, from selected offerings in other departments and Faculties.

      • In cases where a student's prior academic background may have covered any of the courses listed above, substitutions may be permitted with the approval of the PhD Coordinator.

    • 4.0 FCEs chosen in consultation with the PhD Coordinator.

    • 1.0 FCE is chosen from the elective courses set out below or from selected offerings in other departments and Faculties.

  • A comprehensive examination is normally written by January 31 of Year 2 in the program. It is designed to encourage students to broaden their understanding of industrial relations and human resources, to demonstrate analytical and methodological abilities, and to address current policy issues. The examination is four to five hours in length and graded as Pass/Fail. It is normally set by four faculty members and students must answer one of two questions submitted by each of them.

  • A student who fails the first attempt at the exam will be permitted one more attempt. Failure of the second attempt will result in a recommendation for program termination.

  • Intensive work on the dissertation will also begin in Year 2 of the PhD program. The thesis topic and name of supervisor must be submitted no later than March 31 of Year 2.

  • Students who are in Years 3 and 4 must enrol in the following courses:

    • IRE 3005H Workshop in Industrial Relations I (Credit/No-Credit)

    • IRE 3006H Workshop in Industrial Relations II (Credit/No-Credit).

  • Students will have achieved candidacy upon successful completion of the program requirements above at the end of Year 4.

  • Proficiency in French and/or other languages will be required when the student's supervisor deems it necessary for dissertation research or when CIRHR deems it necessary for the student's area of research.

  • Thesis and a Doctoral Final Oral Examination on the thesis.

  • The program is available only on a full-time basis and normally has a two-year residency requirement, during which time the student is required to participate fully in the department's activities associated with the program.

Program Length

5 years

Time Limit

7 years

IRHR: Industrial Relations and Human Resources MIRHR, PhD Courses

​Required Courses

​IRE 10​02H
​Applied Statistics in Industrial Relations​
​IRE 1010H
​Economic Foundations of Industrial Relations and Human Resources
IRE 1126H
Economics of Labour and Human Resources (PR)
​IRE 1270H
Law of Labour Relations​
​IRE 1338H
Law in the Workplace​
​IRE 1362H
​Organizational Behaviour
​IRE 1609H
​​Strategic Human Resources Management
​​IRE 1610H
​​Industrial Relations
​​​IRE 2001H
Foundations and Current Issues in Industrial Relations and Human Resources​​​
​IRE 2002H
​Research Methods for Industrial Relations and Human Resources (PR)
​IRE 2003H
​Research Project in Industrial Relations and Human Resources (PR)
​IRE 2004H
​Data Analytics and Metrics for Industrial Relations and Human Resources (PR)
​IRE 30​02Y​
Research Seminar I​
​IRE ​3003H
Research Seminar II (PR)​
​IRE 30​04H
​Special Topics in Employment and Industrial Relations
​IRE ​3005H
Workshop in Industrial Relations I (Credit/No Credit)
​IRE 30​06H
​Workshop in Industrial Relations II (Credit/No Credit)​
​RSM ​3062H
​Methods and Research in Organizational Behaviour and ​Industrial Relations

​Elective Courses

The Centre for Industrial Relations and Human Resources (CIRHR) offers key elective courses in both industrial relations and human resources. With the permission of the Graduate Coordinator, students may take courses in other departments and Faculties. Since graduate units give preference to their own students, CIRHR students can enrol in these elective courses only when space is available. Students must meet the standards and requirements of the other departments and Faculties in those courses taken outside CIRHR.

Not all courses are offered every year. The availability of elective courses may be subject to change due to such factors as faculty research leaves and departmental resources. Some courses may be available only in the day or in the evening.

Please consult the CIRHR timetable which lists available courses in each session. The notation (PR) following a course indicates the course has a prerequisite, and additional information may be obtained from CIRHR.

Further details concerning specific courses and brief course descriptions are available​ on the CIRHR website.

Industrial Relations and Human Resources

​IRE 1260H
Seminar on Labour Arbitration (PR)​
​IRE 1270H
Law of Labour Relations​
​IRE 1338H
​Law in the Workplace
​IRE 1600H
International Developments in Labour and Human Resource Policy (PR)
​IRE 1611H
Sociology of Industrial Relations​
​IRE 1615H
​Labour and Globalization (PR)
​IRE 1620H
​Labour Relations Problems in Historical Perspective
​IRE 1625H
​Contemporary Issues in Public Sector Labour-Management Relations (PR)
​IRE 1630H
​Negotiation Skills, Theory, and Practice (PR)
​IRE 1635H
​Collective Bargaining (PR)
​IRE 1640H
​Contemporary Trade Unionism: Issues, Challenges, Strategy (PR)
​IRE 1650H
​Managing Workplace Conflict (PR)
IRE 1655H
​Health and Safet​y​
​IRE 1715H
​Special Topics in Industrial Relations and Human Resources
​IRE 1720H
​Managing Organizational Change (PR)
​IRE 1725H
​Cross Cultural Differences in Organizational Contexts (PR)
​IRE 1730H
​Contemporary Challenges Facing Today's Organizations (PR)​
​IRE 2021H
​Business Strategy for IR/HR
​IRE 2715H
​Special Topics in Industrial Relations and Human Resources
​IRE 3615H
​Performance Management Systems (PR)
​IRE 3635H
​Compensation (PR)
​IRE 3640H
​Recruitment and Selection (PR)
​IRE 3645H
​Training and Development (PR)
​IRE 3650H
​Human Resource Planning and Strategy (PR)​
​IRE 3655H
​Leadership (PR)
​IRE 3715H
​Special Topics in Industrial Relations and Human Resources

Adult Education and Counselling Psychology

​​APD 1268H
​Career Counselling and Development: Transition in Adulthood
​LHA 1101H​
Approaches to Teaching Adults​
​LHA 1148H
Introduction to Workplace, Organizational, and Economic Democracy​

Economics

​ECO 2800H​
Labour Economics I​
​ECO 2801H
​Labour Economics II (PR)

Management

​RSM 2027H​
​Not-for-Profit Consulting
​RSM 2129H
​Forecasting Models and Econometric Methods (PR)
​RSM 2605H
​International Organizational Behaviour (PR)
​RSM 2612H
​Managing Talent for Global Operations
​RSM 2615H
​Special Topics in Organizational Behaviour

Political Science

​JPJ 2042H
​La​bour Policy
​POL 2307H
The Political Economy of Technology: from the Auto-Industrial to the Information Age​

Public Health Sciences

CHL 5904H
Perspectives in Occupational Health and Safety—Legal and Social Context​​

Sociology

​SOC 6003H
Immigrati​on II​
​SOC 6012H
Sociology of Work I​
​SOC 6112H
Sociology of Work II​

Other Elective Courses

With the approval of the Graduate Coordinator, students may register in the following credit/no-credit course:

IRE 4000H
Work Term in IR/HRM (Credit/No Credit)

Reading Courses

In certain circumstances, and with the approval of the Graduate Coordinator, students may be allowed to take a reading or research course:

​IRE 1090H
A reading course or individual research in an approved field​
IRE 2090H
A reading course or individual research in an approved field